Passover in February?

Joseph F. Dumond

Isa 6:9-12 And He said, Go, and tell this people, You hear indeed, but do not understand; and seeing you see, but do not know. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn back, and be healed. Then I said, Lord, how long? And He answered, Until the cities are wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land laid waste, a desolation, and until Jehovah has moved men far away, and the desolation in the midst of the land is great.
Published: Jan 8, 2021
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News Letter 5856-046
The 4th Year of the 4th Sabbatical Cycle
The 25th year of the 120th Jubilee Cycle
The 25th day of the 11th month 5856 years after the creation of Adam
The 4th Sabbatical Cycle after the 119th Jubilee Cycle
The Middle of the 70th Jubilee Since Yehovah told Moses To go Get His People
The Sabbatical Cycle of Sword, Famines, and Pestilence

January 9, 2021

Shabbat Shalom to the Royal Family of Yehovah,

Shabbat Zoom Meeting

There are many people in need of fellowship and who are sitting at home on Sabbath with no one to talk to or debate with. I want to encourage all of you to join us on Shabbat at 12:30 PM Eastern Time Zone, and to invite others to come and join us as well. If the time is not convenient then you can listen to the teaching and the midrash after on our youtube channel.

We hope you can invite those who want to keep Torah to come and join us by hitting the link below. It is almost like a Torah teaching fellowship talk show with people from around the world taking part and sharing their insights and understandings.

We start off with some music and then some prayers and it as though you were sitting around the kitchen back in Newfoundland having a cup of coffee and all of us enjoying each other’s company. I hope you will grace us with your company someday.

 Sabbath Jan 9, 2021, will be a 1 PM Eastern. The room opens at 12:30 EST

Joseph Dumond is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.

Topic: Joseph Dumond’s Personal Meeting Room

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Septennial Torah Portion

If you go to Torah Portion at our archived section, you can then go to the 4th year which is the 4th year of the Sabbatical Cycle, the one we are in now, as we state at the top of every News Letter. There you can scroll down to January 9, 2021, and see that this Shabbat we could very well be midrashing about

Gen 17
Judges 10-11
Ps 35
Mat 21:23 – 22:22


What We are Doing and Why

I have asked James to share with you what he is looking after on our site. We wanted you to know just how massive it is and what all he is taking care of so that you can have access to all that we are sharing here. It is really not that simple.

We have now broken up our original site from one site into three sites as follows. Here is what James is also doing.


More than 30,000 images to maintain and update per site

More than 49,000 URL’s / links that have to be maintained and checked each time a new update is done

More than 2,470 web pages including newsletters created over the last ten years

More than 24,700+ pdf’s on the website of older newsletters for research and study


Each newsletter takes more than 1-3 hours to recreate, update images and all links both internal and external, depending on length of newsletter. Multiply that with the 980 newsletters, plus a new one each week.

Media website has more than 15 audio recordings, 75 videos, 43 podcasts (more coming), 9 months of Sabbath teachings.

Weekly updates, trouble shooting, new items, server maintenance equals more hours than a week offers.

James Relf

We also have 317 videos in our youtube channel with a subscriber list of 16,201 people. There have been over 2,621,536 views of all of our videos since we began to share them. People have actually watched over 700,000 hours of viewing time.

We have had just under 10 million views on our website since we began. This is where people learn about the Sabbatical and Jubilee years as well as the calendar and a host of other related subjects.

We now have 4 published books and many that are available as just e-books. Some are being done in other languages and in audio book formats. Some of the videos are now being produced in Urdu.

As impressive as these numbers are, the most amazing thing is that since 2005 we have been warning you about 2020. And Yehovah inspired us to go even deeper than just 2020, by having us state Shavuot 2020 was to be the middle of this 120th Jubilee cycle and the start of the 2300 day countdown in which all of Israel would be turned from the most powerful nations on earth to utter destruction so that you would not know they ever existed. Before the biblical year ends at Passover this year, there will be about 400,000 dead Americans due to COVID 19. Here are the rest of the 12 tribes as we know them, to see how many of them have also died as of January 4, 2021.

UK 75,544 deaths

Canada 15,935 deaths

Israel 3,433 deaths

Australia 909 deaths

Ireland 2,259 deaths

Denmark 1,389 deaths

Sweden 8,727 deaths

Switzerland 7,831 deaths

Netherlands 11,770 deaths

South Africa 29,577 deaths

Norway 449 deaths

Finland 565 deaths

New Zealand 25 deaths

We don’t get to glory in the fact that we were right. This is but the first phase of what is coming. We were even going to shut down the entire website if nothing happened in 2020. We have now begun 2021 and we are still here teaching. A lot has happened in 2020 which no one can deny. So we did not shut down. The count-down clocks continue to tick away. And yet even though many others recognize that we are the only ones who got this right, few join us or promote what we have been saying. Some choose to openly attack us.

Yehovah has blessed us to be able to have done so much with so little help over the years. He has blessed us with the ability to see these things years before they arrived. He and He alone knows what is about to come and the severity of it. He gives us some clues.

We know for a fact we have this message to continue to share and help others to recognize how close we are to the end of this age. Will you come along with us and be part of this work. If you are not already contributing please do consider making a monthly donation so we can continue to get this message out. If you cannot afford to support this work financially, please pray for our team and for Yehovah to open those doors He wants us to go through.

Many have come here and learned a great deal from us. Then they leave and begin to attack us. No one else is teaching these things, yet they want to attack us.

We are about to begin the 5857th year since the creation of Adam (Aviv 2021). We are in the 120th Jubilee since the creation of Adam. We are in the 70th Jubilee since Israel crossed the Red Sea. We have been telling you that Israel would be destroyed in that 70th Jubilee cycle. We have told you it would happen in the middle part of that 70th Jubilee cycle.

I want you to compare the year 2021, the one we just began to the year 724 BC. They are both the 5th year of the 4th Sabbatical Cycle. Israel also called Samaria fell in the 6th year of the 4th Sabbatical Cycle. also of note is that Yehshua died on the 4th day of the week for us. The Temple was built at the beginning of the 4th Millennium and destroyed just before the end of the same 4th Millennium.

Now compare the events of Joseph’s Jubilee cycle to our own today. The 7 Years of plenty are for the Egyptians, (In green the year 1607 BC to 1601 BC) who are today Babylon which is the European Union. The 7 years of famine (In Red 1600 BC to 1594 BC) begin when the Two Witnesses begin to avenge the destruction of Israel in 2026. At the end of those 7 years of Famine Satan will be locked away on the Day of Atonement.

Now read once again the 4th and the 5th curse that goes hand in hand.

Lev 26:23  And if you will not be reformed by Me by these things, but will still walk contrary to Me,

Lev 26:24  then I will walk contrary to you and will punish you seven times more for your sins.

Lev 26:25  And I will bring a sword on you that shall execute the vengeance of the covenant. And when you are gathered inside your cities, I will send the plague among you. And you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.

Lev 26:26  When I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight. And you shall eat and not be satisfied.

Lev 26:27  And if you will not for all of this listen to Me, but will walk contrary to Me,

Lev 26:28  then I will walk contrary to you also in fury. And I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.

Lev 26:29  And you shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters you shall eat.

We have two years left in this 4th Sabbatical Cycle not counting the Sabbatical year. Will the end-time descendants of Israel be destroyed by Yehovah at this time? And if you say no, then when will it happen? 400,000 have died in 2020. How many will die in 2021 from plague and famine or sword? Will you be one of them?

You saw the USA this week as Trump supporters flooded the Capital building and one lady was shot and killed. A police officer died of his injuries a couple of days later. 1/2 the nation follows Trump’s words and hints. The other half is no better as shown to you by the rioting BLM and Antifa groups this past summer and fall.

Now the left is calling Trump and his supporters insurrectionists. These are civil war terminology. Many Hebrew Roots followers are also Trump supporters as well as Christians. You have read where brother will turn in brother.

Persecution Will Come

Mat 10:16  Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be as wise as serpents and as harmless as doves.

Mat 10:17  But beware of men, for they will deliver you up to the sanhedrins, and they will scourge you in their synagogues.

Mat 10:18  And you shall be brought before governors and kings for My sake, for a testimony against them and the nations.

Mat 10:19  But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what you shall speak; for it shall be given you in that same hour what you shall speak.

Mat 10:20  For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.

Mat 10:21  And brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. And the children shall rise up against their parents and cause them to be put to death.

Mat 10:22  And you will be hated of all men for My name’s sake, but the one who endures to the end shall be kept safe.

Mat 10:23  But when they persecute you in this city, flee into another; for truly I say to you, In no way shall you have finished the cities of Israel until the Son of Man comes.

The whole USA from the head to the toe is sick and in great trouble and yet they do not know it.

Isa 9:8  The Lord sent a Word to Jacob, and it has fallen on Israel.

Isa 9:9  And all the people shall know, Ephraim and the people of Samaria, who say in pride and hardness of heart,

Isa 9:10  The bricks have fallen down, but we will build with cut stones; the sycamores are cut down, but we use cedars instead.

Isa 9:11  And Jehovah shall set up the foes of Rezin against him, and spur on his enemies;

Isa 9:12  the Syrians in front and the Philistines behind; and they shall devour Israel with open mouth. For all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still.

Isa 9:13  For the people do not turn to Him who strikes them, nor do they seek Jehovah of Hosts.

Isa 9:14  And Jehovah will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch and rush, in one day.

Isa 9:15  The elder and honorable, he is the head; and the prophet who teaches lies, he is the tail.

Isa 9:16  For the leaders of this people led them astray; and their guided ones are swallowed up.

Isa 9:17  For this the Lord shall not rejoice over their young men, nor shall He have mercy on their orphans and widows; for everyone is a hypocrite and an evildoer, and every mouth speaks foolishness. In all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still.

Isa 9:18  For wickedness burns like the fire; it shall devour the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall roll upwards like the lifting up of smoke.

Isa 9:19  Through the wrath of Jehovah of Hosts is the land scorched, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire; no man shall have pity on his brother.

Isa 9:20  And he shall cut off on the right hand and be hungry; and he shall eat on the left, and they shall not be satisfied. Each man shall eat the flesh of his own arm;

Isa 9:21  Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim, Manasseh; and they together shall be against Judah. In all this His anger is not turned away, but His hand is stretched out still.

Isa 1:2  Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for Jehovah has spoken, I have nursed and brought up sons, and they have rebelled against Me.

Isa 1:3  The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master’s crib; but Israel does not know; My people do not understand.

Isa 1:4  Woe, sinful nation, a people heavy with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, sons who corrupt! They have forsaken Jehovah; they have provoked the Holy One of Israel to anger; they have gone away backward.

Isa 1:5  Why should you be stricken any more? You will revolt more and more; the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Isa 1:6  From the sole of the foot even to the head there is no soundness in it; only a wound and a stripe and a fresh blow; they have not been closed, nor bound up, nor soothed with oil.

Isa 1:7  Your land is wasted, your cities burned with fire. Strangers devour your land right before your eyes, and it is wasted, as overthrown by strangers.

Isa 1:8  And the daughter of Zion is left a booth in a vineyard, like a hut in a garden of cucumbers, like a besieged city.

Isa 1:9  Except Jehovah of Hosts had left us a very small remnant, we would be as Sodom; we would be like Gomorrah.

Isa 1:10  Hear the Word of Jehovah, rulers of Sodom; give ear to the Law of our God, people of Gomorrah.

Isa 1:11  To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices to Me? says Jehovah; I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I do not delight in the blood of bulls, or of lambs, or of he-goats.

Isa 1:12  When you come to appear before Me, who has required this at your hand, to trample My courts?

Isa 1:13  Bring no more vain sacrifice; incense is an abomination to Me; the new moon and sabbath, the going to meeting; I cannot endure evil and the assembly!

Isa 1:14  Your new moons and your appointed feasts My soul hates; they are a trouble to Me; I am weary to bear them.

Isa 1:15  And when you spread out your hands, I will hide My eyes from you; yea, when you make many prayers, I will not hear; your hands are full of blood.

Isa 1:16  Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; put away the evil of your doings from before My eyes; cease to do evil;

Isa 1:17  learn to do good; seek judgment, reprove the oppressor. Judge the orphan, plead for the widow.

Isa 1:18  Come now, and let us reason together, says Jehovah; though your sins are as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall be like wool.

Isa 1:19  If you are willing and obedient, you shall eat the good of the land;

Isa 1:20  but if you refuse and rebel, you shall be devoured with the sword; for the mouth of Jehovah has spoken.

We need your support now Brethren. Encourage others to read our books and watch our videos. The time is now to tell others.

Thank you for your help and for your prayers.

Joseph F Dumond.

Waiting on Yehovah is Always Exciting

Yehovah is doing it again. Are you watching? Are you even aware?

We are commanded to make a wave offering of the first fruits of barley during Passover. We are to cut it and prepare it that Saturday evening at the start of Wave Sheaf Day. We can roast it if we need to. But we must make that wave offering with the very first fruits. It is important to understand that as it determines when the Holy Days are to be kept. 

If the Barley is not ripe then we ad an extra month called Adar Bet. But if the Barley is ripe and we add an extra month then the barley will reseed itself and we will be keeping the appointed times at a time when Yehovah will not be there.

The importance of watching for the Barley cannot be stated loud enough. And this year Becca Biderman has sent us some pictures of Barley that is already in bloom and out of the boot.

Barley in Bloom on December 24, 2020.

Barley out of the Boot on December 24, 2020.

Some of you also think of Israel as a desert land but look at the picture Becca has sent where anemones, Israeli wild Iris, lupine (bluebonnet), daffodils, mandrakes, and many many more are in FULL glorious blooms covering the land with bright colours January 6, 2021.


We are about 6 days away from the start of the 12th month starting on January 15th. When you look at the chart below and see that when the barley is flowering, it can be ready for harvest in just 30 days time. What does this mean?

It means that we could have the New Year February 13, 14th and keep Passover February 28, 2021. Unbelievable!!

So to demonstrate when the Jews kept Passover in the 3rd, 4th and 5th centuries we are once again going to review the Tombstones of Zoar and learn the many things they reveal to us.

The Glory of the Lord

Exo 40:34  And the cloud covered the tabernacle of the congregation, and the glory of Jehovah filled the tabernacle.
Exo 40:35  And Moses was not able to enter into the tabernacle of the congregation because the cloud stayed on it, and the glory of Jehovah filled the tabernacle.
Exo 40:36  And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the sons of Israel journeyed on in all their journeys.
Exo 40:37  But if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not journey until the day that it was taken up.
Exo 40:38  For the cloud of Jehovah was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, in all their journeys.

Can you imagine getting up each day and quickly opening the flap of your tent to see if the cloud was there or if it had moved to some other place? Each day you would check before you made any plans to do the things you wanted to get done that day.

You are all psyched to go and plant a garden and get dressed and gather the tools and go out the door and only then see the cloud is missing. You have to rush back and gather the kids and take down the tent and load it on the cart and then round up the flocks and herds and start to head in the direction of the cloud. The kids are asking where we are going and you say I do not know. The wife asks how much longer and you say I do not know. You ask yourself if there will be fields of grass and water for the herds and then say you do not know.

Can you imagine?

How exciting and how much it forces you to have faith in Yehovah. How awesome that would be?
Well, last week I was that guy going out to do my own thing and I had my plans for March to go to Mount Sinai in Saudi Arabia. I was just about to book my flight and found one that leaves on a Wednesday and is half the cost of flying on Thursday so I can arrive there before Sunset on Friday and be checked into my room. I had my plans and had worked them all out and then bam, out of the blue I got the reports from Becca Biderman about the current state of the Barley. I was stunned like a deer in the headlights, frozen in my tracks.

So I quickly added her postings to the News Letter after already sending it out. I then was in panic mode for the rest of Thursday night and Friday.
I was absolutely positive we would have a 13th month this year. That is what I was sharing with you and taught you about last week. This has completely caught me with my pants down. Flights leaving on Thursday arrive in Riyad on Saturday. So I cannot do that. Leaving on Wednesday I would arrive early Friday and that was perfect, but now the Wednesday is potentially the High Holy Day of Unleavened Bread. What do I do? What do I do?

Then I began to reason that there was no way Passover could be before the Equinox. I never go by the equinox even though that seems to be an unwritten rule. Brian Hoecke even had a chart he showed me showing each year since 2000 how Passover was always after the equinox. I had disagreed but forgot where my proof was which showed me Passover could be before the equinox. And then I got busy with other things and forgot about it until now.

Here is the information courtesy of Brian Hoeck and I thank him for going and finding this and then for sharing it with us. Note that Passover will be 14 days after each of the New Moon sightings below and in each case was after the Equinox.

Here’s the info you requested:
“In the month of Xanthicus, which is by us called Nisan, and is the beginning of our year, on the fourteenth day of the lunar month, when the sun is in Aries, (for in this month it was that we were delivered from bondage under the Egyptians,) the law ordained that we should every year slay that sacrifice which I before told you we slew when we came out of Egypt, and which was called the Passover; and so we do celebrate this passover in companies, leaving nothing of what we sacrifice till the day following.” (Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book III)

Please note that Josephus did not say the New Moon that starts the year occurs in Aries, but rather he said the Passover was sacrificed (i.e., the ending of Aviv/Nisan 14) while the Sun was in Aries. In his day, the Sun was in Aries circa March 20/21 through April 19/20. IF the Passover sacrifice had to occur in Aries, then it would have to fall in between March 20/21 and April 19/20, which would mean then that the New Moon must be sighted between the evening of March 7 (which would produce an Aviv 14 on March 21) and the evening of April 6 (which would produce an Aviv 14 on April 20).

Here is New Year info for years 2000-2019 via Aviv inspections and New Moon watches:
2000: 1st New Moon visible Wednesday, April 5
2001: 1st New Moon visible Monday, March 26
2002: 1st New Moon visible Friday, March 15
2003: 1st New Moon visible Friday, April 3
2004: 1st New Moon visible Monday, March 22
2005: 1st New Moon visible Friday, March 11*
2006: 1st New Moon visible Thursday, March 30
2007: 1st New Moon visible Wednesday, March 20
2008: 1st New Moon visible Monday, April 7*
2009: 1st New Moon visible Friday, March 27
2010: 1st New Moon visible Wednesday, March 17
2011: 1st New Moon visible Monday, April 4
2012: 1st New Moon visible Friday, March 23
2013: 1st New Moon visible Wednesday, March 13
2014: 1st New Moon visible Monday, March 31
2015: 1st New Moon visible Saturday, March 21
2016: 1st New Moon visible Thursday, March 10*
2017: 1st New Moon visible Wednesday, March 29
2018: 1st New Moon visible Sunday, March 18
2019: 1st New Moon visible Friday, March 8*

2020  1st New Moon visible Wednesday February 26*

There are 4 years above marked with an asterisk. These mark years of split views of aviv inspectors.

* In 2005, there was debate over the start in the Aviv camps. The date in the chart is derived from the Karaite Korner crew, whereas abibofgod declared a 13th month and began the year with the 1st New Moon visible Sunday, April 11, 2005. If the abibofgod determination is correct, it would be evidence against the Josephus parameter.

* In 2008, the Karaites & abibofgod both declared a 13th month and began the year with the New Moon sighted the evening of April 7, thus an April 21st afternoon Passover sacrifice. This would put it one day outside of Aries (which ended April 20).
The folks at torahcalendar declared that the barley was ready for March 8, 2008 to begin the year:

* In 2016, the Karaite group declared a 13th month, and thus their day of Passover sacrifice (April 23) fell outside of the parameter given by Josephus by 3 days. (There was a split amoungst the groups this year Some not adding a 13th month)

* In 2019, the Karaite group declared a 13th month, making their Passover sacrifice occur the afternoon of April 20 (still fitting the Josephus parameter).(There was a split amoungst the groups this year Some not adding a 13th month)

*In 2020 all the groups kept the Passover on April 8th while we at and a few others small groups went with Beccas’ report and kept Passover March 11, the same day WHO declared a worldwide pandemic. This year again it was a split amongst the crescent moon group.

Let me share my experience here now that I have this record above. My first year was in 2005 and we kept the Passover via the Karaite view 30 days before the Hebrew Calendar. I have written about this many times. In 2016 with much debate, kept Passover earlier that the Karaite view which added a 13th month that year. We did not. In 2019 once again kept Passover 30 days before the Karaite groups again with much debate and much scorn. In both instances, Nehemia and I remained friends and still do to this day. And in both instances, sadly others stopped following us and talking with us. So we are well aware of the divisiveness of this subject and controversies it brings forth.
If Passover can be before the equinox and I can prove it then Becca has a case. Ha, Becca has a case no matter what I say. She has the barley and Yehovah is guiding that process. Yehovah is in charge and we must never forget that. And even as I say that my human reasoning is denying it. But Becca showed that some Barley was already in the head stage and flowering. Which means we could be just 40 to 30 days from it being ripe enough for Wave Sheaf day. It is most certainly going to be a very close year this year and we all must be ready either way.

I have not even begun to deleaven the house or the cars and…… Man, I am just not ready. Is the cloud actually moving? Arghhh I have to catch up.
But here is the thing. Yehovah is in control. He is in charge. If the rains continue and it remains cool then the husks do not develop and the milk does not gather so the seed does not begin to form. But once the dry warm winds come, then the process begins. When will that be?
According to the chart in exactly so many days. But in reality, only Yehovah knows.
Once again we are being shown this parable, this Hebrew idiom.

Mat 24:36  But of that day and hour no one knows, no, not the angels of Heaven, but only My Father.

Those who do not keep the Holy Days will not and cannot know when He is to come. They will not know the seasons. Paul said;

The Day of the Lord

1Th 5:1  But of the times and the seasons, brothers, you have no need that I write to you.
1Th 5:2  For you yourselves know accurately that the day of the Lord comes like a thief in the night.
1Th 5:3  For when they shall say, Peace and safety! Then sudden destruction comes on them, as travail upon a woman with child. And they shall not escape.
1Th 5:4  But you, brothers, are not in darkness, that the Day should overtake you like a thief.
1Th 5:5  You are all the sons of light and the sons of the day. We are not of the night, or of darkness.
1Th 5:6  Therefore let us not sleep as the rest do, but let us watch and be calm.
1Th 5:7  For those sleeping sleep in the night, and those being drunken are drunken in the night.
1Th 5:8  But let us, who are of the day, be calm, having put on the breastplate of faith and love and the hope of salvation for a helmet.
1Th 5:9  For God has not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
1Th 5:10  who died for us, so that whether we watch or sleep we should live together with Him.
1Th 5:11  Therefore comfort one another, and edify one another, even as you also do.

Yehovah is demonstrating to us that we cannot know when but once we know the season then we can know about when.

Can you Have Passover Before the Equinox?

In all this thinking and my mind racing, I remembered where I had seen the proof that Passover was indeed possible to be kept before the Equinox. It was in the Tombstones of Zoar. The very same ones that had shown me many references to the Sabbatical and Jubilee years.
When I got home from work Friday I immediately began to go through every single tombstone once again and to see just how many had more evidence to give up. Things I had just read over and not valued.

Almost all of the Tombstones give you the year in reference to the year the Temple was destroyed. They give the name of the person deceased, and most give the month. And some even give the day of the week and the date of that day and the month. This was pure gold which I had not realized I had nor had I thought to use it before now.

With this weekday and the date and month, I could now go back and see when that year began and if indeed it was before the Equinox when they kept Passover. But then Friday night as I was going through each of these Tombstones, I also realized that they were telling me consistently when they had changed from the Crescent moon calendar to the Conjunction to begin the month. What an exciting find I had tripped over. It is with this understanding of the two systems used for the calendars that you must have in order to understand these 30 or so tombstones. This is why when many “authorities” looked at them like Marcus and Wacholder, Zuckerman and  Shurer, they dismissed them because they did not line up with their theories or understanding. This is why they are hardly mentioned.

So let me now share each one at a time and learn if in fact you can keep the Passover before the Equinox.

Proof # 24-Tombstone # 3 – 393 CE-Naveh’s # 7

Just so you understnd the listing above. This is my 24th proof of the Sabbatical Years. It is the 3rd Tombstone chronologically and Naveh who is the authority on the Tombstones has it listed in his list as #7.
Tombstones # 3 – 393 CE Naveh’s # 7
This is the tombstone of Jacob
Son of Samul, who died on
The second day (Monday), forty
years old, on the third day
of the month of Iyar (2nd month), on the first year
of the Shemitah
year three hundred and twenty
three to the destruction of the
323 + 70 = 393 CE

This tombstone is telling us the 3rd of Iyar was a Monday. Just so you know what each month is in name and number here is a chart for you.
Nissan / Pesa? (Passover) 1st
Iyar  2nd
Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd
Tammuz 4th
Av  5th
Elul 6th
Tishrei Succot/s 7th
(Mar)Heshvan  8th
Kislev 9th
Tevet/s /  10th
Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th
Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)
Now we go to Torah Calendar ( for the year 393 CE and look at the 2nd month to see if it was a Monday. And what we see is that Monday in the 2nd month was indeed the 3rd of Iyar. Then when we check the 1st month we see that Passover was after the Equinox.
Now you must take special note here. This was a very simple check. That is because Torah Calendar goes by the Crescent moon to begin the month and this is why I use them so often. But… They also use the Equinox to determine when the first of the year is. It is always after the Equinox according to them. They also use the Metonic cycles to determine the leap years. We wrote about them last week and will not repeat them here now. You must keep this in mind in our search.
The other thing that jumps out here is the fact that this Tombstone in the year 393 CE was using the Crescent Moon to begin the month. I will show you another that proves they also were going by the Barley to begin the year in a moment.

Proof # 27-Tombstone # 6 – 416 CE- Naveh #20

May rest the soul of Jacob, the son of Shem’o who died on the second day, the 10th day of the month Shebat, in the 3rd year of the Sabbatical cycle, the years 300 hundred and 46 years after the destruction of the Temple. May he wake up to the voice of the announcer of peace. 346 + 70 = 416

Nissan / Pesa? (Passover) 1st
Iyar  2nd
Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd
Tammuz 4th
Av  5th
Elul 6th
Tishrei Succot/s 7th
(Mar)Heshvan  8th
Kislev 9th
Tevet/s /  10th
Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th
Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)
This man died on the 10th day of Shevat, the 11th month, which was a Monday, the second day of the week in the year 416 CE. This again matches exactly what Torah Calendar is showing us ( And when we then go back to check the 1st month of this year, Passover is found to be after the Equinox.
Once again in this year of 416 CE., they are still going by the Crescent Moon Calendar and the Barley being Aviv.

Proof # 29-Tombstone # 8 – 432 CE- No Naveh #

This is the grave of Iyrsh daughter of Marsa, the fellow who died on Thursday, the 17th day of the month Elul, in the fourth year of the Sabbatical cycle, the year 3 hundred sixty 2 after the destruction of the  Temple. May there come peace and may it rest on her resting place. Peace Peace 362 + 70 = 432
Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st
Iyar  2nd
Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd
Tammuz 4th
Av  5th
Elul 6th
Tishrei Succot/s 7th
(Mar)Heshvan  8th
Kislev 9th
Tevet/s /  10th
Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th
Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)
Thursday the 17th day of the 6th month in the year 432 CE.
When we look at the 17th day of the 6th month in the year 432 it does not come up on a Thursday but on Tuesday ( ). What is going on now? Torah Calendar does not go by the barley but it does go by the Metonic cycles.

The Only way you can get the 17th of the 6th month to be on a Thursday is for there to be an Adar bet for the preceding year making this 6th month what Torah Calendar is saying is the 7th month.(

This Tombstone proves that these Jewish people in Zoar at this time in the year 432 CE were still going by the Barley and they added a 13th month, an Adar Bet to the preceding year. When they did that then what Torah Calendar calls the 7th month is, in fact, the 6th month and matches the date on the Tombstone exactly. Remember Torah Calendar is going by the Metonic cycles and the Equinox. These people were going by the Barley and the Crescent moon.
This is exactly what I am looking for only going the other way so that Passover would then fall before the Equinox.

Proof # 31 Tombstone # 10 – 439 CE-No Naveh #

“This is the tombstone of Hannah, daughter of Ha[niel] the priest, who died on the Sabbath, the first festival of Passover, on the fifteenth day of the month of Nisan,[JD1]  in the fifth year of the sabbatical cycle, which is the year three hundred and sixty-nine years after the destruction of the Temple. Peace. May her soul rest. Peace” 369 + 70 = 439 C.E.
When we look at the 1st month in the year 439 we see that Passover the 15th day is on a Sunday and not the Sabbath as the Tombstone has said.

I then checked the visibility of the moon to start this month and see if it could have been seen the day before which would then move the 15th back to the Sabbath and match what the Tombstone says. Here is the day it could be seen.
And here is the day before when it could not be seen.

When I then look at what Torah Calendar is saying is the 13th month of the preceding year I see that it was a 30 day month because the moon could not be sighted.  But I also see that if the moon was not sighted the month before and 30 day month declared then this month would put the 15th day on the Sabbath and match what the Tombstone said if indeed this was the 1st month and not the 13th.

This is HUGE

The year 438 is Adar Bet according to Torah Calendar. But if the month Adar bet was the 1st month and the moon was not seen on the first day then Sabbath would be the 15th day. Passover would be before the Equinox.
This Tombstone proves a few things that you need to make note of. It is a very important tombstone to note.

  1. That Passover is on the 15th at the end of the 14th. The 15th is when Passover is and it is the First High Holy Day. The 14th is not Passover as some claim today.
  2. When you check the calendars the only way you can have a Passover on a Saturday in that year is if you go by the Crescent moon to begin the month, not the conjunction.
  3. The only way you can have a Passover on a Saturday and to go by the crescent moon is if you do not have an Adar Bet. The Hebrew Calendar with the Metonic cycles makes you add a 13th month.  But the Biblical calendar that goes by the barley to start the year and then by the crescent moon to begin each month does not use the Metonic cycles and therefor what Torah Calendar is calling the 13th month can, in fact, be the 1st month and this tombstone proves it.
  4. This Tombstone shows you that the Jewish People in Zoar at this time were still going by the Barley determine the years and the Crescent moon to begin the month.
  5. This Tombstone shows you that they were not going by the Equinox and that Passover this year was before the Equinox.

Proof # 33-Tombstone # 12 – 455 CE-Naveh # 22

We now come a very important junction.

Hillel II  Hillel the Nasi, also known simply as Hillel, was an amora of the fifth generation in the Land of Israel. He held the office of Nasi of the Sanhedrin between 320 and 385 CE. He was the son and successor of Judah III. He is sometimes confused with Hillel the Elder, as the Talmud sometimes simply uses the name “Hillel”.
He is traditionally regarded as the creator of the modern fixed Jewish calendar. This tradition first appears in a responsum of R. Hai Gaon (written in 992[3]) cited by R. Abraham bar Hiyya in his Sefer Ha’ibbur (written in 1123).[4] The citation explicitly refers to the year that this event happened, 670 of the Seleucid era, which corresponds to 358/9 CE.
However, a number of documents have been found that indicate the calendar was not fully fixed in Hillel’s time; most famously a letter found in Cairo Geniza (from the year 835/6) indicates that the holidays were observed on different dates from those predicted by the current calendar.[3][5] The calendar did not reach its exact modern form until at least the years 922-924.[6] According to modern scholar Sacha Stern, Hai Gaon only attributed the establishment of a 19-year cycle, and not other details of the calendar, to Hillel.[3]
The fixed calendar was of great benefit to Jews of his and subsequent generations. The Jewish calendar is lunisolar. That is, its months are synchronized with the phases of the moon, but its average year length approximates the mean length of a solar year. The Sanhedrin declared new months based on observations of the new moon, and added a 13th lunar month to certain years to ensure that holidays would continue to fall in the same seasons of the solar year. But Constantius II, following the precedents of Hadrian, prohibited the holding of such meetings as well as the vending of articles for distinctly Jewish purposes. The worldwide Jewish community depended on the calendar sanctioned by the Judean Sanhedrin to observe Jewish holidays on the correct dates. However, danger threatened the participants in that sanction and the messengers who communicated their decisions to distant congregations. Temporarily, to relieve the foreign congregations, Huna ben Abin once advised Rava not to wait for the official intercalation: When you are convinced that the winter quarter will extend beyond the sixteenth day of Nisan declare the year a leap year, and do not hesitate.[7] But as the religious persecutions continued, Hillel decided to provide an authorized calendar for all time to come, though by doing so he severed the ties which united the Jews of the diaspora to their mother country and to the patriarchate.

You are about to see the first time that I have discovered of the calculated calendar being used next.

May rest the soul of Rabbi Simon Binabi, who died the fourth day (Wednesday) the third day of the month Adar in the seventh year three hundred and eighty and five years after the destruction of the Temple. May he rest a sage in peace. May he wake up to the voice of the announcer of peace. 385 + 70 = 455
Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st
Iyar  2nd
Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd
Tammuz 4th
Av  5th
Elul 6th
Tishrei Succot/s 7th
(Mar)Heshvan  8th
Kislev 9th
Tevet/s /  10th
Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th)
Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)
This Rabbi died on Wednesday the 3rd of the 12th month in the 455 CE.
We have here now the first proof I have that the Conjunction moon is now being used. The conjunction took place Monday making it the first day and thereby Wednesday is now the 3rd day when you start to count from the conjunction moon. This explanation now matches what the Tombstone has said. And it shows us that Passover that year was on the day of the Equinox.

Proof # 34-Tombstone # 13 – 456 CE-Naveh’s # 4

This is the Tombstone of….Son of Megalos (?) who died on the Sabbath, the twenty-fifth day on the month Tevet, in the 1st year of the sabbatical cycle, 386 years after the destruction of the Temple.”  386 + 70 = 456
Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st
Iyar  2nd
Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd
Tammuz 4th
Av  5th
Elul 6th
Tishrei Succot/s 7th
(Mar)Heshvan  8th
Kislev 9th
Tevet/s /  10th
Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th)
Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)
Shabbat the 25th of Tevet 456 CE
The day of conjunction is Thursday, December 13th so this month does not match our day for Shabbat being the 25th day of the 10th month.

In order to have the 25th day on the Sabbath, you must begin the year one month earlier and use the conjunction moon and not the sighted one. This would make the 9th month according to Torah Calendar the 10th month which matches the tombstone date with the Sabbath being the 25th day of the month. The Conjunction would begin the month on the 4th day.

Because we have now pushed the calendar back one month according to Torah Calendar,  changing the 13th month of the previous year and making it the 1st month. This would make Passover March 9th if using the Conjunction and March 10th if using the crescent moon. But now have no way of knowing if they are using the Barley to begin the year because they are now using the calculated calendar. This is over one week before the Equinox.

Proof # 36-Tombstone # 15 – 468 CE-Naveh’s # 11

May the spirit {of Est} of Ester
daughter of Babah, who died of the sixth day (Friday) on the third day

of the month of Kislev (9th month) in the sixth year of the Shemitah, which was a leap year, year three hundred and ninety-eight to the destruction of the temple 398 + 70 = 468 Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st
Iyar  2nd Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd Tammuz 4th Av  5th Elul 6th Tishrei Succot/s 7th (Mar)Heshvan  8th Kislev 9th Tevet/s /  10th Shvat / 11th Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th) Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)
Friday the 3rd of the 9th month 468 and it was a leap year. When we look at the 9th month according to Torah Calendar it does not match so we then look at the 8th month.

Wednesday, October 2 was the conjunction of the moon making it day 1 and Friday day 3 just as the tombstone states.

This now means that the first month would be what Torah Calendars is calling the 12th month of the previous year. This would then make Passover fall on the 26th of February in that year of 468. I am not saying this is correct. I am saying that once they stopped using the barley as a reference to begin the year they began to keep Passover in February on the 26th day in the year 468 CE.

Proof # 37-Tombstone # 16 – 468 CE-Naveh’s # 14

We now have another Tombstone for the year 468.

This memorial of the deceased Mati (son of) Sabah, who died on the fifth day, twentieth of the month of Elul on the fifth year of the Shemitah year three hundred and ninety eight to the destruction of the temple May he rest in peace 398 + 70 = 468 CE

Thursday the 20th of the 6th month in the year 468. So if we follow the pattern as the previous tombstones have shown us. We should be one month earlier.
Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st, Iyar  2nd, Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd, Tammuz 4th, Av  5th, Elul 6th, Tishrei Succot/s 7th, (Mar)Heshvan  8th, Kislev 9th, Tevet/s /  10th, Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th), Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)

The Conjunction is on August 5 which makes the 20th move back by just one day and it does not land on the Thursday as the tombstone says.

The Conjunction is on July 5 which makes July 6 day one, and the 20th move back by two days and it does land on the Thursday as the tombstone says. So this is a second witness that this year of 468 CE. the months began one month earlier that Torah Calendar has them and that Passover was on February 26, weeks before the Equinox.

Proof # 38-Tombstone # 17 – 470 CE-Naveh # 24

May the soul of Yoseh son of Ofi who died in the city of Tefar in the land of Heymar and left to the land of Israel and buried on the sixth day the twenty sixth of the month of Tamuz on the first year of the Shemitah, which is identical to the year [400] to the destruction of the temple, Shalom

Peace on you in your resting place
400 + 70 = 470, Friday the 26th of Tammuz 470 CE, Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st, Iyar  2nd, Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd, Tammuz 4th, Av  5th, Elul 6th, Tishrei Succot/s 7th
(Mar)Heshvan  8th, Kislev 9th, Tevet/s /  10th, Shvat / 11th, Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th), Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)

When we look at the 4th month for the year 470 CE. we see the following from Torah Calendar.

You can only get Friday the 26th of Tammuz if you use the conjunction moon. Passover would be on April 4th. Passover was after the Equinox this year.

Proof # 39-Tombstone # 18 – 472 CE

This is the tombstone of Hannah, daughter of Levi, who died on Thursday on the 19th day of the month of Sivan, in the third year of the Sabbatical year, four hundred and two years since the destruction of the Temple. Peace upon Israel Peace. 402 + 70 = 472

Thursday the 19th of Sivan 472 CE.
Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st
Iyar  2nd
Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd
Tammuz 4th
Av  5th
Elul 6th
Tishrei Succot/s 7th
(Mar)Heshvan  8th
Kislev 9th
Tevet/s /  10th
Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th)
Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)

Torah Calendar did add a 13th month in the year 471. Using the Crescent moon has not helped me to find the 19th on a Thursday in the month of Sivan. If I use the Conjunction then the only month that has Thursday as the 19th is what Torah calendar is calling month one.

This then makes the 12th month of the year 471 the 1st month and Passover would then be February 11th.

Proof # 40-Tombstone # 19 – 476 CE-Naveh’s #16

This is the memorial of Ya’akov (Jacob) son of ‘awid who died on the 2nd (day), on the 10th days of… Marcheshvan (8th month), on the first year of the Shemitah which is the year four hundred and six to the destruction of the temple. May he rest in peace. Shalom Shalom Shalom

406 + 70 = 476

Monday the 10th of the 8th Month 476 CE, Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st, Iyar  2nd, Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd, Tammuz 4th, Av  5th, Elul 6th, Tishrei Succot/s 7th, (Mar)Heshvan  8th, Kislev 9th, Tevet/s /  10th
Shvat / 11th, Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th), Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)

The pattern continues to hold that the only way to get the 10th of the 8th month to be on a Monday is to go to the preceding month and we have our match.

This then makes February 27, 576 CE Passover and it was before the Equinox.

Proof # 43-Tombstone # 22 – 505 CE-Naveh’s # 3

May rest the soul of Haifu the daughter of …, who died on Tuesday, the eleventh day of Elul, in the …year of the Sabbatical cycle that is the year four hundred thirty-five after the destruction of the Temple. Peace Peace Upon Israel, Peace!  435 + 70 = 505

Tuesday the 11th of 6th month 505 CE, Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st, Iyar  2nd, Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd, Tammuz 4th, Av  5th, Elul 6th, Tishrei Succot/s 7th, (Mar)Heshvan  8th, Kislev 9th, Tevet/s /  10th, Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th) ,Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)

The only way to have Tuesday as the 11th is by using the conjunction moon and starting one month earlier.

This would make Passover on March 8th 505 CE. Which is before the Equinox.

Proof # 44-Tombstone # 23 – 515 CE

“May the soul of Hasadiah the Priest son of Dematin rest, who died on Thursday, the fifth of Av, in the fourth year of the Sabbatical cycle, which is the year four hundred and forty-five after the destruction of the Temple. Peace on Israel. Peace.”  445 + 70 = 515

Thursday the 5th of 5th month 515 CE, Nissan / Pesach (Passover) 1st, Iyar  2nd, Sivan / Shavuot/s 3rd, Tammuz 4th, Av  5th, Elul 6th, Tishrei Succot/s 7th, (Mar)Heshvan  8th, Kislev 9th, Tevet/s /  10th, Shvat / 11th
Adar Aleph (First Adar 12th), Adar Bet/Baiz (Second Adar 13th)

The Conjunction this year was on July 26 which then makes Thursday the 5th of the 5th month. Passover this year was on April 15 515 CE. This was after the Equinox.


Based upon our findings using all the Tombstones at our disposal we have concluded that the ancient community of Jews in the town of Zoar, did not ever use the Equinox to determine when Passover would fall. They used the Crescent moon and the Barley to begin the year and then about 455 CE, which is the first record I have, they then began to use the Conjunction moon, also today known as the Hillel Calendar to govern the Holy Days and months.

Out of 13 Tombstones with the Day of the death and the date, we have checked each one to see if they kept the Passover before the Equinox.
We had 1 using the Barley and the Crescent moon to begin the month and they were before the Equinox. And we had 3 that were after the Equinox.
We had 6 using the conjunction moon to begin the month and they were before the Equinox. We also had 3 that were after the Equinox.

Therefore, is it possible to have the Passover before the equinox? Yes. Ancient history written upon the tombstones of Zoar, proves this to be the case. It is entirely possible for Passover to come this year of 2020 on March 11 with the 14th and preparation day being on March 10. This would then make the last Day of Unleavened Bread, March 17. But we must wait upon Yehovah to bring the warm winds to create the heads in the Barley to know for sure. What we have done with this technical study is to demonstrate that the equinox is irrelevant as to when Passover will be.

1 Comment

  1. Vance Tremaglio

    You make a great case it seems like some people want to throw deuteronomy 16:9 out of the bible.I have a question I have a book on philo who says the feast of tabernacle has to land on or around the autumn equinox.Becca biderman proved the barley in 2021 was in february.How does feast of tabernacle land on the autumn equinoxes according to philo if barley is in February which would be in august the tabernacle what’s your thoughts thanks for the info