News Letter 5857-020
The 5th Year of the 4th Sabbatical Cycle
The 26th year of the 120th Jubilee Cycle
The 22nd day of the 5th month 5857 years after the creation of Adam
The 4th Sabbatical Cycle after the 119th Jubilee Cycle
The Sabbatical Cycle of Sword, Famines, and Pestilence
1896 Days until the Two Witnesses
398 Days into the 2300 Days Started May 31st, 2020
July 3, 2021
Shabbat Zoom Meeting
There are many people in need of fellowship and who are sitting at home on the Sabbath with no one to talk to or debate with. I want to encourage all of you to join us on Shabbat, and to invite others to come and join us as well. If the time is not convenient then you can listen to the teaching and the midrash after on our youtube channel.
What are we doing and why do we teach this way?
We are going to discuss both sides of an issue and then let you choose. It is the work of the Ruach (Spirit) to direct and to teach you.
The medieval commentator Rashi wrote that the Hebrew word for wrestle (avek) implies that Jacob was “tied”, for the same word is used to describe knotted fringes in a Jewish prayer shawl, the tzitzityot. Rashi says, “thus is the manner of two people who struggle to overthrow each other, that one embraces the other and knots him with his arms”.
Our intellectual wrestling has been replaced by a different kind of struggle. We are Wrestling with Yehovah as we grapple with His Word. It is an intimate act, symbolizing a relationship in which Yehovah and I and you are bound together. My wrestling is a struggle to discover what Yehovah expects of us, and we are “tied” to the One who assists us in that struggle.
Today, many say Israel means “Champion of God”, or better — the “Wrestler of God”.
Our Torah sessions each Shabbat teach you and encouraged you to constantly challenge, question, argue against, as well as view alternative views and explanations of the Word. In other words, we are to “wrestle with the Word” to get to the truth. Jews worldwide believe that you need to wrestle with the Word and constantly challenge Dogma, Theology, and views or else you will never get to the Truth.
We are not like most churches where “The preacher talks and everyone listens.” We encourage everyone to participate, to question and to contribute what they know on the subject being discussed. We want you to be a champion wrestler of the Word of Yehovah. We want you to wear the title of Israel, knowing that you not only know but are capable to explain why you know the Torah to be true with logic and facts.
We have a few rules though. Let others talk and listen. There is no discussion about UFO’s Nephilim, Vaccines or conspiracy-type subjects. We have people from around the world with different world views. Not everyone cares who is the President of any particular country. Treat each other with respect as Fellow wrestlers of the word. Some of our subjects are hard to understand and require you to be mature and if you do not know, then listen to gain knowledge and understanding and hopefully wisdom. The very things you are commanded to ask Yehovah for and He gives to those who ask.
Jas 1:5 But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and with no reproach, and it shall be given to him.
We hope you can invite those who want to keep Torah to come and join us by hitting the link below. It is almost like a Torah teaching fellowship talk show with people from around the world taking part and sharing their insights and understandings.
We start off with some music and then some prayers and it’s as though you were sitting around the kitchen back in Newfoundland having a cup of coffee and all of us enjoying each other’s company. I hope you will grace us with your company someday.
Sabbath July 3, 2021, will be at 1 PM Eastern for our afternoon service.
We look forward to you joining our family and getting to know us as we get to know you.
Joseph Dumond is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.
Topic: Joseph Dumond’s Personal Meeting Room
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Septennial Torah Portion
If you go to Torah Portion at our archived section, you can then go to the 5th year which is the 5th year of the Sabbatical Cycle, the one we are in now, as we state at the top of every News Letter. There you can scroll down to July 3, 2021, and see that this Shabbat we could very well be midrashing about
2 Samuel 15-16
If you missed last week’s exciting discoveries as we studied that section you can go and watch past Shabbats on our media section.
49.6 Degree Celcius Tuesday…..IN CANADA!
I would like you to know and understand that it almost hit 50 degrees here in Canada this week. That is a temperature that we never see. It might be more common in Saudi Arabia, but it is never heard of in Canada. Yet this past Tuesday the town of Lytton hit that mark.
The other thing I have to point out is the anger here in Canada over the residential schools and the many unmarked graves being found. No one has been found guilty of anything. No autopsies have been done to determine the cause of death of any of the graves found. But rumours are rampant and guilty without a trial is being spread by the media and other sources.
EDMONTON — With another plot of unmarked graves found in British Columbia, and a Roman Catholic church burnt to the ground, Wednesday became one more in a series of dark days.
About 30 minutes outside Edmonton, in Morinville, Alta., residents watched in the early morning hours as a century-old Roman Catholic church’s steeple and roof collapsed, surrounded by flames in what Alberta Premier Jason Kenney labelled a potential “hate-crime.”
Several hours later, a site believed to contain some 182 sets of human remains in unmarked graves — the third such site revealed over the past month in this country — was flagged near the location of a former residential school in Cranbrook, B.C.
Both events come at a moment of tension in Canada where many are facing the realities of the residential school system that existed for most of the 20th century and which claimed the lives of at least 4,000 Indigenous children.
Even though speculation has been widespread, no official connection between a string of church burnings that have happened across Canada in recent days and the unmarked grave sites has been made.
But for Arthur Noskey, the Treaty 8 First Nations of Alberta grand chief, churches need protecting, and during a meeting Wednesday, he and other Indigenous leaders discussed having their members appointed as security to do so.
Their reasons for offering that security, however, are not simply about protecting buildings, Noskey suggested.
“These are potential evidence sites,” he told the Star. “We’ll be talking to our members directly and our elders as well.
“I know everybody’s hurting and the whole nation is in an uproar, but you know, for us, the truth is coming out.”
Treaty 8 covers the northern half of Alberta, as well as a swath of British Columbia and Saskatchewan, and is comprised of 39 First Nations communities.
Sites of former residential schools — there were 25 in Alberta — also need to be protected, said Noskey.
There have been a series of church fires since the discovery of 215 unmarked graves near a former residential school in Kamloops in B.C. and another site where 751 unmarked graves were flagged on the Cowessess First Nation in Saskatchewan.
After RCMP said Wednesday that they are investigating the “suspicious” fire that levelled the St. Jean Baptiste church in Morinville, the Alberta premier said it appeared to be a hate-crime and called it “unacceptable.”
With the heatwave bubble over western Canada and North Western USA, the residential school rumours are heating up. Pun intended. Anger is growing and there could very well be more churches torched.
Then today as I go to post more news is coming from the same town that set the record high temperatures this week. Lytton British Columbia.
Residents of Lytton, British Columbia, the Canadian village which recorded the country’s highest ever temperature, 49.6C (121.3F), have been forced to flee by a wildfire. The mayor of Lytton, ordered people to evacuate, saying flames had spread through the village in just 15 minutes. A heatwave has hit western Canada this week, with British Columbia recording three times its usual number of deaths.
Deaths Spike as Heat Wave Broils Canada and the Pacific Northwest
Hyperthermia claimed nearly a dozen lives in one day in one Washington county. A small town in British Columbia set Canada’s heat record at just over 121 degrees Fahrenheit.
By Vjosa Isai, Dan Bilefsky and Shawn Hubler
Published June 30, 2021Updated July 1, 2021, 12:16 a.m. ET
Hundreds of deaths in British Columbia, Washington and Oregon have been linked to a heat wave that has roasted the Pacific Northwest for days and broken Canadian heat records, sending hundreds of thousands of people scrambling for relief.
Lisa Lapointe, British Columbia’s chief coroner, said 486 deaths had been reported there between Friday and Wednesday afternoon — a period in which about 165 deaths would normally be documented. Deaths were expected to increase, she said.
“While it is too early to say with certainty how many of these deaths are heat related, it is believed likely that the significant increase in deaths reported is attributable to the extreme weather B.C. has experienced,” she said.
Oregon’s state medical examiner’s office on Wednesday attributed at least 63 deaths in five days to the punishing heat in that state, including 45 in Multnomah County, which includes Portland — where temperatures have reached a record 116 degrees Fahrenheit.
In Washington, officials reported nearly a dozen lives lost to hyperthermia on Wednesday alone in King County, which includes Seattle; two heat-related deaths were reported there the day before.
In Snohomish County, Wash., at least three people died this week from heatstroke, according to the medical examiner’s office, which added that investigations are pending into at least two more suspected heat-related deaths.
“This was a true health crisis that has underscored how deadly an extreme heat wave can be, especially to otherwise vulnerable people,” Dr. Jennifer Vines, the Multnomah County health officer, said in a statement. “I know many county residents were looking out for each other and am deeply saddened by this initial death toll.”
This year a study found that 37 percent of heat-related deaths could be linked to climate change. Global warming has raised baseline temperatures by nearly 2 degrees Fahrenheit on average since 1900, experts say.
“Climate change is increasing the frequency, intensity and duration of heat waves,” said Kristie Ebi, a professor in the Center for Health and the Global Environment at the University of Washington. “When you look at this heat wave, it is so far outside the range of normal.”
Brethren you and I both know these events are not caused by climate change nor by Global Warming as they claim or would have you believe. These heatwaves and the results they cause are the results of mankind’s living. But not that we are putting carbons in the air. No, they are caused by our father Yehovah being angry with us and fed up with our rebellion and not obeying His laws. He is now punishing us and He is not yet done. He doing it now. Not going to do it. He is doing it now.
I want you to remember exactly what Yehovah warned us He was going to do.
Lev 26:18 And if you will not yet listen to Me for all this, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.
Lev 26:19 And I will break the pride of your power, and I will make your heaven like iron and your earth like bronze.
Lev 26:20 And your strength shall be spent in vain. For your land shall not yield its increase, neither shall the trees of the field yield their fruits.
Lev 26:30 And I will destroy your high places and cut down your images, and throw your carcasses on the carcasses of your idols, and My soul shall despise you.
Lev 26:31 And I will make your cities waste and cause your sanctuaries to be deserted. And I will not smell the savor of your sweet odors.
Lev 26:32 And I will turn the land into wasteland. And your enemies who dwell in it shall be astonished at it.
Lev 26:33 And I will scatter you among the nations, and will draw out a sword after you. And your land shall be waste, and your cities waste.
And while we are here there is this other section of Lev 26 to consider in relation to the world’s news.
Lev 26:23 And if you will not be reformed by Me by these things, but will still walk contrary to Me,
Lev 26:24 then I will walk contrary to you and will punish you seven times more for your sins.
Lev 26:27 And if you will not for all of this listen to Me, but will walk contrary to Me,
Lev 26:29 And you shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters you shall eat.
World Food Program warns of ‘biblical’ famine without action
June 30, 2021, 09:27 AM
‘Ethiopia, Madagascar, South Sudan and Yemen’ are close to famine already, body warns
The head of the UN’s World Food Program warned Wednesday there could be “unprecedented famine of biblical proportions” in dozens of countries without further action to address food shortages.
Speaking at a G20 event on humanitarian aid in Brindisi, Italy, WFP chief David Beasley said world leaders had stepped up last year with funds to help those already struggling when the coronavirus pandemic hit – but must now do so again.
“We thought Covid would be in our rearview mirror by the end of 2020, only to see it recycled, with Delta and other variants taking place,” he said, noting that poorer countries are paying a heavier price.
The WFP, which won the Nobel Peace Prize last year for its work, is appealing for $6 billion to help 41 million people it says are on the edge of famine in 43 countries.
It says famine-like conditions already exist in Ethiopia, Madagascar, South Sudanand Yemen, while Nigeria and Burkina Faso are of particular concern.
“These are not just statistics, these are people with real names… literally on the brink of starvation,” Beasley told a joint press conference with Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio.
Failing to address these issue could lead to increased international instability and migration, he said.
Aid agencies say food shortages driven by conflict, climate change and economic shocks has been exacerbated by the crisis of the coronavirus pandemic.
You Be the Judge
This coming Tishri 1, 2021, just 5 weeks from now, will be the start of the Shmita year if you are following the Hillel Calendar. Those on the Hillel Calendar will be saying it is the year 5782. Again this all begins on the 1st day of Tishri.
Yehovah on the other hand says that the start of the year is the 1st of Aviv. The month when Passover is.
Exo 12:2 This month shall be to you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you.
And if you have been following us here at sightedmoon.com for any length of time at all, you will know this is the year 5857 as declared in each and every newsletter each week. It is the 5857th year since the creation of Adam. But we are not here this week to prove this or are we?
Now, when they believe the year is 5782, all they have to do is divide that number by 7 to see if it is a Shmita year. And viola, 7 goes into that number 826 times. And that is their proof for this year being the Shmita year. And now using this erroneous thinking they then come up with the idea of selling the land that they are farming to an Arab for a dollar.
Let me now share with you what Wiki Pedia has to say about the Shmita year and then I want you who are to judge angels to judge this matter. I am going to quote Wiki Pedia and you can decide what is truth and what is false. I will help a little.
In halakha (Jewish law), produce of the Seventh Year that is subject to the laws of Shmita is called sheviit. Shevi’it produce has sanctity requiring special rules for its use:
- It can only be consumed or used (in its ordinary use) for personal enjoyment
- It cannot be bought, sold, or thrown out.
- It must be used in its “best” manner so as to ensure fullest enjoyment (For example, fruits that are normally eaten whole cannot be juiced).
- It can only be stored so long as naturally-growing plants of the given species can be eaten by animals in the fields. Once a particular species is no longer available in the field, one must rid ones house of it through a process known as biur.
By biblical law, Jews who own land are required to make their land available during the Shmita to anyone who wishes to come in and harvest. If the land is fenced etc., gates must be left open to enable entrance. These rules apply to all outdoor agriculture, including private gardens and even outdoor potted plants. Plants inside a building are exempt. However, the rabbis of the Mishna and Jerusalem Talmud imposed rabbinic ordinances on harvesters to ensure an orderly and equitable process and to prevent a few individuals from taking everything. Harvesters on others’ land are permitted to take only enough to feed themselves and their families.
According to the Mosaic law, grains, fruits, legumes and vegetables are permitted to be eaten in the Seventh Year, yet must they be harvested in an irregular fashion, and only as much as a person might need for his sustenance, without the necessity of hoarding the fruits in granaries and storehouses. It is not permitted to make merchandise of Seventh Year produce.These restrictions are implied by the biblical verse, “You are not to reap the after growth of your harvest, nor gather the grapes of your untended vines” (Leviticus 25:5), and by the supportive verse, “In the Seventh Year you must let it (i.e. the ground) rest and lie fallow, so that the poor among your people may eat from the field and the wild animals may consume what they leave. Do the same with your vineyard and olive grove” (Exodus 23:11). Grain cannot be harvested by using a sickle, nor can a man reap an entire field, or make use of beasts to separate the grain from the husks by treading. Grapes that are on the vine can be taken, sufficient for his immediate needs, but they cannot be pressed in a winepress, but only in a small tub.
When certain farmers began to secretly sow their fields during the Seventh Year and to harvest what they had planted, and to cover-up their action by saying that such produce was a mere after growth from last year’s planting, the Sages of Israel were compelled to enact restrictions on Seventh Year produce and to forbid all aftergrowths (Hebrew: ספיחין) of grain, legumes and those vegetables which are usually planted by mankind, in order to put an end to their deception. Other rabbinic authorities prohibit only the aftergrowths of vegetables, but permit the aftergrowths of legumes and grain. They permitted, however, to pick the fruits of trees that grow of themselves during the Seventh Year, for one’s immediate needs, and to gather such vegetables and herbs that are not normally planted by man, such as wild rue (Ruta chalepensis), either wild asparagus (Asparagus aphyllus) or amaranth (Amaranthus blitum var. silvestre), purslane (Portulaca oleracea), wild coriander (Coriandrum sativum), parsley growing alongside rivers (Apium graveolens), garden rocket growing in marshlands (Eruca sativa), sweet marjoram (Majorana syriaca), white-leaved savory (Micromeria fruticosa), and the like of such things. Had any of these been kept watch over in the courtyard of a house, their aftergrowths would be forbidden to eat in the Seventh Year. Rabbi Nathan ben Abraham permits the gathering of aftergrowths of mustard greens (Sinapsis alba) during the Seventh Year.
An ancient practice in the Land of Israel was to permit the gathering of spring onions which grew of themselves during the Seventh Year, after the first rains had fallen upon them and sprouted.
The laws governing Aftergrowths apply only to crops grown in the Land of Israel.
Proclamation of Chief Rabbi, Rav Avraham Yitzchak HaKohen Kook, Regarding The Importance of Shemitah Observance, and collecting for a communal fund to support those who observe shmita without compromise.
In the late 19th century, in the early days of Zionism, Rabbi Yitzchak Elchanan Spektor came up with a halakhic means of allowing agriculture to continue during the Shmita year. After ruling in favor of Minhag Yerushalayim, that the biblical prohibition consists of not cultivating the land owned by Jews (“your land”, Exodus 23:10), Rabbi Spektor devised a mechanism by which the land could be sold to a non-Jew for the duration of that year under a trust agreement. Under this plan, the land would belong to the non-Jew temporarily, and revert to Jewish ownership when the year was over. When the land was sold under such an arrangement, Jews could continue to farm it. Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, the first Chief Rabbi of British Mandate Palestine, allowed this principle, not as an ideal, but rather as a limited permit for individuals and times which are considered by Halacha of great need (“b’shas hadchak”), which became known as the heter mechira (lit. “sale permit”). Rabbi Kook explained in a lengthy responsum that the ideal is not to rely on the leniency of heter mechira, but rather to observe shmita according to all opinions. He noted that he himself did not rely on the leniency, it was intended only in a limited time of great need, for those unable to observe the shmita without the leniency.
The heter mechira was accepted by Modern Orthodox Judaism and is one of the classic examples of the Modern Orthodox approach toward adapting classical Jewish law to the modern world. However, this approach has not been universally accepted in the Orthodox community and has met with opposition, particularly from Haredi poskim (authorities of Jewish law).
In contemporary religious circles these rabbinic leniencies have received wide but not universal acceptance. In Israel, the Chief Rabbinate obtains permission from all farmers who wish to have their land sold. The land is then legally sold to a non-Jew for a large sum of money. The payment is made by a cheque post-dated to after the end of the Sabbatical year. When the cheque is returned or not honoured at the end of the year the land reverts to its original owners. Thus, the fields can be farmed with certain restrictions.
Although the Orthodox Union’s Kashrut Division accepts Minhag Yerushalayim and hence regards the produce of land owned by non-Jews as ordinary produce, it does not currently rely on the heter mechira because of doubts about whether the trust arrangement involved effects a valid transfer of ownership.
Some Haredi farmers do not avail themselves of this leniency and seek other pursuits during the Shmita year.
Storehouse of the rabbinical court
The ancient idea of an otzar beit din (storehouse of the rabbinical court) is mentioned in the Tosefta (Sheviit 8, 1). Under an otzar beit din, a community rabbinical court supervises harvesting by hiring workers to harvest, store, and distribute food to the community. Members of the community pay the beth din, but this payment represents only a contribution for services, and not a purchase or sale of the food. This Talmudic device was revived in modern times as an alternative to the heter mechira.
Because under this approach land cannot be sown but existing plants can be tended and harvested, the approach is applied to orchards, vineyards, and other perennial crops. A beit din, or rabbinical court supervising the process, hires farmers as its agents to tend and harvest the crops, and appoints the usual distributors and shopkeepers as its agents to distribute them. Individual consumers appoint the court and its designees as their agents and pay monies to court-appointed designees as agents of the court. Thus, under this approach, a legal arrangement is created whereby the crops themselves are never bought or sold, but rather people are merely paid for their labor and expenses in providing certain services. In modern Israel, the badatz is notable for adapting and supervising such arrangements.
The Orthodox Union notes that “to some, the modern-day otzar might seem to be nothing more than a legal sleight of hand. All the regular players are still in place, and distribution rolls along as usual. However, in reality, it is identical only in appearance as prices are controlled, and may correspond only to expenses, with no profit allowed. In addition, the otzar beit din does not own the produce. Since it is simply a mechanism for open distribution, any individual is still entitled to collect produce from a field or orchard on his own. Furthermore, all agents of the beit din are appointed only if they commit to distributing the produce in accordance with the restrictions that result from its sanctity.”
Under the rules of the Shmita, produce with Sabbatical sanctity (shevi’it) can only be stored as long as plants of the same species (e.g. plants sprouting by themselves) are available to animals in the fields. Once a species is no longer available in the land, halakha requires that it be removed, made ownerless, and made available to anyone who wishes to take it through a procedure called biur.
The Orthodox Union describes the contemporary application of the rules of biur as follows:
On the appointed day, one must remove all the relevant produce, and all products containing such produce, from his home and take it to a public area such as a sidewalk. Once there, the individual declares the produce in front of three people who do not live with him. He then waits to give the witnesses a chance to claim the produce. Once they have taken what they want, he is permitted to reclaim whatever remains. It is permissible to choose three people whom one knows will not claim the produce for themselves, even though they are legally entitled to.
Thus, while the obligation of making one’s produce available to the public and permitted to all takers can be performed in such a way as to minimize the risk that this availability will actually be utilized, this risk cannot be entirely eliminated. The community at large, including members of the poor, must be afforded some opportunity to take the produce.
Biur only applies to produce that has shevi’it sanctity. For this reason, it does not apply to produce grown under the heter mechira for those who accept it. (Under the reasoning of the heter mechira the shmita does not apply to land owned by non-Jews, so its produce does not have shevi’it sanctity.)
Here are the things said that I highlighted and want you to judge.
- Shevi’it produce has sanctity requiring special rules for its use:
- imposed rabbinic ordinances on harvesters to ensure an orderly and equitable process and to prevent a few individuals from taking everything. Harvesters on others’ land are permitted to take only enough to feed themselves and their families.
- Grain cannot be harvested by using a sickle, nor can a man reap an entire field, or make use of beasts to separate the grain from the husks by treading. Grapes that are on the vine can be taken, sufficient for his immediate needs, but they cannot be pressed in a winepress, but only in a small tub.
- When certain farmers began to secretly sow their fields during the Seventh Year and to harvest what they had planted, and to cover-up their action by saying that such produce was a mere after growth from last year’s planting, the Sages of Israel were compelled to enact restrictions on Seventh Year produce and to forbid all aftergrowths (Hebrew: ספיחין) of grain, legumes and those vegetables which are usually planted by mankind, in order to put an end to their deception.
- Had any of these been kept watch over in the courtyard of a house, their aftergrowths would be forbidden to eat in the Seventh Year.[
- The laws governing Aftergrowths apply only to crops grown in the Land of Israel.
- Regarding The Importance of Shemitah Observance, and collecting for a communal fund to support those who observe shmita without compromise.
- Rabbi Yitzchak Elchanan Spektor came up with a halakhic means of allowing agriculture to continue during the Shmita year. After ruling in favor of Minhag Yerushalayim, that the biblical prohibition consists of not cultivating the land owned by Jews (“your land”, Exodus 23:10), Rabbi Spektor devised a mechanism by which the land could be sold to a non-Jew for the duration of that year under a trust agreement. Under this plan, the land would belong to the non-Jew temporarily, and revert to Jewish ownership when the year was over. When the land was sold under such an arrangement, Jews could continue to farm it.
- Under an otzar beit din, a community rabbinical court supervises harvesting by hiring workers to harvest, store, and distribute food to the community. Members of the community pay the beth din, but this payment represents only a contribution for services, and not a purchase or sale of the food. Because under this approach land cannot be sown but existing plants can be tended and harvested, the approach is applied to orchards, vineyards, and other perennial crops. A beit din, or rabbinical court supervising the process, hires farmers as its agents to tend and harvest the crops, and appoints the usual distributors and shopkeepers as its agents to distribute them. Individual consumers appoint the court and its designees as their agents and pay monies to court-appointed designees as agents of the court. Thus, under this approach, a legal arrangement is created whereby the crops themselves are never bought or sold, but rather people are merely paid for their labor and expenses in providing certain services.
- Under the rules of the Shmita, produce with Sabbatical sanctity (shevi’it) can only be stored as long as plants of the same species (e.g. plants sprouting by themselves) are available to animals in the fields. Once a species is no longer available in the land, halakha requires that it be removed, made ownerless, and made available to anyone who wishes to take it through a procedure called biur.
Now, you, who are to judge Angels, I call upon you to judge in this matter. Should Yehovah bless Israel for their efforts in keeping His laws or allow the curses to fall upon them for not obeying HIs laws?
I would like each of you to write a short judgment as to why each of the sections I have numbered 1-10 are legal or illegal. And you are to back it up with chapter and verse. You are going to have to judge and some of these are very cunning and can suck you in before you even know you are being deceived.
And I will make this number 11. What are the scriptures that prove the Shmita years are only to be kept in the Lond of Israel, and or what are the scriptures that prove they are to be kept in all the world?
You have these 11 judgments to make. Please post your rulings in the comments section below.