News Letter 5859-031
The 7th Year of the 4th Sabbatical Cycle
The 28th year of the 120th Jubilee Cycle
The 21st day of the 8th month 5859 years after the creation of Adam
The 4th Sabbatical Cycle after the 119th Jubilee Cycle
The Sabbatical Cycle of Sword, Famines, and Pestilence
D-Day + 15 of the Abomination
October 7, 2023
Shabbat Shalom to the Royal Family of Yehovah, We continue to “Watch for you do not know the day or the hour…”
Shabbat Shalom Family,
It is now D-Day + 15. It is now October 7, 2023. I thank all of you who are praying for me as I wait and watch for the completion of the setting up of the Abomination. The house for it is built. It is built in the exact location we expected it to be built. And it was completed at the very time we expected to find it built or in the process of being built. The only thing missing is the statue itself.
So thank you for your prayers.
Wait For It
Hab 2:1 I will stand on my watch and set myself on the tower, and will watch to see what He will say to me, and what I shall answer when I am reproved.
The Righteous Shall Live by His Faith
Hab 2:2 And Jehovah answered me and said, Write the vision, and make it plain on the tablets, that he who reads it may run.
Hab 2:3 For the vision is still for an appointed time, but it speaks to the end, and it does not lie. Though it lingers, wait for it; because it will surely come. It will not tarry.
The Shrine for the Abomination is built and complete. It was built to house a statue of Mary. It is not a Bar-B-Q pit. They only build shrines at convents for one reason. We are now waiting and watching for the Statue to be placed in it. It will be done. I do not know when. So, I continue to watch.
We have now sent out two updates to those who support this work. They have invested in this work and besides being kept in the loop, they also have full access to our entire library, including all of our audiobooks. If you did not get your update, then please check your spam folder or write me.
You could also have the same privileges by becoming a supporter each month of this work. Just go to the donor section in the store and sign up.
People want this information; they just do not feel they should have to pay for it. Hmmm…
Mat 7:6 Do not give that which is holy to the dogs; nor cast your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet and turn again and tear you.
We have some valuable information here at sightedmoon.com. Those who search our teachings are amazed at the things they learn. But then those with a goldfish mentality want the bottom line without doing any of the research. Or, as Nehemia has said, we are talking to a TikTok generation, which means they have no depth of knowledge or understanding. They get all their information from other people on TikTok, Bitchut, Gab or some other alternative source.
Lest they turn again and tear you… I have been thinking about that part a bit.
The swine are related to the tares. Those who take up all your time and energy but never contribute to help get the work done. At the end, when the harvest is to take place the tares are those whose seeds are empty. There is nothing of any value to harvest from them. They are taken and burned in the fire. Heads full of vanities, trivial information about nothing.
Those who turn and tear on you are also mentioned in the invitation to the wedding.
Mat 22:1 And Jesus answered and spoke to them again by parables, and said,
Mat 22:2 The kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king who made a marriage for his son.
Mat 22:3 And he sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the wedding; and they would not come.
Mat 22:4 Again he sent out other servants, saying, Tell those who are invited, Behold, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and fatlings are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the marriage.
Mat 22:5 But not caring, they went their ways, one to hisfield, another to his trading.
All 12 tribes of Israel are invited to the wedding, but they refuse to come. They find excuses not to come and not to obey the King they say they serve, but they do not. Those inviting them to the wedding tell them to repent and return to the Torah. Those prophets are hated and then killed. This has been happening throughout history. And this is what we are told the swine or the tares, those who look and act like the wheat but are not wheat, are going to do to those inviting them to the wedding.
Mat 22:6 And the rest took his servants and treated them spitefully, and killed them.
Mat 22:7 But when the king heard, he was angry. And he sent out his armies and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
This will occur during the ten years of Awe that are about to begin. The tares will be destroyed even though they think they are wheat. But they continue to attack those doing the work.
Mat 22:8 Then he said to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they who were invited were not worthy.
Mat 22:9 Therefore go into the exits of the highways, and as many as you shall find, invite them to the marriage.
Mat 22:10 So the servants went out into the highways and gathered together as many as they found, both bad and good. And the wedding was filled with reclining guests.
We are also told in Revelation 7:9 about a great innumerable multitude coming out of the Tribulation. These are spoken of as coming from the highways and byways. They come and put on the wedding garments, meaning they repent and return to keeping the Torah of the Bride.
Mat 22:11 And the king coming in to look over the guests, he saw a man there who did not have on a wedding garment.
Mat 22:12 And he said to him, Friend, how did you come in here without having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.
Mat 22:13 Then the king said to the servants, Bind him hand and foot and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Mat 22:14 For many are called, but few chosen.
You cannot come as you are. You must put on the wedding garments of the Bride. You must keep the Torah.
This is further taught in the teaching of the 10 virgins. Everyone thinks they are the five wise, but they do not KNOW Him.
The Parable of the Ten Virgins
Mat 25:1 Then shall the kingdom of Heaven be likened to ten virgins, who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom.
Mat 25:2 And five of them were wise, and five were foolish.
Mat 25:3 The foolish ones took their lamps, but took no oil with them.
Mat 25:4 But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.
Mat 25:5 While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
This will now be connected to the Feast of Trumpets—the Theif in the Night who comes in and catches the priest asleep on duty. Yehshua comes at a day and hour no man can know, which anyone who knows anything understands is the Feast of Trumpets, which comes at the sighting of the Crescent Moon, which no one can know until two witnesses see it. Get our book It Was A Riddle, Not A Command at our store today.
This Holy Day is the day Messiah comes for His Bride on a White horse to whisk her away. You are not to buy or sell on the Holy Day, yet the five foolish do not know this and go out to buy the oil on a Holy Day, The Feast of Trumpets, Yom Teruah.
Mat 25:6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom comes! Go out to meet him.
Mat 25:7 Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps.
Mat 25:8 And the foolish said to the wise, Give us some of your oil, for our lamps have gone out.
The foolish were saying to give us for free what you have already paid for and stored up, much like the tares demanding the things I have researched and spent years and well over a hundred thousand dollars searching, to be given to them for free. Casting my pearls before those who do not respect all the effort that has gone into this work.
Mat 25:9 But the wise answered, saying, No, lest there be not enough for us and you. But rather go to those who sell, and buy for yourselves.
You can go to Amazon to learn those things you need to learn to gain your oil. And they are going to go out and try to buy on the Holy Day the oil they need.
Mat 25:10 And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came. And they who were ready went in with him to the marriage, and the door was shut.
Mat 25:11 Afterwards the other virgins came also, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.
Mat 25:12 But he answered and said, Truly I say to you, I do not know you.
Mat 25:13 Therefore watch, for you do not know either the day or the hour in which the Son of Man comes.
Again, this is a reference to the Feast of Trumpets, the Feast of Shouting. Yehshua did not know them. Why?
Because they did not keep the Holy Days nor respect them enough to know that by keeping them, you get to know Yehovah and the entire plan of Salvation through them. Far too many who say they are done away, or they are just for the Jews will be told, I never knew you, by the Word. The same Word, the Torah, in which He told us to keep those days Holy.
Yehshua said the following.
Joh 5:45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father; there is one who accuses you, Moses, in whom you trust.
Joh 5:46 For if you had believed Moses, you would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me.
Joh 5:47 But if you do not believe his writings, how shall you believe My Words?
The very books that most Christians say are done away with are the same ones that explain how to know Yehshua. How many actually believe Moses?
The Parable of the Talents
Mat 25:14 For it is as if a man going abroad called his own servants and gave them his goods.
Mat 25:15 And to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to each according to his ability. And he went abroad at once.
Mat 25:16 And going he who had received the five talents traded with them, and made another five talents.
Notice He did not give his talents away for free. He traded them to gain an increase. The same thing the second servant does.
Mat 25:17 And likewise he who had received two, he also gained another two.
Mat 25:18 But he who had received the one talent went and dug in the earth and hid his lord’s silver.
Mat 25:19 After a long time the lord of those servants came and took account with them.
Mat 25:20 And so he who had received five talents came and brought another five talents, saying, Lord, you delivered five talents to me. Behold, I have gained five talents above them.
Mat 25:21 His lord said to him, Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful over a few things; I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.
Mat 25:22 He also who had received two talents came and said, Lord, you delivered two talents to me. Behold, I have gained two other talents above them.
Mat 25:23 His lord said to him, Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.
Mat 25:24 And he who had received the one talent came and said, Lord, I knew that you were a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter.
Mat 25:25 And I was afraid and went and hid your talent in the earth. Lo, you have yours.
Mat 25:26 His lord answered and said to him, Evil and slothful servant! You knew that I reaped where I did not sow, and gathered where I did not scatter,
Mat 25:27 then you should have put my money to the exchangers, and coming I would have received my own with interest.
Mat 25:28 Therefore take the talent from him and give itto him who has ten talents.
Mat 25:29 For to everyone who has, more shall be given, and he will abound. But from him who has not, even that which he has shall be taken away from him.
Mat 25:30 And throw the unprofitable servant into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Doing nothing is not an excuse, either. Yehovah wants to see a gain from each of us. You may not be able to write a book, but each of you can promote it. You may not be able to do in-depth research but after reading what was researched, you can defend it and promote it or explain it to others. You CAN do something.
The Final Judgment
Mat 25:31 But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He shall sit on the throne of His glory.
Mat 25:32 And all nations shall be gathered before Him. And He shall separate them from one another, as a shepherd divides the sheep from the goats.
Mat 25:33 And indeed He shall set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats off the left.
Mat 25:34 Then the King shall say to those on His right hand, Come, blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
Mat 25:35 For I was hungry, and you gave me food; I was thirsty, and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger, and you took Me in;
Mat 25:36 I was naked, and you clothed Me; I was sick, and you visited Me; I was in prison, and you came to Me.
Mat 25:37 Then the righteous shall answer Him, saying, Lord, when did we see You hungry, and fed You? Or thirsty, and gave You drink?
Mat 25:38 When did we see You a stranger, and took You in? Or naked, and clothed You?
Mat 25:39 Or when did we see You sick, or in prison, and came to You?
Mat 25:40 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, In as much as you did it to one of the least of these My brothers, you have done it to Me.
Mat 25:41 Then He also shall say to those on the left hand, Depart from Me, you cursed, into everlasting fire prepared for the Devil and his angels.
Mat 25:42 For I was hungry, and you gave Me no food; I was thirsty, and you gave Me no drink;
Mat 25:43 I was a stranger and you did not take Me in; I was naked, and you did not clothe Me; I was sick, and in prison, and you did not visit me.
Mat 25:44 Then they will also answer Him, saying, Lord, when did we see You hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister to You?
Mat 25:45 Then He shall answer them, saying, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.
Mat 25:46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into everlasting life.
Yehovah is talking about feeding people with His Torah, the Bread of Life and quenching their thirst with the Holy Spirit and clothing them in the righteous ropes of the Torah. Those in prison are those caught in the pains of religion and who do not know the truth of the Torah. These are things all of us can do.
The information here at sightedmoon.com is priceless. Understanding the Jubilee Cycles and how they reveal end-time prophecy is stunning. To read the comments from those who won’t help and want it all given to them is disheartening. They only quote the latter part of this proverb but never read the whole thing.
Pro 23:23 Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding.
You are told to buy the Truth. Buy it. Yehshua says the same thing in Revelation: that you are to buy the gold.
Revelation 3:18 I counsel you to buy from Me gold purified by fire, so that you may be rich; and white clothing, so that you may be clothed, and so that the shame of your nakedness does not appear. And anoint your eyes with eye salve, so that you may see.
Job 28:12–19 informs us that wisdom is priceless “beyond rubies.” It cannot be purchased “with the finest gold,” silver, or any precious stones. What, then, did Solomon mean when he said, “Buy the truth and do not sell it—wisdom, instruction and insight as well” (Proverbs 23:23)?
Rather than suggesting that truth, wisdom, instruction, or insight can be bought like a commodity, Solomon urges wisdom seekers to value truth highly and never give it up. Wisdom is the ability to correctly apply truth, knowledge, experience, insight, or common sense. In the original Hebrew, the word translated as “buy” here means “to get something, often through one’s efforts or as compensation.” The “buying” of truth involves effort and sacrifice. The wise person will do whatever it takes to gain truth, wisdom, instruction, and insight, which are far better than gold and silver (see Proverbs 16:16). Once a person takes hold of truth, he should never let it go.
The word rendered “sell” in Proverbs 23:23 comes from a Hebrew verb meaning “to exchange or deliver something for money or its equivalent.” Solomon advises the wise person to get truth and keep it. Don’t exchange truth for anything or sell it later. Truth will hold its value, and the person who has it is truly rich. The apostle Paul warns that godless people have foolishly “exchanged the truth about God for a lie” and pursued idolatry (Romans 1:18–25). Instead of buying the truth, they sell themselves out to the lie of a darkened, shameful, sin-filled life.
Solomon’s encouragement to hold tightly to truth and wisdom echoes in Proverbs 4:7: “The beginning of wisdom is this: Get wisdom. Though it cost all you have, get understanding.” Truth, discernment, understanding, knowledge, insight—these are all priceless possessions that must be sought out and secured through determined exertion (Proverbs 18:15). The things of God are beyond compare, as Jesus taught in the Parable of the Hidden Treasure: “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field. When a man found it, he hid it again, and then in his joy went and sold all he had and bought that field” (Matthew 13:44). Jesus also compared the kingdom of heaven to “a merchant looking for fine pearls. When he found one of great value, he went away and sold everything he had and bought it” (Matthew 13:45–46).
Thank You Updates.
Joe and Team,
I just donated to your work. I donated because your work has been a blessing to me. I know you may be getting a lot of negative e-mail. (I have received a few myself). I would like to encourage you. Your work continues to be important. While the focus has been on end times, I have learned so many other thing. There has not been a place I could have learned about the relationships between the Old Testament and New Testament. You and everyone make the scripture come alive.
May Yehovah bless you and your family.
Watching and waiting…
Rev 7:3 saying, Do not hurt the earth or the sea or the trees until we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.
Rev 7:4 And I heard the number of those who were sealed, one hundred and forty-four thousands, having been sealed out of every tribe of the sons of Israel.
Rev 7:5 Out of the tribe of Judah, twelve thousand had been sealed. Out of the tribe of Reuben, twelve thousand had been sealed. Out of the tribe of Gad, twelve thousand had been sealed.
Rev 7:6 Out of the tribe of Asher, twelve thousand had been sealed. Out of the tribe of Naphtali, twelve thousand had been sealed. Out of the tribe of Manasseh, twelve thousand had been sealed.
Rev 7:7 Out of the tribe of Simeon, twelve thousand had been sealed. Out of the tribe of Levi, twelve thousand had been sealed. Out of the tribe of Issachar, twelve thousand had been sealed.
Rev 7:8 Out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve thousand had been sealed. Out of the tribe of Joseph, twelve thousand had been sealed. Out of the tribe of Benjamin, twelve thousand had been sealed.
The Abomination That Makes Desolate
The Abomination That Makes Desolate
The Countdown Is About To Be Completed!
The Countdown To the Abomination Began In, 2020 when W.H.O. announced a world wide pandemic!
THE BIGGEST EVENT SINCE THE CRUCIFIXION IS ABOUT TO TAKE PLACE AND YOU HAVE FRONT ROW SEATS
We are just days away from this event taking place. Do you know what to look for, and do you know where to look for it? Are you even watching? It is time to get right with Yehovah now with fasting and prayers and turning back to Him while you have time.
THE ABOMINATION THAT MAKES DESOLATE must surely qualify as one of the most misinterpreted subjects in the entire Bible. In truth, it is a mystery, as evidenced by the fact that even the prophet Daniel himself did not fully comprehend its meaning. (Daniel 12:8-9)
Clearly, therefore, there is no shame in failing to understand all the details of this major End-Times’ prophetic event. This is where Joseph Dumond’s second book in his Elijah Trilogy comes as such a timely and most befitting word in season. This work is best suited for those who genuinely and in earnest seek after truth, as it provides an accurate compass guiding the reader safely through the maze of all the key End-Times’ prophetic markers that enable one to come into a full understanding of the content therein. As the author leads you step-by-step; you will come to know the true meaning and full import of this earth-shattering event. For starters, you will be impacted by the urgency of the hour, as the timing of this event is just around the corner.
You will marvel in amazement as you have your eyes opened to the true understanding of what is meant by the 70th week of Daniel.
You will find out the true biblical location of the sacrificial altar for the Red Heifer, as well as the most probable timetable for this event. It will come as a revelation for you to learn that it may not necessarily mean a Temple has to be built before this sacrifice is made.
You will discover when the Antichrist intervenes to stop the sacrifices being offered at the altar in Jerusalem, and also, when he plans to set up “The Abomination That Makes Desolate.”
You will also learn when the “Two Witnesses” commence their ministry in Jerusalem, and how Nadab and Abihu—the two sons of Aaron—may have been prophetic symbols of those Two Witnesses.
The strength and beauty of this work is that, unlike so many other authors, Joseph Dumond actually gives answers that pinpoint exactly where we are prophetically today. Not only this, he gives us the tools to prove the answers for ourselves. He does this by demonstrating in the clearest terms aided by his colourful charts that the major KEYS to understanding END-TIMES’ PROPHECY are the Sabbatical and Jubilee Cycles. Most students of the Bible sadly are wholly unaware of their existence. Yet, once you understand these, you are able to—with a significantly improved level of accuracy—pinpoint exactly where we are in these biblical cycles of time. The amazing—or some might even say scary part being—that all of these spectacular, apocalyptic and catastrophic events will be taking place in just a few years from now!
The 1290 Days has already started counting down. Yehshua warned what was going to come next. Get ready!! We are there now and no one is prepared.
If you want a PDF version and you want it now just go to our store and you can begin to read this book as soon as you fill in your information.
The 10 Days of Awe Reviews
The 10 Days of Awe
The 10 Days of Awe is now available on Amazon. Get your copy now
We asked those who were given the free copy to write us and let us know what they thought of being able to now read the 10 Days of Awe. Here is what they said.
This final part of Joseph Dumond’s Eliyah Trilogy is an awesome work of unadulterated truth made plain with brutal honesty. At the same time we are presented with so many startling revelations that you feel compelled to read on to discover more amazing surprises. Even though some of these may make for grim reading; you nevertheless need to go on with the text, as forewarned is forearmed.
A Day for a Year – a Year for a Day!
The title of the book rather understates what you and I, as well as the rest of the world are going to experience in the near future. It is based upon a longstanding tradition of the Jews to engage in deep repentance for the ten days between the Feast of Trumpets, (Yom Teruah), and the Day of Atonement, (Yom Kippur) each year. The author has used this same principle by applying a biblical twist to it by changing the days into years. A Day for a Year – a Year for a Day! In Bible prophecy, it is a common understanding that prophetic messages containing days, can be interpreted as years. Biblical examples of this are found in (Numbers 14:34 & Ezekiel 4:4-6). This means that from Trumpets to Yom Kippur, Israel, and the world at large will be given TEN YEARS to come to repentance. Based on Mr. Dumond’s understanding of the Sabbatical and the Jubilee Years; these prophetic 10 years of Awe begin as early as on the Feast of Trumpets of 2024, ending on the Day of Atonement, (Yom Kippur) in 2033! It is a terrifying thought to think how very close we are to the end of this age of man, as Yehovah’s full scale judgment on this world begins next year, engulfing all the Israelite nations, as well as the rest of the world in global chaos, war, famine, dictatorship and turmoil for ten solid years! What Joseph Dumond has done in this book is to give us a roadmap, where he has courageously linked the Ten Plagues of Egypt with the prophecies of the Book of Daniel, as well as with the various Horsemen, Seals, Trumpets, Beasts and Bowls of the Book of Revelation. As far as I am aware this has not been done before!
His analysis of the plagues of Egypt is by far the most thorough and the best I have ever seen, accompanied by many colour illustrations. However, not only does the author combine all of these mysterious prophetically interconnected events; more significantly he goes on to tell us exactly when these various events will occur within the ten-year time frame in question, namely those Ten Years of Awe! It truly is fantastic, as in this singular work we are given a compass into the immediate future; armed with a precise timescale as to when these spectacular earth-shattering events will occur.
Not only that, as those few who are prepared to submit to the “instructions,” (the Torah), of the God of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob, will, just like the ancient Israelites escaping from their crushing bondage in Egypt, in a SECOND EXODUS; be given protection and a free pass to escape most of those ghastly horrors awaiting rebellious mankind.
The cataclysmic Great Tribulation will kick off on Passover 2030, and it will go on for an unspeakable three and a half years to end on the day of Yom Kippur, (the Day of Atonement) in 2033, e.g. the last 3.5 years. Those who are the true sheep of Yehovah will be counted worthy to escape this Great Tribulation. These faithful ones are variously described as “The Bride of Christ,” or as the Five Virgins, who have the necessary oil in their lamps when the Bridegroom, (Messiah Yeshua), comes for them.
Now for most people any book covering all of the above would be more than enough, yet Joseph Dumond has still more, indeed much more in store for the reader. Truth to tell; you will be treated to revelation after revelation, too much to digest in one reading. This foreword only permits me to cover just a few of them.
The Jewish Sages maintain that Adam, the first man was created on the Feast of Trumpets. Our Messiah Yeshua, who was the Second Adam, was also born on that same day, the Feast of Trumpets, (Yom Teruah)! At the end of the sixth millennial day, the one that is coming to an end right now, when Yehovah/Yeshua comes to judge the world; it too will be on this self-same day of Trumpets, when He will establish His Kingdom rule here on earth, ushering an unprecedented time of peace, and well-being for all, when paradise will be restored.
Having read Mr. Dumond’s well-researched part about the doctrine of the Trinity, it stands exposed as THE fundamental pillar of the Babylonian Mystery Religion. Once you realise its profane origins, spawned by incest, adultery and fornication within the same pagan family unit, you will be utterly shocked. Most of you will be surprised to discover the origins and the identity of those vile lowlifes who have so thoroughly infiltrated all the religions of the world. In direct consequence the religions of the world are operating from polluted altars with Christianity being no exception.
Brain Storming Sessions
Most fascinating are the brain storming sessions between Rabbi Fohrman and his comrade-in-arms, Imu Shalev. These two men treat you to a friendly and unparalleled repartee between two Jewish scholars, which in places is Oh, so Jewish, and at times very amusing. Even though the reader may not at all times be aware of what direction they are going in; you may be sure that they are 100% focussed upon finding the deeper underlying meaning of the text they are covering, and in the process, they uncover the most astounding truths. You find out why Miriam, the sister of Aaron was called “Bitter Waters” by her mother, plus why Yehovah referred to her as a prophet? You will get an insight into the demonic cruelty of the Pharaoh of Egypt. You will also get a much deeper appreciation for the suffering of those Hebrew mothers, as their male babies were taken by force by Pharaoh’s soldiers to be drowned in the Nile River. For the first time you will comprehend why after the Israelites crossed the Red Sea on dry land, why after a three day march, the waters at the Marah Oasis were bitter! You will receive so many new insights from these great scholars, and their main method is to question everything by always asking WHY? It is fascinating to see these seasoned Torah lovers at work. As I followed them, I found myself going through a gamut of emotions from smiling at their humour and verbal antics; to surprise and amazement at the exciting truths being unearthed. In the end, being struck by the profound import of their discoveries, it brought tears to my eyes.
An Amazing Analogy
When Moshe, Aharon and Miriam were alive there were three miracles that accompanied the Israelites in the merit of each of those three people.
- THE CLOUD THAT LED ISRAEL FROM ONE PLACE TO THE NEXT PLACE
What is the common denominator between those three things?
They are all things you need each day to exist!
- You need water – you have water miraculously provided through The Rock.
- You need food to exist – you have manna miraculously supplied.
- You need daily direction to exist, so you do not get lost – You have direction.
The point is that their daily lives were augmented by miracles, and that is what life in the wilderness looks like. All their daily needs were provided for them miraculously. Forty years go by and then all is going to change. Miriam, Aaron and Moses all are going to die, and they are going into the land of Promise. The manna stops being provided. How are they going to get food? They are going to plant! How are they going to get water? They are going to draw it from a well! They won’t need direction anymore. Life is about to become natural. They are poised to make a transition from the supernatural of the desert into the natural world. For our Israelite ancestors it was a very big adjustment.
The curious thing is that with us on this side of imminent total world disintegration, whilst still enjoying the basic comforts of the natural world, we will soon have to face a flight into the wilderness, where only the supernatural can provide us with our daily needs. For us in our modern day, it too will be a huge adjustment only in reverse! It will be a huge test of faith for most of us. Here’s the thing; God does like to test us!
Exercise GREAT Faith!
Genesis 15:6 “And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.” Abraham also believed in God and his belief or faith translated into Abraham “obeyed!” Obeying Yehovah’s Voice! Yehovah didn’t know Abraham’s faith until he obeyed His Voice – until he offered Isaac, his only begotten son! Not for nothing was Abraham called the ‘Father of the Faithful!’ For sure, the Holy One of Israel is going to test all of us, more than we can possibly know or imagine. This is why it is ever so important you get this book, as it will help you more than you can possibly understand at this moment. This is So urgent! There is no time to lose! Remember, you need your roadmap to prepare yourself for all the terrors and impregnable obstacles on the way. There is no time to dither, no time to say, I will think about it! The time is too short for that, as by the time you will have thought about it, you will be too late! I have read this book twice now, and I want to read it again. Why? Simply, because I think it so important to the future of my family that I want to make it my own by internalizing it. This work is that important! If you value your life and the life of your family my earnest advice is, GET THIS BOOK NOW!
Stephen J Spykerman, Author & Minister
Founder: Mount Ephraim Publishing
Foreword Part Two
TEN DAYS OF AWE
By Joseph F Dumond
Why do we need another Foreword? The reason is that Joseph Dumond only gave me just over half of his book, not knowing how long it was going to take him to finish, or how many more pages he had to write. Thus this Foreword applies to the second half of this incredible book.
The most amazing aspect of this work is how the author has connected the somewhat obscure account of the Sotah woman mentioned in Numbers 5:14-28, with all the end time prophetic judgments and all the curses listed in Leviticus 26. How many of us reading this material have ever made a study of the Sotah woman? How many of us have even heard of her? She is brought before the priest when her husband has a spirit of jealousy, yet he is not able to prove any infidelity. She in order to establish the truth has to drink the cup of bitter waters into which the priest has placed the scrapings of the written curse, mixed with the dust of the floor of the tabernacle. The priest then puts her under oath, and says to the woman; “If no man has lain with you, and you have not gone astray to uncleanness while under your husband’s authority, be free from this bitter water that brings a curse.”
The priest in the presence of her husband then goes on to say:
“But if you have gone astray while under your husband’s authority, and if you have defiled yourself and some other man other than your husband has lain with you”- then the priest shall put the woman under the oath of the curse, and he shall say to the woman – “the LORD make you a curse and an oath among your people, when the LORD makes your thigh rot and your belly swell; “and may this water that causes the curse go into your stomach, and make your belly swell and your thigh rot.” Then the woman shall say, “Amen, so be it.”
The author them goes on to point out the many parallelisms to the bitter waters the Sotah woman has to drink, starting with our first parents Adam and Eve who were driven out of the Garden of Eden after they discovered their nakedness. The Sotah woman will be stripped naked exposing her shame, it is all connected.
Israel, inclusive of Judah, too provoked Yehovah to jealousy with strange gods, and as part of the Law of jealousy she will inherit the same fate. She too will be made to drink the bitter waters, and her stomach will become distended and bloated and her thighs like matchsticks will fall away, because of the plague of extreme famine coming onto the world.
Those bitter waters are also referred to in the earlier chapter in connection with the sorrow of the Hebrew mothers, who in the latter years of their captivity, had to suffer seeing their young baby boys forcefully taken away by Pharaoh’s soldiers to be mercilessly drowned in the River Nile.
We also learned that Miriam, the sister of Aaron and Moses curiously was named ‘Bitter Waters’ by her mother. She was the one who saved the young life of baby Moses, as she followed his little floating basket to the edge of the reeds, where the daughter of Pharaoh was bathing with her maid.
She showed great presence of mind to offer the princess a nursing maid for the baby. Later on she tasted the bitter waters, when she spoke to Aaron about Moses’ leadership, and criticized her brother. She was struck by leprosy, and suffered the humiliation of being put out of the Camp of Israel for seven days. The children of Israel too, after a three day march through the desert when they thirsted for water experienced a major test of faith when they came to Marah, as the waters were found to be bitter.
Ezekiel 16; is pointed out to us, as yet another dramatic account of a woman representing the whole house of Israel, who strayed very badly, not just with one lover, but with hundreds if not thousands of them in continuous rebellion against Yehovah. He saved her from certain death in a howling wilderness, and who chose her and gave her life. When you read this chapter, you cannot but be greatly moved by the intense pain our Father must suffer in observing His chosen nation to continuously flout His commandments.
Moving onto the New Testament, we find that in the parable of the ‘Woman at the Well,’ Yeshua addresses her as a type of the Sotah woman; as she too was an adulteress. The same goes for Mary Magdalena who was also a Sotah woman.
The rules of the Sotah woman come in to judge all of us. Yeshua paid that price so we can be redeemed because of this, if we repent and turn back to Yehovah. In the narrative, the author reminds us that our calling is to be witnesses to the greatest spectacles in the history of the world – not just as spectators, but as active participants. “When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow you. When you walk through the fire, you shall not be burned, nor shall flame scorch you. For I am Yehovah your Elohim, The Holy One of Israel, your Savior; (Isaiah 43:2-3a).
The angel with the seventh vial cast down hailstones that were 100 talents in weight. This is like the Sotah woman being stoned to death for her sins. Yeshua too, was stoned for our sins while hanging on the cross.
Deceiving the Whole World
From here on the narrative moves to ancient Babylon with a quote from Genesis: “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.” (Genesis 3:15).
The ancient world in general were perfectly aware of the grand primeval promise of Eden, and they understood that the bruising of the heel of the promised seed would result in His death, and that a curse would be removed from the world by the death of the grand deliverer. If the premise of the bruising of the serpent’s head, recorded in Genesis, as made to our first parents, then it might be expected that some trace of this premise would be found in all nations. And such is the case, as there are hardly a people or nations on earth whose mythology it is not spoken of. For instance, the Greeks pictured their great god Apollo on slaying the serpent Pytho, and Herculus strangling serpents while yet in his cradle. We find evidence in the mythology of Egypt, in India, in Scandinavia, and in Mexico we find clear allusions to the same great truth, whose source can only come from the Book of Genesis. The evil genius of the Egyptian god Horus is frequently portrayed as a snake, whose head he is seen piercing with a spear. We see the same fable appear in India where the malignant serpent Calyia is slain by Vishnu in his avatar of Krishna. The great Scandinavian deity Thor was said to have bruised the head of the great serpent with his mace. The source of all of this maybe readily traced to the Bible.
The above general intro to the ancient patriarchs of the post Flood age Mr Dumond introduces us to a most fascinating behind the scenes look at Ham, Canaan, Cush, and Nimrod. In short Ham usurped Noah by having sex with Noah’s wife, his mother; he in turn was supplanted by Cush, who used the same method of sleeping with his grandmother, Noah’s ex-wife. After this Nimrod took over the reins of the Babylonian empire and its mystery religion, and he too slept with Noah’s wife, who by this time had changed her name to Semiramis. The reader is treated to totally fresh pastures of ancient world history, which effectively is the birthplace of our world today. It is also the ancient fountainhead of all of the major religions of the world. It is a world of many gods, most of which resurfaced in Egypt, Persia, Greece and Rome under different names. The reader is in for many surprises in this section, which is graced with many excellent color plates. Dumond’s research deserves a special accolade, as it is truly most impressive. His superb referencing of his sources too is of the highest standard.
We are also taken along to Egypt where we are being shown how the ten plagues of Egypt were specifically targeted at the ten major gods of Egypt. This truly is a most fascinating study accompanied with wonderful full color pictures of their gods, which explain their role in Egyptian society. They also illustrate the plagues, and how in each case they are being thoroughly humbled by the plagues called forth by Moses. Joseph Dumond also demonstrates how these same gods, who are no gods, are being worshipped around the world even today, with all roads leading back to Babylon. Sadly, this is very much the case with Christianity too. The whole point of the exercise is that Yehovah is visiting the same plagues upon our sinful society today.
Brief allusion was also made to Esau weeping before his father Isaac, after he had been beaten to the blessing by Jacob. Isaac blessed him by saying: “By your sword shall you live, and you shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass, when you become restless, that you shall break his yoke from your neck.” (Genesis 27:14). Later on he vowed that he: “Would kill his brother Jacob!” The ominously plain fact is that he will be given the opportunity to do so in the near future!
Finally at numerous points in this work the author stresses the point that – When we obey Yehovah and DO His commandments and observe His Torah, we will not be harmed by five curses of the Book of Leviticus chapter 26, the 7 seals of Revelation, the 7 Trumpet plagues, and the 7 plagues in bowls will not harm us. When we obey we can drink the cup of the bitter waters given to the Sotah woman, knowing we are not straying, but that we are earnestly obeying Yehovah, who will bless us and keep us, and not do us any harm.
The Ten Days of Awe is a sublime conclusion to Joseph Dumond’s Elijah Trilogy, in which the author has surpassed himself.
In my view this is a true Biblical Masterpiece which I recommend
with all my heart.
Stephen J Spykerman, Author & Minister
Founder: Mount Ephraim Publishing
10 DAYS OF AWE – BOOK REVIEW
This final book in the Elijah Trilogy describes what the 10 days of awe are, what the bitter water test of jealousy is, why our Heavenly Redeemer is jealous, and when this test of jealousy is. The “why” part is what makes this set of books so extensive and emotionally arduous. Yehovah does not only reveal the timing of his judgment, but He is fair and just to reveal why judgment must occur – this fact is what makes this author’s revelations from his studies of the scriptures so profound.
Even if you have already begun your personal walk in a Torah obedient lifestyle, you will be saddened at what you learn from this book about the bitter days ahead for the world. If you have not repented, then this book may be one of the most troubling books that you have ever read… because, even if you disagree, you will know that it presents a solid case.
So, what should you tell others about this last edition in the Elijah Trilogy? That’s the point of a review, right? Well, that’s a tough one… it’s a book that requires a foundation. Sure, tell people to read it. However, Jeremiah 2:13, mentioned in this Elijah Trilogy, speaks of the wrong of people creating for themselves broken cisterns that can hold no water. The knowledge in this book be something that many cannot hold. It’s nothing against this incredible book, but perhaps one of the other books at Sightedmoon would be a better first choice for them. The first book in the Elijah Trilogy, The Restoration of All Things, is a good place to start to see how those cisterns were broken and how they are being repaired.
Here is my ‘before I read the book” review:I want to learn what God has to say about the next ten years. That is why I am planning to read Joseph Dumond’s book The 10 Days of Awe. Mr. Dumond searches the Scriptures with due attention to context and Hebrew meaning of the words God chose. He then presents a straight forward analysis with Bible references quoted at length and detailed footnotes of his research. Mr. Dumond is deeply interested in history and personally visits the locations and searches the archives to determine the pertinent facts that enhance the Bible reader’s understanding.I have read most of his books, all of which supplement and augment my understanding of Scriptures. He urges the reader to take God at His word, trust, and act accordingly.Patti Hansen
Shalom brother Joe!!,
1st and foremost I want to thank you for allowing the unedited version to be available for the monthly subscribers to read via PDF, THIS IS A TIME SENSITIVE READING!!
I’m at page 300 and I would have written a review sooner but have found it hard to break away from reading the 10 days of awe, this book has blown my mind in details of whats described in the Words of God of the last days and the fulfilling of the fall feast at this time.
This information you provide is due for our time RIGHT NOW and how important it is to OBEY Yehovah’s Word because the harvest is ripe!!
This book is packed with the information and an eye opener about the bitter waters that are soon to be here, which is already being presented in the world as we know it!! This book, along with the other 2 books from the Elijah trilogy is eye opening and makes you see the world through a different set of eyes and puts my hope in the creator of this universe of His saving grace and mercy He will show to those who obey. Just like the Hebrews in the land of Egypt, we are fixing to come out of this world of Egypt for a 2nd mass exodus being led by the Most High, Yehovah!!
Sorry for the short review but I’ve got to get back to reading the rest of this book!!
Much Shalom and may Yehovah bless you and keep you brother Joe!!
- On a personal note, I would just like to share my opinion on your Ten Days of Awe book. I am still living in the afterglow of having finished reading it from cover to cover, only to say it has hugely impacted me. It really is an awesome read, and without exaggeration it is a Biblical Masterpiece. Some of its amazing content was still coming back to me early this morning when I was still slumbering in bed, and I just could not get it out of my head. I would say you have created an exceptional and razor sharp historical essay of the ancient secrets behind the religions of Babylon and Egypt. You have given us a look behind the scenes, and lifted the lid on all their horrible hidden secrets, and you demonstrated how all the religions of the world, especially including Christianity, have effectively been sired by the pagan poison of the Babylonian mystery religion. Apart from this you unveiled so many astounding Scriptural revelations, that any true seeker after truth would feel spoiled by Yehovah Himself. On top of all of this, you have also given us an amazing compass not only indicating, but also giving us the precise timing of all the prophetic milestones we, as Messiah’s true disciples will encounter in the next ten year year journey to our ultimate destiny in the Holy Land. In reading I felt compelled, if not driven to get to the end of your book & even now, days later I am still savouring the effects.
- From a grateful heart – Thank you Joe for being a true instrument in His most righteous Hands!
- With love & blessings,Stephen
I just got my copy of 10 Days of Awe and I CANNOT wait to start it! I may or may not have to hire a housekeeper so I can focus on simply reading and absorbing all the revelations this book has for me!Lori-Dawn Kowal
Yehovah has blessed Joseph Dumond and given him insight to unlocking and revealing the often times complex and intricate prophecies given to us in scripture. Every book of Joe’s is amazingly in depth and eye opening. I have anticipated the release of this final book of the trilogy the second I found out that he started writing it. I cannot wait to get started. Thank you Joe for everything you have given and put on the line to teach all of us what our gracious and compassionate creator has revealed to you. And thank you to Yehovah for giving Joe this valuable insight and the abilities to teach all of us.Kyle Wydmyer
I know when we give our all to our Abba, He gives to us, the more we seek Him , the more He blesses us, Joseph Dummond has been pouring his whole heart mind and sole into searchig out Yah’s Will, and Yah has blessed him dearly! Who has been blessed with such knowledge of understanding the Sabbatical and Jubilee years>>?? Yes, we should all be filled with this same knowledge and thanks to all Joe’s contunual diligent searching thru the Sqriptures , We can, Thank you Mr.Dummond for your love for all of us , as our Yahusha has said, He wants none to be lost, and you ave been doing everything with a glad heart to help bring in the sheep!!!, Todah rabah!! May our names all be found in Yah’s book of life! Elaine Burgess .Thats my begining ill be back in the mid and again at the end! Yah indeed has blessed us thru you.Psalm 28:7Yahuah is my strength and my shield.My heart trusts in Him, and I was helped.Therefore my heart leaps for joy,and I will praise Him with my songElaine Schlemmer
Thank you so much for sending the book! I was so excited that I read three chapters before I realized I hadn’t even thanked you!
Then I scheduled an early zoom teaching to share what was in those chapters! It’s just so exciting to read now, before the fall feast begin.
Thank you for all you have done and all you are doing for the kingdom!
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Restoration of All Things
Restoration of All Things
It Was A Riddle Not A Command
With Feast of Trumpets Now here you should all have a copy of this book to understand and know the deeper things of this Amazing Feast.
It Was A Riddle Not A Command
Yehshua always spoke in parables publicly.
Matthew 13:34 Jesus spoke all these things to the crowds in parables, and He did not speak to them without a parable, so that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, “I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.”
He did this on purpose so they would not understand.
Matthew 13:10-17 And the disciples said to Him, Why do You speak to them in parables?
He answered and said to them, Because it is given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of Heaven, but it is not given to them.
For whoever has, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance. But whoever does not have, from him shall be taken away even that which he has.
Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they see not, and hearing they hear not; nor do they understand. And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which said, “By hearing you shall hear and shall not understand; and seeing you shall see and shall not perceive; for this people’s heart has become gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and they have closed their eyes, lest at any time they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.”
But blessed are your eyes, for they see; and your ears, for they hear. For truly I say to you that many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which you see, and have not seen them; and to hear what you hear, and have not heard them.
Yehshua spoke about the 5 Foolish Virgins in a parable.
Matthew 25:11-13 Afterwards the other virgins came also, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.
But he answered and said, Truly I say to you, I do not know you.
Therefore watch, for you do not know either the day or the hour in which the Son of Man comes.
The expression “No Man Knows the Day or the Hour” is what Yehshua was speaking about in the previous chapter, Matthew 24:36 and here He is using the same expression in this parable again.
This is what most Christians use to dismiss any and all end time prophecies as being false teachings. They do not realize it was a parable meant to say something and hide the truth from those who hearts have grown stupid which is what that word gross means when Isaiah says their hearts have become gross.
Yehshua was telling the foolish they would not and could not know the day or the hour and at the same time telling the wise the precise time He would return on.
The question is which one of the virgins are you?
Order the book and find out which one you are and learn how to change from being a foolish virgin to one of the 5 Wise Virgins.
If you want to understand the Feast of Trumpets…if you want to know about Yehshua birthday, if you want to get the basics understanding of the 10 days of Awe, which we are about publish then you need to read this book as your foundation.
Order the book so you never have to hear the words, I never knew you.
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Join Our Sabbath Meetings
Join Our Sabbath Meetings
There are many people in need of fellowship and who are sitting at home on the Sabbath with no one to talk to or debate with. I want to encourage all of you to join us on Shabbat, and to invite others to come and join us as well. If the time is not convenient then you can listen to the teaching and the midrash after on our YouTube channel.
What are we doing and why do we teach this way?
We are going to discuss both sides of an issue and then let you choose. It is the work of the Ruach (Spirit) to direct and to teach you.
The medieval commentator Rashi wrote that the Hebrew word for wrestle (avek) implies that Jacob was “tied”, for the same word is used to describe knotted fringes in a Jewish prayer shawl, the tzitzityot. Rashi says, “thus is the manner of two people who struggle to overthrow each other, that one embraces the other and knots him with his arms”.
Our intellectual wrestling has been replaced by a different kind of struggle. We are Wrestling with Yehovah as we grapple with His Word. It is an intimate act, symbolizing a relationship in which Yehovah and I and you are bound together. My wrestling is a struggle to discover what Yehovah expects of us, and we are “tied” to the One who assists us in that struggle.
Today, many say Israel means “Champion of God”, or better — the “Wrestler of God”.
Our Torah sessions each Shabbat teaches you and encourages you to constantly challenge, question, argue against, as well as view alternative views and explanations of the Word. In other words, we are to “wrestle with the Word” to get to the truth. Jews worldwide believe that you need to wrestle with the Word and constantly challenge Dogma, Theology, and views or else you will never get to the Truth.
We are not like most churches where “The preacher talks and everyone listens.” We encourage everyone to participate, to question and to contribute what they know on the subject being discussed. We want you to be a champion wrestler of the Word of Yehovah. We want you to wear the title of Israel, knowing that you not only know but are capable of explaining why you know the Torah to be true with logic and facts.
We have a few rules though. Let others talk and listen. There is no discussion about UFO’s Nephilim, Vaccines or conspiracy-type subjects. We have people from around the world with different world views. Not everyone cares who is the President of any particular country. Treat each other with respect as Fellow wrestlers of the word. Some of our subjects are hard to understand and require you to be mature and if you do not know, then listen to gain knowledge and understanding and hopefully wisdom. The very things you are commanded to ask Yehovah for and He gives to those who ask.
Jas 1:5 But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and with no reproach, and it shall be given to him.
We hope you can invite those who want to keep Torah to come and join us by hitting the link below. It is almost like a Torah teaching fellowship talk show with people from around the world taking part and sharing their insights and understandings.
We start off with some music and then some prayers and it’s as though you were sitting around the kitchen back in Newfoundland having a cup of coffee and all of us enjoying each other’s company. I hope you will grace us with your company someday.
Sabbath services begin at 12:30 PM EDT where we will be doing prayers songs and teaching from this hour.
Shabbat Services will begin at about 1:15 pm Eastern.
On the Holy Day, Shavuot, we will be having two meetings. One at 10 AM Eastern and the afternoon will be 2 PM Eastern. Look forward to seeing you all there.
We look forward to you joining our family and getting to know us as we get to know you.
Joseph Dumond is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.
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THE TEMPLE THAT JOSEPHUS KNEW
One of the greatest obstacles to reporting the Abomination That Makes Desolate is that most people do not know where the Temple was, and therefore, they can’t determine what is Holy.
We have uploaded one video about the Garden Tomb and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and a second one about the Mount of Olives. We will also have a third one soon about the Temple Mount and the Golden Gate. We do hope you are watching them on our youtube channel.
I would like to share a couple of the major problems that those who think the Temple was on the Temple Mount have. They cannot reconcile the dimensions of Josephus and others to where the Temple Mount is now. Nor can they escape the problem of where the Gihon Spring is. They will attack Ernest Martin and discredit him but not address these glaring problems that the Temple Mount can’t resolve.
Understanding the Temple was in the City of David will help you understand the Abomination’s location as the Most Holy Place. This is taken from The Temples Jerusalem Forgot by Ernest Martin.
THE TEMPLE THAT JOSEPHUS KNEW
ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS for those who wish to know the location of the Temple of Herod (and consequently those of Solomon and Zerubbabel) is to pay attention to the eyewitness accounts of the Jewish priest/historian, Josephus. Not only was he one who observed the Temple for himself, he was a priest who had access to all areas of the Temple (save the Holy of Holies) and he had within his reach all of the historical documents that the Jews in the early first century maintained in Jerusalem. Besides that, in his accounts of the fall of Jerusalem and the Temple, he dedicated his works to Titus (the Roman general and later emperor) and to Herod Agrippa the Second who were both eyewitnesses to the state of affairs in Jerusalem before and after the war. They would have known whether Josephus was telling the truth about the Temple or if he was “pulling his punches” and that he greatly exaggerated his descriptions of the Temple of Herod.
It ought to be apparent to any reasonable person that the narratives of Josephus (especially when they are consistent with one another, and they are in regard to the Temple) should be given a great deal of credence in letting us know the facts of what pre-war Jerusalem and the Temple were like. If one would simply let Josephus state the evidence that he gives (and believe him), the true site of the Temple of Herod would have been recognized long ago. The truth is, Josephus describes a Temple that was very different than what modern scholars assume to be the fact. In no way does Josephus have in mind the remains of the Haram esh-Sharif when he spoke about the Temple of Herod that once existed in Jerusalem. Josephus had an altogether different building complex in mind when he spoke of the Temple.
Before we look at the clear and illuminating description of the Temple of Herod (and his historical analysis of the building of the structure from the time of Solomon), we should be aware of one geographical feature associated with the Temple that all Jewish people would have taken for granted (and so did Josephus) that the priest/historian did not believe it was necessary to mention as being a necessary part of the Temple complex. Two foreigners, however (one from Egypt about 300 years before Josephus, and one Roman who lived in the time of Josephus), felt it was essential to mention a cardinal feature of the Temple around which the whole structure was able to maintain its holiness and represent the very House of God on earth. That was the mention of a natural spring of water that was found within the precincts of the Temple to provide the needed water supplies (both ritualistically and for ordinary cleaning purposes) that any ”House of God” would have to have in order to function as a suitable residence of God on earth or in heaven. Let us notice what these two foreigners had to say about the Temple and its furniture and the necessary facility that made the building a holy and divine Sanctuary that could adequately represent the “House of God” on earth.
The first witness is that of Aristeas who came from Egypt to Jerusalem about 300 years before the time of Josephus. He leaves us a report of what he saw with his own eyes. Notice that he makes a point of the fact that inside the Temple area “the water supply is inexhaustible since there is an abundant natural spring that gushes out from inside the Temple area.” 636 Tacitus, the Roman, said the same.
“The Temple resembled a fortress and had its own walls, which were more laboriously constructed than the others. Even the colonnades with which it was surrounded formed an admirable outer defense. It contained an inexhaustible spring.” 637
636 Letter of Aristeas, emphases mine.
637 Tacitus, History, V, 11-12.
Readers, the only spring in the Jerusalem area (and there is no other for at least five miles in any direction) is that known in the Holy Scriptures as the Gihon Spring. That natural spring that gave an inexhaustible supply of spring water was, according to Aristeas and Tacitus, WITHIN THE VERY PRECINCTS OF THE TEMPLE! And this is the truth! The fact that this well-known singular spring was IN the Temple shows its Gihon location. It was an indispensable requirement that for a fully equipped building that would resemble on earth God’s divine House in heaven, that building had to contain a natural spring where purified water could be obtained for certain essential rituals that demanded such things. True, we know that in the time of the Hasmoneans (the Maccabees) and also in that of Pilate, there were two aqueducts that brought water from south of Bethlehem to the Temple and the Fort Antonia area to supplement the ordinary water sources found in Jerusalem. But these two aqueducts were built because of an expanding population and they were built after the time of Aristeas.
The original supply of water for the Temple was from the “inexhaustible spring” that was found within the walls of the Temple at Jerusalem. This was the Gihon Spring (the only spring in Jerusalem). This was the original (and only) spring that was located within the Temple walls. Now note this. The Gihon Spring is situated just over 1000 feet south of the Dome of the Rock and it is even about 600 feet south of the southern wall of the Haram esh-Sharif. When, in a moment, we review Josephus’ description of the Temple and its outer walls, we must understand that we will be reading about a building that had the Gihon Spring in its confines and was almost a quarter of a mile south of the Dome of the Rock. The two areas will be utterly different from one another.
Josephus’ Description of the Temple
The first thing that Josephus does is to show what the mountain was like on top of which Solomon built the Temple in his time. Remember that this was formerly the area of the threshing floor of Oman who sold the area to King David so that he could construct the Sanctuary of God on its summit. Though Josephus is describing events that happened a thousand years before his time, he was still giving information about the precise spot where the Temple of Herod had been built. There was no doubt to Josephus, or the Jewish authorities at his time, that Herod’s Temple was still constructed in the same general area as that of Solomon’s (though enlarged very much from Solomon’s Temple). So, what Josephus is stating is a description of the former hill on which Solomon began to build his Temple. What Josephus states is very instructive, and in no way can it be said that he is describing any area around the present Dome of the Rock or anywhere in the region of the Haram esh-Sharif. Note what Josephus stated.
‘The Temple was seated on a strong hill, the level area on its summit originally barely sufficed for shrine [the Holy of Holies and the Holy Place] and the altar [the Altar of Burnt Offering], the ground around it being precipitous and steep.” 638
638 War V.5,l.
Notice carefully that the Temple was first constructed on a “strong hill.” It was a steep hill that was pretty easy to defend because of its precipitous features. Note that the area on top was surrounded by cliffs that went downslope in a manner that was “precipitous and steep.” The area on top of this strong hill was not large. It was so constrained in its top area that “its summit barely Uust barely] sufficed for shrine and the altar.” How much space was this on top of this strong and precipitous hill that had steep sides all around? Since the Holy of Holies, Holy Place and Altar of Burnt Offering that Solomon built (as Josephus stated) was about 130 cubits (195 feet) in length: The Holy of Holies was 60 cubits long (90 feet); the porch in front of the shrine (the Holy Place) was 20 cubits long (30 feet); and the altar was located southwest of the Holy Place some 30 cubits away (that is, 10 cubits between the porch and the laver, the laver was l 0 cubits wide, and then another 10 cubits to the western side of the Altar of Burnt Offering), and then the Altar of Burnt Offering itself was a square of 20 cubits (30 feet), makes a space of about 130 cubits in length (195 feet) from west to east. Since we find that Solomon also built his palace and judgment hall just to the south of the Temple, and on this particular hill that Josephus called a “strong hill,” the width of the summit area must also have measured about 130 cubits from north to south. This made an exact square as a platform.
How high was this strong hill on which Solomon built the original Temple, his palace and government buildings? Josephus said Solomon built an east wall (or embankment) that reached upwards from the very base of the hill (that is, from the bottom of the Kedron Valley) for 300 cubits (450 feet). This eastern embankment (or wall) ascended upward from the base (from the very floor of the Kedron Valley) until it reached an altitude at the level area on top of the mountain. This eastern precinct (between the top of the hill and this artificial embankment that Solomon built in the east and directly over the Kedron Valley) was then filled in with earth, stones and bigger rocks until this eastern embankment reached the top of the hill some 450 feet above the floor of the Kedron Valley. Josephus tells us that Solomon filled in (in the Bible the Hebrew states he made the “Millo” – a “filled in” area) with earth and stones. Thus, the steep and precipitous area between the top of the hill and the embankment that Solomon erected out of the floor of the Kedron Valley was completely “filled in.” Let us see how Josephus describes this very activity of Solomon.
“But king Solomon, the actual founder of the Temple, having walled up the eastern side, a single portico [colonnade] was reared on this made ground [on top of this artificial ‘fill in’]; on its other sides [north, west, south] the sanctuary remained exposed [no walls were built by Solomon on these three sides]. In course of ages, however, through the constant additions of the people to the embankment, the hilltop by this process of leveling up widened [they ‘filled in’ more areas]. They further broke down the north wall [a later activity that was done by Herod] and thus took in an area as large as the whole Temple enclosure subsequently occupied. Then, after having enclosed the hill from its base [from the floor of the Kedron and Tyropoeon valleys] with a wall on three sides [after Solomon’s time the Israelites built the north, west and south walls], and accomplished a task greater than they could ever have hoped to achieve – a task upon which long ages were spent by them as well as all their sacred treasures, though replenished by the tributes offered to God from every quarter of the world – they built around the block the upper courts and the lower Temple enclosure [the final Temple of Herod was shaped like a square block]. The latter, where its foundations were lowest, they built up from 300 cubits [450 feet high]; at some spots this figure was exceeded.” 639
Though Josephus said that the four walls supporting the Temple in his time was shaped as a square block of stones reaching up on the east side to 450 feet (and in some places even higher) from the floor of the Kedron Valley, he showed that most of the eastern part of the Temple was built over the earth and rock “fill in” that Solomon and later Israelites placed within the eastern embankment (and finally within the embankments caused by the building of the other three walls on the north, west and south). This square block of supportive walls with an abundance of “fill in” material appeared (as we will soon see) as a 40 to 45 story tower that arose out of the floor of the Kedron Valley and with its southern and northern sides extended westward over the ridge between the Kedron and Tyropoeon Valleys. Indeed, the western wall [or side] of the Temple [this square blocked tower] also arose out of the Tyropoeon Valley (though the western side was not as high). But even besides the external visible parts of the four walls surrounding the Temple tower, there were also a great number of foundation stones that supported the Sanctuary structure that could not be seen because they were built below ground. Josephus continues:
“The whole depth of the foundations was, however, not apparent [not all of the foundation stones of the Temple could be seen]; for they [Israelites over the ages] filled up a considerable part of the ravines [the Kedron and the Tyropoeon Valleys] wishing to level the narrow alleys of the town. Blocks of stone were used in the building measuring 40 cubits (60 feet long]; for lavish funds and popular enthusiasm led to incredible enterprises, and a task seemingly interminable was through perseverance and in time actually achieved.” 640
This does not end the description of the Temple by Josephus. He goes into much more elaborate detail that highlights the actual appearance of the Temple and its walls. The whole complex had the appearance of a square blocked tower that was 400 hundred cubits square at the summit of its construction (a Greek stadium in length on each side, or 600 feet by 600 feet). At the summit (which was 300 cubits high or 450 feet) Herod built a level platform on which he constructed four colonnades with roadways on top to surround the square block. In the interior of this platform (indeed, Josephus said “in its center”) Herod built the Sanctuary itself with its outer courts on the east and its inner courts (those of the priests and the Holy of Holies) on the west. The whole structure rose up to a height of a modern skyscraper some 40 to 45 stories above the extreme depths of the Kedron Valley. This was nowhere near the Dome of the Rock.
The Prodigious Heights of the Temple Walls
Let us look further at the eyewitness accounts of Josephus that tell us about the dimensions of the Temple of Herod and where its walls were positioned in the first century. We should start with a further description of the east wall. Josephus said the foundation of that wall was built by Solomon and was still in existence in the time of Herod. Though Josephus seems to say the eastern wall was a creation of Solomon, he may only mean that its early foundational stones were those of Solomon.641 There were also enlargements to the Temple in the time of Simon the Hasmonean. We also know that Herod in his time extended the eastern wall northward from the original wall that he found in existence at his time. Whatever the case, the southeast corner of this wall was located at the extreme bottom of the Kedron Valley – right in the very floor of the valley. Josephus did not say it was located over half way up the west slope of the Kedron Valley as is the southeastern corner of the Haram. He said it was situated at the very bottom (or at the “foot”) of the Kedron Valley.
641 There is the statement in the Septuagint Version of Sirach that Simon, the son of Onias, in the early third century B.C.E., was responsible for making more foundational stones and “doubling the height” of the Temple walls. This Simon (often identified with the extraordinary powerful High Priest called Simon the Righteous) also made the Temple into a mighty fortress with battlements at intervals along the walls. See LXX, Ecclesiasticus 50: 1-2, also Charles, Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, vol.I, p.507
“He [Solomon] also built a wall below, beginning at the bottom [‘at the foot’ of the eastern hill, Loeb translation] which was encompassed by a deep valley [the Kedron].” 642
642 Antiquities XV.11,3.
It is time to pay attention to these accounts of Josephus. This position for the wall in the valley floor (at the very foot of the slope of the Kedron Valley) required that a type of manmade channel or viaduct be constructed to direct water around the eastern wall from rains or melting snow. This allowed water to flow in a conduit that avoided undermining the southeastern angle of Solomon’s (and Herod’s) Temple.
One of the reasons Solomon placed the foundation of his eastern wall at the bottom of the ravine was to give the appearance of height and impressiveness to the completed structure. The fact that Solomon placed the foundation of the east wall in the floor of the Kedron Valley is confirmed by Josephus in his account of the Roman general Pompey in his attack against the Temple in 63 B.C.E. (this was before Herod and his rebuilding activities).
“At this treatment Pompey was very angry, and took Aristobulus into custody. And when he was come to the city [Jerusalem], he looked about where he might make his attack. He saw the walls were so firm, that it would be hard to overcome them. The valley before the walls was terrible [for depth]; and that the temple, which was within that valley, was itself encompassed with a very strong wall, insomuch that if the city were taken, that temple would be a second place of refuge for the enemy to retire to.” 643
643 War I. 7, I.
There is no ambiguity in this reference. Josephus cites historical records giving eyewitness accounts of what former people saw concerning the position of the eastern wall of the Temple. Pompey observed that the foundation of the eastern wall was located within the lowest part of the precipitous ravine. It was at the very bottom.
The walls Pompey saw in this reference were not those around the Haram esh-Sharif. It is evident to anyone who presently views the walls of the Haram that its southeastern angle is not down in the very floor of the Kedron Valley. Indeed, the southeastern corner of the Haram is conspicuously located over half way up the west side of the Kedron slope. And farther north at the northeastern angle of the Haram, the walls of the Haram are situated at the very top of the ridge. Pompey, however, saw very different walls than those perched near or on top of the slope. The eastern wall of the Temple that Pompey saw (and that he referred to) had its foundations at the floor of the Kedron Valley – in the very bottom of the ravine. Even the entire northern wall of the Temple (from its northeast corner to its northwest corner) was viewed by Josephus as being of “tremendous depth. “644
644 War I.7,3.
But the southeastern angle of the walls surrounding the Temple was even higher in elevation. That southeastern corner of Solomon’s and Herod’s Temple wall towered high above the very floor of the Kedron Valley. Josephus said that in his time this eastern angle of the wall was on the average 300 hundred cubits in height ( 450 feet, as high as a 40 to 45 story building). What? Could Josephus really mean this? It appears ridiculous in the extreme to some scholars that the walls surrounding the Haram esh-Sharif could ever have been that high. Yes, indeed, this would be the case if people consider the southeast angle of the Haram as the corner wall of the Temple Josephus was referring as an eyewitness. That southeast angle of the Haram could never have been that high, nor was it located directly in the very floor of the Kedron Valley. The truth is, however, Josephus is not speaking of the eastern wall of the Haram or of its southeast angle. The wall to which Josephus referred was 450 feet in height. Note again what he said:
“The latter [the eastern wall], where its foundations were lowest, they built up from a depth of three hundred cubits; at some spots this figure was exceeded.” 645
645 War V.5,1, Loeb translation.
Yes, the eastern wall of the Temple was even higher than 450 feet in some places! Moreover, Josephus went on to say that this awesome height of the eastern wall of the Temple was exceeded at the southeastern angle. He indicated the southeastern comer of the wall, up to the highest point of the Temple (perhaps this means to the top of the “pinnacle” [wing] of the Temple where the New Testament states Satan took Jesus), had a height of no less than 400 cubits (it reached upward 600 feet above the very bottom of the Kedron Valley floor). Josephus said:
“He [Solomon] made that Temple which was beyond this a wonderful one indeed, and such as exceeds all description in words; nay, if I may so say, is hardly believed upon sight; for when he had filled up great valleys with earth, which, on account of their immense depth, could not be looked on when you bent down to see them without pain, and had elevated the ground four hundred cubits [600 feet], he made it to be on a level with the top of the mountain on which the Temple was built.” 646
646 Antiquities VIII.3,9.
Josephus went on to say: “This wall was itself the most prodigious work that was ever heard of by man.”647
647 Antiquities XV.11,3.
This wall of the Temple at its southeast angle was 600 feet high from the lowest of the foundation stones to the top of the colonnades located at the southeast corner (or perhaps the 600 feet included the height of the “pinnacle” which could mean the extended height of the “Royal Cloister” that was located on the southern wall and reached to the eastern wall).
Whatever the case, even the eastern wall of the Temple at its northeast angle was also extremely high, and we are told by Josephus that this corner was located directly over the Kedron Valley (not up on the ridge and away from the slope of the Kedron as is that of the Haram esh-Sharif).
“The Romans also burnt the whole northern portico [colonnade] right up to that on the east, where the angle [northeastern angle of the Temple wall] connecting the two was built over the ravine called the Kedron, the depth at that point being consequently terrific.” 648
648 War Vl.3,2 Loeb ed.
This description by Josephus is very different from that associated with the northeast corner of the present Haram esh-Sharif. The present northeast angle of the Haram is located on top of the ridge. Indeed, it is on a flat part of the ridge. It is actually about 100 feet west of the slope that goes down into the Kedron. The simple truth is, these two northeast corners belong to two different walls that surround two different facilities. When Josephus spoke of the eastern wall of the Temple with its southeast and northeast angles, he was not in any manner referring to those angles in the walls now surrounding the Haram esh-Sharif.
And as far as the southeastern corner of the Temple wall is concerned, modern scholars can hardly believe that one must measure 600 feet downward from the “pinnacle” to reach the lowest of the foundation stones of the Temple wall in the floor of the Kedron Valley. As a comparison in height, this eastern wall would have been 120 feet higher than the top of the great pyramid of Cheops in Egypt (the largest and highest of the pyramids). And remember, Josephus was reporting these measurements concerning the walls of the Temple as an eyewitness. He was writing his book to King Agrippa and others in the royal family (plus to Titus the Roman emperor) who were also eyewitnesses to these immense and awesome dimensions of the Temple walls.
Josephus, as a historian/priest, had been to the Temple many times and he observed the enormous height of the southeast angle directly over the Kedron, and the northeast angle also of great height (though not quite as high) located directly over the Kedron Valley as well. Notice the superlatives in language Josephus used in describing this wonderful and majestic scene of this precipitous eastern wall that supported the “pinnacle” of the Temple at its southeast angle.
“This cloister [that is, the southeast corner of the southern colonnade] deserves to be mentioned better than any other under the sun. For while the valley was very deep, and its bottom could not be seen, if you looked from above into the depth, this farther vastly high elevation of the colonnade stood upon that height, insomuch that if anyone looked down from the top of the battlements, or down both these altitudes, he would be giddy, while his sight could not reach to such a great depth.” 649
649 Antiquities XV .11,5.
So high was the southern colonnade at the southeast corner of the Temple wall that Josephus said the Temple (when looked at from the south of Jerusalem) could be seen for “a great many furlongs. “650
650 Antiquities XV.11,3.
Josephus was describing the final architectural aspects of Herod’s Temple, but he acknowledged many of these features were associated with the original Temple of Solomon.651 Of course, Solomon’s Temple was nowhere as large as Herod’s Temple finally became. Indeed, the Jewish authorities after the time of Alexander the Great enlarged the size of Solomon’s original design by doubling the height of the walls,652 and that Herod himself made the Temple larger still.
651 While Josephus said in War V.5,1 that the top of the eastern wall of Herod’s Temple was 300 cubits’ above the Kedron Valley (or higher in places), he said in Antiquities VIII.3,9 the height was 400 cubits (that is 100 cubits higher). Reading the texts carefully means that the extra 100 cubits (of the 400 cubits’ measurement) remained below ground because “the whole depth of the foundations was not evident; for they filled up a considerable part of the ravines” (War V.5,l). And inAntiquities VlII.3,9, Josephus said Solomon “filled up great valleys with earth.” This means Solomon actually filled in with earth the original Kedron Valley (to the height of 100 cubits) and then on top of this foundational “fill-in,” his east wall ascended another 300 cubits exposed to the air up to the top of the Temple wall. However, we are told that it was Simon, the son of Onias, in the early third century B.C.E. who actually doubled the height of the walls around the Temple (see Ecclesiasticus 50: 1-2). Josephus may be including this further heightening of the Temple walls by Simon in his description. Whatever the historical truth, Josephus was certainly giving proper dimensions for the eastern wall of Herod’s Temple of which he was an eyewitness. Did Josephus include the height of the “pinnacle” in his 400 cubits height at the southeast angle? The word “pinnacle” actually means “wing” (or side building) and it may have been a scenic view area and not a “tower.” There is no ritualistic or symbolic reason shown in the Bible why a “tower” had to be at that corner. If there were a “tower” at that spot (as we have illustrated as a possibility), it was only for aesthetic and/or observational purposes.
652 Ecclesiasticus 50: 1.
We have an eyewitness account from the man named Hecateus who visited Jerusalem near the time of Alexander the Great. He said that Solomon’s platform for the Temple was only 150 feet wide.653 You will remember that in the time of Herod, the Temple platform on which the Temple stood was a square of 600 feet on each side. Herod doubled the size of the Temple that was in his day. Josephus said he “enlarged the surrounding area to double its former extent [that is, double the size of the Temple which was in existence in his time].” 654 Josephus said such extensions were made over the ages since the time of Solomon. But even the smaller lateral dimensions of Solomon’s earlier Temple were grand and awe-inspiring. Josephus said:
653 “The Jews have only one fortified city; they call it Jerusalem. Nearly in the center of the city stands a stone wall [of the Temple], enclosing an area about 500 feet long and 150 feet broad, approached by a pair of gates” (Josephus, Contra Apion I.22).
654 War l.2 I , I.
“He [Solomon] made that Temple which was beyond this a wonderful one indeed, and such as exceeds all description in words; nay, if I may so say, is hardly believed upon sight; for when he had filled up great valleys with earth, which, on account of their immense depth, could not be looked on when you bent down to see them without pain, and had elevated the ground four hundred cubits, he made it to be on a level with the top of the mountain on which the Temple was built.” 655
655 Antiquities Vlll.3,9.
In giving these large dimensions of height for the Temple walls (which he considered so outstanding and full of grandeur), Josephus readily admitted that most people who had never seen the Temple would have expressed disbelief at these enormous measurements. But Josephus was dedicating this very work to King Agrippa and to the Emperor Titus who were both eyewitnesses as well to the enormity of the height of the Temple walls. There is no reason to doubt Josephus’ evaluation when he said the eastern wall of the Temple “exceeds all descriptions in words.” He also said: “the wall was itself the most prodigious work that was ever heard of by man.”656 In stating these facts, Josephus admitted that the “immense depths” of the dimensions of the eastern wall could be “hardly believed.”
656 Antiquities XV.I 1,3
To Josephus the whole vista was wonderful beyond compare. And without doubt, this precipitous eastern wall of the Temple was truly a glorious work of art. The Temple platform was at the top of these steep walls. The Temple (on its square platform) was viewed as perched on top of a perfectly squared TOWER that reached upward 40 to 45 stories like a modem skyscraper occupying a square block of area in New York or Chicago. This square-shaped TOWER was located 600 feet south of the southern wall of Fort Antonia and it was connected to the fort by two arched bridges positioned side-by-side that attached the northwestern comer of the square Temple platform with the southwestern comer of Antonia. It was a magnificent sight to behold.
What Is Modern Opinion of these Statements?
The majority of historians today stand back in utter disbelief in what these eyewitness accounts of Josephus attest. Most modern scholars cannot believe that there is any veracity in Josephus’ narratives of these wonderful dimensions of the Temple described in his early accounts. They simply brush aside the information and suggest that Josephus was simply up to his old tricks of exaggeration. They think the poor guy must have been out of his mind!
This has to be the case from their point of view because when one looks at the present southeast angle of the Haram esh-Sharif (which they imagine to be the southeast corner of the Temple walls), it could in no way fit any of these descriptions of Josephus that we read in the above references. Prof. George Adam Smith, one of the great authorities of early Jerusalem, said: “The dimensions which Josephus gives are not trustworthy, nor reconcilable with the Haram area.”657 That’s right, what Josephus reported will not fit the Haram esh-Sharif in any way, shape or form. As one point of fact, the southeast corner of the Haram has its foundations over half way to the top of the western slope of the Kedron, not down in the floor of the valley as Josephus states the actual Temple walls were located.
657 – Jerusalem, vol.I, p.231.
Indeed, if one were to transfer the dimensions of the Temple and its walls mentioned by Josephus to the area of the Haram, then the platform on which the Temple was built would have been 300 cubits ( 450 feet) above the base of the southeast comer. Note how this is an impossible figure. Recall that on top of the platform of the Haram, one would also have to place the “pinnacle” of the Temple. If these measurements of Josephus were true (and if one applied them to the present Haram and its walls), the Temple platform on which the Temple was built would be almost 200 feet higher than the summit of the Mount of Olives! Ouch! Such a prospect must be acknowledged as a complete absurdity.
Even the lateral dimensions of the Temple walls as given by Josephus (a square of 600 feet) will not fit harmoniously with the Haram walls. Indeed, the square of the actual Temple could be placed over the area of the Dome of the Rock, there would still be plenty of room on all sides of the Haram platform. Besides that, if scholars place the Temple as described by Josephus onto the platform of the Haram, it would be like seeing a 40 to 45 story building on that platform. This is a ridiculous assessment. Besides, Josephus tells us in the clearest of language that the southeastern corner of Herod’s Temple wall went directly down into the floor of the Kedron Valley and that the northeastern wall also did the same thing (though not quite as high above the Kedron).
The fact remains that the Haram esh-Sharif and its four rectangular walls surrounding it, are not the walls of the Temple nor is the Haram the region where the Temple was located. The Haram clearly fits the spot of Fort Antonia, and Josephus tells us that the southern wall of Antonia was precisely one stade (600 feet) north of the northern wall of the Temple.658
658 War VI.2,6.
Josephus said the fortress was so high and large that Antonia obscured from sight the whole Temple by those approaching Jerusalem directly from the north. Since these geographical indications represent the conclusions of an eyewitness, these affirmations would be nonsensical if one placed the Temple measurements mentioned by Josephus within the Haram.
The truth is, the scholars have simply selected the wrong site for the Temple. The Haram is the site of Fort Antonia. But, if one viewed the southeastern corner of the wall of the actual Temple as having its foundation at the very floor of the Kedron Valley and just south of the Gihon Spring, then Josephus’ descriptions make perfectly good sense.
The Temple’s Southeastern Angle in the Valley Floor
Solomon (and later Herod) had to place the southeastern corner of the Temple walls at the very bottom of the Kedron Valley. There was an essential reason for this. The Temple had to have a particular fixture within its boundaries for Sanctuary rituals to function properly, and also for the Temple to represent the physical example of God’s Palace on earth. What was this feature? It was the biblical requirement that the Temple have a natural spring positioned within its borders. There are numerous scriptural evidences that prove this point.
There was only one spring in Jerusalem and that natural spring is called the Gihon located slightly upslope from the extreme floor of the Kedron Valley on its western side. In order for the Temple to have this spring within its precincts, Solomon had to place it inside his east wall. To do this, the king began an awesome and enormous building enterprise. It was in the nature of Solomon (and later, Herod the Great) to overcome what experts of their times considered impossible obstacles.
Undeterred by topographical problems he had to encounter, Solomon (according to Josephus) started to construct the foundation for the eastern wall of the Temple just east and south of the Gihon Spring in the very floor of the Kedron Valley. The wall was then elevated upward. At first Solomon may have built up the wall about half way to the top of the ridge, and later (in the time of Simon, son of Onias) the wall was built higher to be double its former vertical dimension. 659 Solomon, or later people, also extended the wall northward along the western slope of the Valley. As it continued its northward course, the foundation part of the wall started to ascend alongside the west slope of the Kedron Valley where the valley began to turn slightly eastward. The eastern wall finally reached its northeast angle. From that angle, the wall turned westward to reach to the top of the ridge separating the Kedron and Tyropoeon Valleys. At a later time, this northern wall was extended farther westward toward the Tyropoeon Valley. Even later (in the time of Herod), this north wall was even tom down and another replaced it farther north. 660
659 See Ecclesiasticus 50: I where it is recorded about “doubling the height” of the former Temple walls.
660 War V.5, I.
The top of the crest of this ridge between the Kedron and Tyropoeon Valleys on which the north wall was built was about 2300 feet above sea level, according to Charles Wilson’s survey (which is the standard I use in this book).661 This crest of the ridge would be about 450 feet above the floor of the Kedron Valley (assuming this to be its pristine or pre-alluvium state). It would mean the top of this northern wall would have been 120 feet higher than the bedrock of the crest. 662 This height would reach the top of the colonnades surrounding the foursquare Temple. This height of the north wall of the Temple was why Herod provided two level roadways from the top of the Temple colonnades directly northward to Fort Antonia. 663 The southern wall of the Temple would have been about 160 feet above the crest of the north/south ridge over which the Temple was situated.
661 This Ordinance Survey was made under the command of Captain Charles Wilson for the Ordinance Survey Office in the United Kingdom for 1864/5.
662 What was the elevation above sea level of the absolute floor of the Kedron Valley in the time of Solomon? Of course, no one knows. The present level opposite the Gihon Spring is about 2100 feet above sea level. But there has been a considerable amount of alluvial fill-in from the various destructions of Jerusalem since the time of Solomon. It appears that Josephus tells us that there were I 00 cubits ( 150 feet) of foundational walls on the Temple’s east side that were below surface in his day. I have taken the 300 cubits ( 450 feet) that Josephus said was exposed to the air for the southeast angle to begin at about 1970 feet above sea level. This would mean the top of the Temple walls would be just about 2420 feet above sea level. This level for the top of the colonnades makes it even with the platform of the Haram esh-Sharif (which is the esplanade area of the former Fort Antonia). This would allow the top of the two colonnade roadways from Fort Antonia to the Temple to be level at about 2420 feet above sea level. The measurements given in this book are based on this assumption. Until archaeological investigation is done to solve the problem of the ancient heights of ridges or the depths of valleys in and around Jerusalem within their various time periods, this value will probably work as good as any.
663 The top of the northern wall of the outer Temple (at the juncture with these two colonnades from Fort Antonia) was at about 160 feet in height above the rocky ground of the crest of the ridge. If there were no colonnade bridges spanning this area between the north Temple wall and the south wall of Fort Antonia, then the troops from Fort Antonia would have had to descend to the ground level of the rocky ridge and then, when they reached the north wall of the Temple, climb steps upward for at least 120 feet in order to reach the platform on which the Temple was built. Such a thing would provide little or no military advantage to any troops coming from Antonia. But Herod had the two bridges built from the southwest comer of Antonia practically on a level to the northwest comer to the outer Temple colonnades (and none but military forces could use such bridges). And another point. If it were necessary (though it was not) to position the Holy of Holies over the exposed surface of an outcropping of natural rock (like the “Rock” under the Dome of the Rock), that “Rock” would have been 120 feet below the floor of the Holy of Holies. One would have to invent stairs to reach it. There was, of course, no such requirement.
Depending on the area, the four walls surrounding the Temple were either 450 feet high to around 160 feet high where the north wall crossed the crest of the ridge between the Kedron Valley and the Tyropoeon Valley. Josephus describes how these walls were built and placed into operation over the ages.
“When King Solomon, who was the person that built the Temple, had built a wall to it on its east side, there was then added one cloister [a colonnade on top] founded on a bank cast up for it, and on the other parts the holy house stood naked [its other three walls around it had not been built by Solomon]; but in future ages the people added new banks [they built the other three walls and filled in the vacant space to make a large raised platform on top], and the hill became a larger plain. Then they broke down the wall on the north side [in the time of Herod], and took in as much as sufficed afterward for the compass of the entire Temple. When they had built walls on three sides of the Temple round about from the bottom of the hill [from the floor of the Kedron Valley] and had performed a work that was greater than could be hoped for.” 664
664 War V.5,1.
The reason such a prodigious building was constructed with walls of immense heights (as a TOWER) was so the Temple could be built on a platform positioned over the Gihon Spring at the bottom of the valley. The Gihon Spring had to be within the Temple for the Sanctuary to function properly. (I have thoroughly explained why the Spring had to be a part of the Temple in a further chapter.)
Of course, the Temple itself could not use all the water that erupted periodically from the Gihon Spring. To account for this overflow, Solomon constructed a conduit that exited from the bottom of the Temple wall. The viaduct led southward along the western slope of the Kedron Valley, sometimes in an open trench and at other times within an enclosed pipe. Much of the water flowed out through an aperture in the wall acting as a spout to exit the Temple area. The water then descended into the conduit alongside the Kedron Valley to flow southward into a pool.
Several Psalms in the Holy Scriptures speak of this water that came forth from the Temple which the people could use for their benefit. But in the time of Hezekiah (when the Assyrians were encamped in front of Jerusalem), Hezekiah closed the aperture at the bottom of the Temple wall. Before doing this, he had his engineers design and construct a tunnel underneath Mount Zion that brought the water into the southwestern part of the city.
“This same Hezekiah closed the upper outlet of the waters of Gihon [the waters exited through the southern wall of the Temple] and directed them down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.” 665
665 II Chronicles 32:30, Revised Standard Version.
This “upper outlet” which Hezekiah closed up was that spout that ejected water through the southern wall of the Temple that Solomon had built. Hezekiah closed up that aperture in the Temple wall and directed the water via his new tunnel to the western part of the city during the siege.
As I said, it was necessary to have a natural spring within the Temple precincts. Though spring waters could be transported to the site by aqueduct, Solomon had the Gihon Spring nearby and he used those waters exclusively. The region of the Haram had no natural spring in that northern area. True, there were cisterns aplenty, but there was no natural spring, and this was a requisite feature demanded in the Scriptures. The foundational walls of the Haram were also built near the top of the ridge on the west side of the Kedron Valley. But Josephus and the other historical sources inform us that Solomon began to build his Temple wall at the floor of the Kedron Valley. This is a most significant point that needs emphasizing.
“He [Solomon] also built a wall below, beginning at the bottom [of the Kedron ravine] which was encompassed by a deep valley. At the south side he laid stones together, and bound them one to another with lead, and included some of the inner parts till it proceeded to a great height, and till both the largeness of the square edifice and its altitude were immense. The vastness of the stones in the front were plainly visible on the outside yet so that the inward parts were fastened together with iron, and preserved the joints immovable for future times. When this work was done in this manner, and joined together as part of the hill itself to the very top of it, he wrought it all into one outward surface. He filled up the hollow places that were about the wall, and made it a level on the external upper surface, and a smooth level also. [Later], this hill was walled all round, and in compass four stades [a stade was 600 feet], each angle [of the square] containing in length a stade [it was a square of 600 feet on each side]. But within this wall and 011 the very top of all, there ran another wall of stone also having 011 the east quarter a double cloister [colonnade] of the same length with the wall; in the midst of which was the Temple itself. ” 666
666 Antiquities XV.11,3.
t is important to note that this colonnade built on the eastside of the Temple courts was itself considered a wall. In the time of Herod, this meant the colonnade surrounding the Temple courts had a wall associated with it. That wall had to be located on the inner side of the colonnade roadway (on the Temple side). We are informed that this wall had gates at various intervals that led into the Temple courts. One of those gates in the New Testament is called the “Gate Beautiful.”667
Recall that the colonnade roadway embracing the Temple courts was 30 cubits (45 feet) broad, as wide as a major three or four lane highway today. There was a flat roof on top of the colonnade that was the roadway used by Roman troops.668 Located at the base of the columns was the sheltered roadway that the ordinary worshippers used for entering the Temple. On the exterior side of the colonnade facing away from the Temple courts, there must have been a balustrade to protect people who were walking on the lower roadway from the immense depths that reached downward to the floor of the Kedron Valley. The same balustrade that was a part of the colonnade also protected people from the lesser depths on the other sides of the skyscraper type TOWER that represented the Temple Square.
668 It should be remembered that the roofs of the colonnades, both of the square Temple enclosure and the two colonnade roadways that reached from the Temple to Fort Antonia, were intended to be areas where Roman troops could guard the entrances and exits to the Temple as well as Temple Square itself. Josephus refers to this precise usage of the roofs of the colonnades. He said: · “The usual crowd had assembled at Jerusalem for the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and the Roman cohort had taken up its position on the roof of the portico [colonnade] of the Temple; for a body of men in arms invariably mounts guard at the feasts, to prevent disorders arising from such a concourse of people” (War II.12, 1 italics mine, Loeb translation).
Tacitus, the Roman historian who lived within a generation of the war with the Jews, said:
“The temple resembled a citadel, and had its own walls, which were more laboriously constructed than the others. Even the colonnades with which it was surrounded formed an admirable outwork.” 669
669 Tacitus, History, Book V .10.
Notice that Tacitus said the colonnades were “outwork” – they could be seen from outside the Temple area. There was no outer wall to hide the columns. The wall was actually on the inside of the four colonnades that surrounding the Temple Square.
The view from such colonnade roadways around the Temple must have been spectacular and inspiring. This is precisely what Herod wanted to present to the people who would walk within those colonnade areas. But that was only half of the beautiful prospect that these colonnades presented. When people looked at the Temple structure from a distance of half a mile away (let us say), they would have seen with admiration those prodigious and precipitous walls that were graced at the very top with a splendid colonnade surrounding the main Temple located in the center of the platform. It would have been a magnificent sight to behold. This grand spectacle is no doubt what Herod wanted to provide for the people of Jerusalem. He knew it would equally impress all Jews and Gentiles who came to Jerusalem from other parts of the world. We read in the Talmud: “He who has not seen the Temple of Herod has never in his life seen a beautiful building.”670
670 Baba Bathra 4a.
Scholars and religious authorities today are not aware of these architectural features of the Temple and its walls because they refuse to believe what Josephus said, even though he was an eyewitness. Their problem is because they have selected the wrong spot for the site of the Temple. What Josephus recorded will not fit any of the dimensions of the Haram.
Because scholars wish to focus on the Haram as their Temple site, they normally believe that the colonnades surrounding the Temple Square in Herod’s time must have been open on the interior side to the Temple courts (without any wall separating the Temple courts from the colonnade areas). In truth, however, the exact opposite is the case. It was the interior side of the colonnade walkway that was closed to the pedestrians because it had a wall preventing access to the Temple courts. except at various gates that were placed in the wall. Remember. the colonnades we are told by Josephus were 45 feet wide (30 cubits) and about 38 feet high (25 cubits). In the sheltered lower area among the columns supporting the roof, the normal worshippers going to the Temple (or leaving the Temple) would walk with protection from the rain. etc. On the top of the those colonnades there was the 45 feet roadway surrounding the Temple courts used by Roman troops to govern the crowds that attended the services at the Temple. This had to be the case if the walls were as high as Josephus said they were, and if they enclosed the Gihon Spring within them.