Joseph F. Dumond

Isa 6:9-12 And He said, Go, and tell this people, You hear indeed, but do not understand; and seeing you see, but do not know. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn back, and be healed. Then I said, Lord, how long? And He answered, Until the cities are wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land laid waste, a desolation, and until Jehovah has moved men far away, and the desolation in the midst of the land is great.
Published: Aug 11, 2022

News Letter 5858-024
The 6th Year of the 4th Sabbatical Cycle
The 27th year of the 120th Jubilee Cycle
The 13th day of the 6th month 5858 years after the creation of Adam
The 4th Sabbatical Cycle after the 119th Jubilee Cycle
The Sabbatical Cycle of Sword, Famines, and Pestilence
The 3rd year Tithe

Aug 13, 2022

Shabbat Shalom Royal Family of Yehovah,

We have updated the Promotions section with another promotion. And I am very pleased to announce The Restoration of All Things is done. It will be sent out to all those supporting this work as my small token of thanks for all the work you have done to make it possible for us to afford the programs and constant updates to keep the site running. Thank you.

It is 9:30 PM Thursday evening. I had the News letter done and then it just completely disappeared. Everything was gone. So as the dark full moon rises in the east I am scrambling to get this redone for you. Please forgive any errors that will surely show up.


Third Year Tithe

I want to remind and ask you all, have you remembered the widows and the orphans this year thus far? We are now in the 6th month. Many of you have supported this cause and I want to thank you on their behalf. I will keep reminding you about this responsibility for the entirety of this year. But this year does not end until Aviv, 2023. So we are not yet halfway. And having now sent out another payment to the widows, I can tell you that we have dropped off by about 60% in our support of this cause.

Let me share with you what one widow recently wrote to me about the recent flooding in Kentucky. Notice how your generosity towards this Widow was used to help those in that flood.

Thank you Bro Joe for all your efforts to be a blessing which I for one truly appreciate. And pray Father will bless you 1000fold in return. The devastation an hour from me is so hard to fathom. I found out today that a couple of sisters I had gone to church with and had moved back home to Hazard lost everything but what one could put in 2 Walmart bags. I wanted to help in some way but did not know what I could do until I saw their post, So was able to give them 100$. The sister I gave it too had come back to London to stay with a friend and replied you don’t have this to give – but I told her, Yes, I do. I have been blessed and I will bless you. An answer to prayer for me as I wanted to help somehow. My son just came and told me that he had heard that there have been some suicides by those who have lost everything. So sad for everyone, especially to the family who had 4 children torn away from them. As bad as this is, I know worse is coming.

Brethren I do want to encourage you not to let up in your support. We all want to receive the blessings, which only come when you comply with the law. This 6th year is the prelude to the 7th year of rest. The Sabbatical year also has things that you are to do to be in compliance with the Kingdom laws. 2024 is the start of the 10 Days of Awe and you do not want to be found out of His Grace at that time.

2022 is the 6th year of the 4th Sabbatical cycle. And anyone who has been reading our website for any time will know how to prove beyond all doubt when the Sabbatical and Jubilee years are. Once you have done that then you will know when the 3rd and the 6th year of the Sabbatical Cycles are. We are told to raise a tithe every third year for the widow, the orphan and the Levite in your gates.

Here is a very severe warning from Yehovah to each of us.

Exo 22:21  You shall neither vex a stranger nor oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child. If you afflict them in any way, and they cry at all to Me, I will surely hear their cry. And My wrath shall become hot, and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives shall be widows, and your sons fatherless.

We have now sent out  (as of June 20, 2022)  our 4th round of gift offerings that you have sent in for the widows and orphans. We have also supported a couple of other ministries that aid us in doing this work. This will fulfill the Levite part of the commandment. It was our desire to get the funds to them as we are told to do in Deuteronomy.

Deu 14:28  At the end of three years you shall bring forth all the tithe of your increase the same year, and shall lay it up inside your gates.

Deu 14:29  And the Levite, because he has no part nor inheritance with you, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, who are inside your gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied, so that Jehovah your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.

We will soon be making another gift to them. If you do not know of anyone in the faith who is a widow or orphan then you can send it to us. Make sure you write me to let me know that those funds are for the widows and I will see to it they get it. But if you do not write me then I will not know where to apply your donation.

May each one of you who has given to this cause, be blessed as Boaz was blessed by Yehovah for his generosity. May each one of you be known for your support of the laws that will make the Kingdom of Yehovah strong and righteous. And may Yehovah bless you so that what you give is never missed and you never lack for your generosity towards Yehovah’s heart.



We will be promoting ads, books, and upcoming meetings in this section. I hope you will check it each week, copy and paste it to your social media pages, and help us share this message. We need each of you to help here as much as possible. Make sure you copy the blurb for each ad when you do. Thank you in advance.

You can take each promotion and share it with your loved ones. They might start to watch. You can enter their names and they would have to confirm that they’re interested. But you can plant the seeds by putting these promotions on your social media page and sharing them with the ones you care about.

We are working on more promotions for the Ten Tribes of Israel, Heaven, Hell and It Was A Riddle Not A Command.

They all take a lot of work and James and I are going as fast as we can with them. When you do see a mistake, let us know so we can try to fix it.

The Elijah Trilogy

The Abomination that Makes Desolate, is written. It is partly edited. We need to go through this once again and possible add a little more content.

The 10 Days of Awe, was written in draft. It needs to be organized and the writing finalized. Once this is done then it will need to be edited. I see this coming out in 2023. Do keep us in your prayers. I have a lot on my plate and I do need to get this out ASAP. 2023 and 2024 are right in front of us and this book deals with those things that come at that time.

The Restoration of All Things

It is done. And it is going to go out to all those who are supporting this work. It is a Thank you from me to you. I hope each of you who reads this will inform me of any spelling errors or anything you see that might need to be fixed before we put it into print.

The Mark of the Beast

Do you know what the Mark of the Beast is? If you have it read what Revelation 14 says: Rev 14:9 And a third angel followed them, saying with a great voice, If anyone worships the beast and its image, and receives a mark in his forehead or in his hand, Rev 14:10 he also will drink of the wine of the anger of God, having been mixed undiluted in the cup of His wrath. And he will be tormented by fire and brimstone before the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb. Rev 14:11 And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever. And they have no rest day or night, those who worship the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its name. Get the article, and let us show you exactly what that Mark of the Beast is. Once you know it, then you can defend against it. Here is the FREE offer. Just click on the link, and you will receive the PDF immediately. Shortly after this, you will be sent the other article on what the number 666 actually does mean. And once you see it, you will be stunned. If you can’t wait for this article to be sent, then here is the link for it as well. Read them both and tell others about what you now know.


The Key To End-Time Prophecy is the Jubilee Cycles

The Key To All End-Time Prophecy is the Jubilee Cycles. With the understanding of when every Sabbatical and Jubilee year was throughout history, you can then begin to see patterns develop of when Yehovah brought about major historical events. When you know when the Flood took place in that Jubilee Cycle, you can compare it to our current 120th Jubilee Cycle. Then when you do the same for the time of Lot, and read the scripture in Luke, you can get an idea when the Kingdom of Yehovah will be set up.

The Coming of the Kingdom

Luk 17:20 And being asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, He answered and said, The kingdom of God does not come with observation. 21 Nor shall they say, Lo here! or, behold, there! For behold, the kingdom of God is in your midst. 22 And He said to the disciples, The days will come when you will desire to see one of the days of the Son of Man, and you shall not see it. 23 And they shall say to you, Lo, here! or, behold, there! Do not go away, nor follow. 24 For as the lightning which lights up, flashing from the one part under heaven, and shines to the other part under heaven, so also shall the Son of Man be in His day. 25 But first He must suffer many things and be rejected of this generation. 26 And as it was in the days of Noah, so it also shall be in the days of the Son of Man. 27 They ate, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark; and the flood came and destroyed them all. 28 So also as it was in the days of Lot: they ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built; 29 but the day Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from the heaven and destroyed them all. 30 Even so it shall be in the day when the Son of Man is revealed. 31 In that day he who shall be on the housetop, and his goods in the house, let him not come down to take them away. And likewise, he who is in the field, let him not return to the things behind. 32 Remember Lot’s wife. 33 Whoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it, and whoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. 34 I tell you, in that night there shall be two in one bed, the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left. 35 Two shall be grinding together, one will be taken, and the other left. 36 Two shall be in the field, one will be taken, and the other left. 37 And they answered and said to Him, Where, Lord? And He said to them, Wherever the body is, there the eagles will be gathered together.

Our books are based on understanding the Jubilee Cycles and how they reveal many end-time prophecies. You must also have an in-depth understanding of the Holy Days. To learn more sign up for our Newsletter at

The Mystery of the Jewish Rapture 2033

There are many people who kept Pentecost Sunday last weekend. Some are doing so this weekened June 12. Are you aware of the deep meaning of this day? If you did you would not be wondering when the Rapture would be. You would know for sure.
Come let us show you the deep meaning behind this Holy Day and how the understanding of it is revealing so many other truths. Order the book today and begin to learn these things right away.

The Riddle Rapture Book Offer

Once you understand the Sabbatical and Jubilee Cycles then you will begin to understand prophecy unlike you have ever understood before. When is the Messiah coming? When is the Rapture?
Jesus spoke in parables so that those who would not obey would not understand. If you do not know when the time of HIs coming is, and when the Saints will be raised or changed in a twinkling of an eye, then maybe, just maybe you are one of those who will not obey.
Those who do obey know. Order both books today and begin to understand unlike you have dreamed of before. Order them both now.
Here is what one person wrote who read the book.
I love the enormous amount of Scripture the author uses in teaching and making a point. Taking a single verse out of context can totally skew the understanding (case in point, Psalm 10:4 and 14:1 both say that there is no God). Instead of leading his readers to his belief system, Mr Dumond lets the Bible lead the way! He just connects the dots.
There were so many Bible verses I never understood, despite many years of Sunday School and Bible studies. Many actually seemed to contradict each other. Once I learned that the Bible uses idioms it made such a difference in my understanding. In English we say things like ‚Äúkilling time‚ÄĚ or ‚Äúkicking the bucket‚ÄĚ and recognize that they express something other then the sum of the individual words. Turns out that Hebrew (the language the Creator chose to record His words) uses many idioms also. Recognizing what they mean opened up my understanding!
I’m about to go thru this book a 2nd time as there is SO much I didn’t get it all the first time!
Order your copy today. Start to read it right now.


Like many of you, I have read so many different ideas as to what the ‚ÄúMark of the Beast‚ÄĚ is. This ‚ÄúMark‚ÄĚ has been said to be the social security cards, or credit cards, then it was thought to be the barcode system, which is largely how we all shop today, but this ISN‚ÄôT even on our hands or foreheads as the scriptures state! Then it was the RFID chip planted in our hands that caused an uproar.
Our Bibles explain this if we would just read it. Let me explain this to you. This is FREE.

Once you have read the Mark of the Beast then you will be sent an email to read The Bismallah 666. So you must sign up for one to get the other.



Just for Fun

Sing the song with the music and with the whole family. Have a little fun as you do it.
Looking for more lines if you are so inclined. Leave them in the comments.
Y’all have some fun now y’hear.
Tune in and watch many of our other teachings about the Sabbatical and Jubilee and the importance of understanding the calendar and begin to understand just how close to the end of this age we are.
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Subscribe to our Youtube channel and watch our interviews and many teachings about the Calendar and the Jubilee Cycles and prophecy.

The Sabbatical and Jubilee Cycles reveal End-Time Prophecy

By understanding the Sabbatical and Jubilee Cycles, you can know when the 7th Millennium will begin. You can also know when the Rapture will be. When the Messiah is going to come.
It is the only way you can understand the Daniel 9 prophecy. Because of this, we were the only Ministry warning you about 2020. We have been shouting out that WAR would start, famines would start, and Plagues would start in 2020 and in this 4th Sabbatical Cycle. We have entered the start of WW III; famines are on the Nightly News, and COVID has rocked the world.
I am still shouting this warning, but the next curse is too unbearable to say.  What is coming is so horrible that you do not want to know it. But it is coming non the less. Worldwide Drought, Worldwide Famine, and Genocide on an unimaginable scale.
Join our weekly Newsletter to be kept up to date and consider learning more about the Sabbatical and Jubilee Cycles from our books.

Sabbath Meetings

There are many people in need of fellowship and who are sitting at home on the Sabbath with no one to talk to or debate with. I want to encourage all of you to join us on Shabbat, and to invite others to come and join us as well. If the time is not convenient then you can listen to the teaching and the midrash after on our YouTube channel.

What are we doing and why do we teach this way?

We are going to discuss both sides of an issue and then let you choose. It is the work of the Ruach (Spirit) to direct and to teach you.

The medieval commentator Rashi wrote that the Hebrew word for wrestle (avek) implies that Jacob was ‚Äútied‚ÄĚ, for the same word is used to describe knotted fringes in a Jewish prayer shawl, the tzitzityot. Rashi says, ‚Äúthus is the manner of two people who struggle to overthrow each other, that one embraces the other and knots him with his arms‚ÄĚ.

Our intellectual wrestling has been replaced by a different kind of struggle. We are Wrestling with Yehovah as we grapple with His Word. It is an intimate act, symbolizing a relationship in which Yehovah and I and you are bound together. My wrestling is a struggle to discover what Yehovah expects of us, and we are ‚Äútied‚ÄĚ to the One who assists us in that struggle.

Today, many say Israel means ‚ÄúChampion of God‚ÄĚ, or better ‚ÄĒ the ‚ÄúWrestler of God‚ÄĚ.

Our Torah sessions each Shabbat teaches you and encourages you to constantly challenge, question, argue against, as well as view alternative views and explanations of the Word. In other words, we are to ‚Äúwrestle with the Word‚ÄĚ to get to the truth. Jews worldwide believe that you need to wrestle with the Word and constantly challenge Dogma, Theology, and views or else you will never get to the Truth.

We are not like most churches where ‚ÄúThe preacher talks and everyone listens.‚ÄĚ We encourage everyone to participate, to question and to contribute what they know on the subject being discussed. We want you to be a champion wrestler of the Word of Yehovah. We want you to wear the title of Israel, knowing that you not only know but are capable of explaining why you know the Torah to be true with logic and facts.

We have a few rules though. Let others talk and listen. There is no discussion about UFO’s Nephilim, Vaccines or conspiracy-type subjects. We have people from around the world with different world views. Not everyone cares who is the President of any particular country. Treat each other with respect as Fellow wrestlers of the word. Some of our subjects are hard to understand and require you to be mature and if you do not know, then listen to gain knowledge and understanding and hopefully wisdom. The very things you are commanded to ask Yehovah for and He gives to those who ask.

Jas 1:5  But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and with no reproach, and it shall be given to him.

We hope you can invite those who want to keep Torah to come and join us by hitting the link below. It is almost like a Torah teaching fellowship talk show with people from around the world taking part and sharing their insights and understandings.

We start off with some music and then some prayers and it’s as though you were sitting around the kitchen back in Newfoundland having a cup of coffee and all of us enjoying each other’s company. I hope you will grace us with your company someday.

Sabbath services begin at 12:30 PM EDT where we will be doing prayers songs and teaching from this hour.

Shabbat Services will begin at about 1:15 pm Eastern.

We look forward to you joining our family and getting to know us as we get to know you.

Joseph Dumond is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.
Topic: Joseph Dumond’s Personal Meeting Room

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Torah Portions

We read through the entire Torah along with the Prophets and the New Testament, once over the course of 3 1/2 years. Or according to the Sabbatical Cycle which means we read it all twice over a 7 year period. This allows us to cover more in-depth rather than being rushed to cover as much as is covered on an annual basis. We allow all to comment and take part in the discussions.

Septennial Torah Portion

If you go to Torah Portion at our archived section, you can then go to the 6th year which is the 6th year of the Sabbatical Cycle, the one we are in now, as we state at the top of every News Letter. There you can scroll down to August 6, 2022, and see that this Shabbat we could very well be midrashing about:

Leviticus 14

Jeremiah 51

Proverbs 26

Acts 23

If you missed last week’s exciting discoveries as we studied that section you can go and watch past Shabbats on our media section.




In this section we will place articles from around the world showing you the headline news and comments as are lining up with prophesy.


America’s Strategic Oil Reserves


The Feasts of YHWH

The Feast Days are fast approaching. Have you made your plans to where you are going to go this year? Here are the dates which could all change by one day depending on the sighting of the moon to begin the 7th Month.


Feast of Trumpets ‚Äď Yom Teruah
1st day of the Seventh Month
Monday, August 29, 2022
(Begins Sunset night before)

Day of Atonement ‚Äď Yom Kippur
10th Day of the Seventh Month
Wednesday, September 7, 2022
(Begins Sunset night before)

Feast of Sukkot ‚Äď Feast of Tabernacles
15th day of the Seventh Month
Monday, September 12, 2022
(Begins Sunset night before)

8th Day Feast ‚Äď Feast of Dedication
22nd Day of the Seventh Month
Monday, September 19, 2022
(Begins Sunset night before)


Oh Holy Night

I would like you to listen to this version of Oh Holy Night as we approach The Feast of Trumpets.

And then I would like you to listen to this version of What Child is This.


Each year when Christmas comes around many of us refuse to get involved because we understand the real meaning of this time of year that the world keeps at December 25th. But, in so doing we often neglect to celebrate the true birth of Yehshua and all that took place around that time. Yehshua was born on the Feast of Yom Teruah. This is the reason we now have party horns to blow on our birthdays today. Some people (I was once one of them, but not now) have taken a church teaching and no longer keep birthdays. They do this on the basis that every time a birthday is mentioned in the bible people die.

Nowhere in the Bible is it stated that observing birthdays is wrong. Those who do say it is wrong use four predominant lines of reasoning to prevent their flocks celebrating birthdays:

  1. People died at the two birthdays mentioned in the Bible
  2. Day of death better than birth ‚Äď undue honour
  3. Not celebrated by Jews or Christians
  4. Pagan

When presented together, these may appear to provide solid defense against birthdays. However, when deconstructed each point shows poor logic.

This is based on comments such as the following:

‚ÄúThe Bible reports only two birthday celebrations, both of persons who were not servants of the true God. The first was that of Pharaoh of Egypt. It was marked by the hanging of Pharaoh‚Äôs baker, who had been in prison with Joseph. ‚Ķ The second, some 1,800 years later, was the birthday of Herod Antipas [during which the daughter of Herodias asked for] ‚ÄėThe head of John the baptizer.‚Äô ‚Ķ Is it just coincidental that they are mentioned and that both were for persons not having God‚Äôs approval? Or could it be that Jehovah deliberately had these details recorded in his Word, which he says is ‚Äúbeneficial for teaching, for reproving, for setting things straight‚ÄĚ?‚ÄĚ

Let us take back the birth of Yehshua and do it on the proper date and with the proper understanding of all that it reveals to us about the future.

Chapter 1
Dedication to Theophilus

Inasmuch as many have taken in hand to set in order a narrative of those things which have been fulfilled among us, just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word delivered them to us, it seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write to you an orderly account, most excellent Theophilus, that you may know the certainty of those things in which you were instructed.

John’s Birth Announced to Zacharias

There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah. His wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless. But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both well advanced in years.

So it was, that while he was serving as priest before God in the order of his division, according to the custom of the priesthood, his lot fell to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. And the whole multitude of the people was praying outside at the hour of incense. Then an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on the right side of the altar of incense. And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.

But the angel said to him, ‚ÄúDo not be afraid, Zacharias, for your prayer is heard; and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. For he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink. He will also be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother‚Äôs womb. And he will turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God. He will also go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, ‚Äėto turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,‚Äô and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.‚ÄĚ

And Zacharias said to the angel, ‚ÄúHow shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is well advanced in years.‚ÄĚ

And the angel answered and said to him, ‚ÄúI am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God, and was sent to speak to you and bring you these glad tidings. But behold, you will be mute and not able to speak until the day these things take place, because you did not believe my words which will be fulfilled in their own time.‚ÄĚThere is also the story of Molech and his birthday on December 25 the winter solstice. This is another proof not to keep birthdays.

Coming from the Churches of God I was one who would not keep birthdays. I regret this now for my family’s sake. I was just ignorant of all the facts. Don’t you be so ignorant also.

Nehemiah Gordon writes that most Jews have no clue what the meaning of the Blowing of Trumpets is about.

One of the unique¬†things about Yom Teruah is that the Torah does not say what the purpose of this holy day is. The Torah gives at least one reason for all the other holy days and two reasons for some. The Feast of Matzot (Unleavened Bread) commemorates the Exodus from Egypt, but it is also a celebration of the beginning of the barley harvest (Exodus 23:15; Leviticus 23:4‚Äď14). The Feast of Shavuot (Weeks) is a celebration of the wheat harvest (Exodus 23:16; 34:22). Yom Ha-Kippurim is a national day of atonement as described in great detail in Leviticus 16. Finally, the Feast of Sukkot (Booths) commemorates the wandering of the Israelites in the desert and is also a celebration of the ingathering of agricultural produce (Exodus 23:16). In contrast to all these Torah festivals, Yom Teruah has no clear purpose other than that we are commended to rest on this day.

Many Messed up Messianic are now believing that Yehshua was born at Sukkot because of the faulty logic that He must have been circumcised on the 8th day. And that is the end of their research. Again do not be ignorant of the truth. Search all things.

This week I want to share what is normally called the Christmas story. It is not the Christmas story but it is the birth of the Messiah Yehshua. Yehovah would not send His son on just any old day. And most of you have never heard the whole story before. We are just weeks away from this momentous event in the lives of mankind. Do you not think you should know it, so you can teach your kids and grandchildren the truth? Now you can.

Let us now read with our children about the birth of Yehshua. Note that they took Yehshua up to the Temple after her impurity was over.

Click on the following link to our factual teaching of the Birth of our King.

We are just over two weeks away from Yom Teruah, the Feast of Shouting, the Feast of Trumpets. This is the Feast that the Jews do not know the meaning of.

On the 1st day of the Seventh month¬†(Tishrei) the Torah commands us to observe the holy day of Yom Teruah which means ‚ÄúDay of Shouting‚ÄĚ (Lev 23:23-25; Nu 29:1-6). Yom Teruah is a day of rest on which work is forbidden. One of the unique things about Yom Teruah is that the Torah does not say what the purpose of this holy day is. The Torah gives at least one reason for all the other holy days and two reasons for some. The Feast of Matzot (Unleavened Bread) commemorates the Exodus from Egypt but it is also a celebration of the beginning of the barley harvest (Exodus 23:15; Lev 23:4‚Äď14). The Feast of Shavuot (Weeks) is a celebration of the wheat harvest (Ex 23:16; 34:22). Yom Ha-Kippurim is a national day of atonement as described in great detail in Leviticus 16. Finally the Feast of Sukkot (Booths) commemorates the wandering of the Israelites in the desert but it is also a celebration of the ingathering of agricultural produce (Ex 23:16). In contrast to all these Torah festivals, Yom Teruah has no clear purpose other than that we are commanded to rest on this day.

The name of Yom Teruah may provide a clue as to its purpose. Teruah literally means to make a loud noise. This word can describe the noise made by a trumpet but it also describes the noise made by a large gathering of people shouting in unison (Nu 10:5‚Äď6). For example:
‚ÄúAnd it shall come to pass when the ram‚Äôs horn makes a long blast, when you hear the sound of the shofar, the entire nation will shout a great shout, and the wall of the city shall fall in its place, and the people shall go up as one man against it.‚ÄĚ (Joshua 6:5)

Many times I am asked if it is okay to celebrate a birthday. So many people want nothing to do with the day a person was born. They associate it with an evil or pagan thing. But is that correct?

Yom Teruah, the day of Shouting, is about the day the Messiah was born and it is the announcement that He has arrived. Stop and ask yourself if Yehovah would really send the Messiah on just any old day? The answer is no. As you just read, many of the Holy Days have one or more meaningful events take place on them.

Yom Teruah is the day the Messiah was born and it is also the day upon which He will come at the end of the 7th Millennium just before the 8th one begins. We have taught on this before. If you want proof as to how I know Yehshua was born on this day then you can read the following articles:

Each year we all shy away from the story of the Messianic birth because it is surrounded by the Christmas story on December 25. I noticed I have never taught on this story and it was mainly for that reason. Yom Teruah is the birth of Yehshua and this year I wanted to go over those verses that lead up to that very important time when the angels were blowing their shofars to announce it. The Day of Blowing. Hmmm.
At the same time this will answer the question about birthdays. Always ask yourself, what does Yehovah say about this?
Let us go through the entire story of the birth of the Messiah and understand. I will point out those things along the way that you should be made aware of.

Luk 1:1  Since many took in hand to draw up an account concerning the matters which have been borne out among us, 2  even as those who from the beginning delivered to us, becoming eye-witnesses and ministers of the Word, 3  it seemed good to me also, following all things accurately from the very first, to write to you in order, most excellent Theophilus, 4  so that you might know the certainty of those things in which you have been instructed. 5  In the days of Herod, the king of Judea, there was a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abijah. And his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth.

The course of Abijah. Many use this to teach about the birth of the Messiah. Lets look at it briefly.

The Course of Abija
Posted on November 2, 2012
How many of you have heard of the course of Abija?  Did you know it is one of the only ways to date the birth of Jesus in the Bible?  95% of Americans will celebrate the birth of Christ this year, so I thought some might be interested in the Biblical case for the timing of the birth of Jesus Christ.
Most are familiar with story of the birth of Christ from Luke 2.  But it is Luke 1 that provides the means by which the timing of the birth of Jesus can be determined.  In Luke 1 we have the story of Zacharias, the priest, and his wife, Elisabeth.  Zacharias and Elisabeth were well on in years and without children.  As it is told in Luke 1, Zacharias was performing his duty in the temple when the angel appeared and told him they would have a son and to call his name John.  Needless to say Zacharias was somewhat incredulous, considering their age.  As proof of his message the angel told Zacharias he would be unable to speak until the day the message was fulfilled.
The passage goes on to say that Elisabeth conceived after Zacharias’ service ended.  Then 6 months later Mary, the mother of Jesus, conceived.  Zacharias performed his priestly service during the course of Abijah which fell during the latter part of the 4thmonth.  From this it is a simple matter to determine the general time of the birth of Jesus.  The chart below gives the priestly courses in relation to the conception of Elisabeth and Mary.
Luke 1:35-37  35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.  36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren.  37 For with God nothing shall be impossible.

What most people never think of is Adar Bet.  Adar Bet is the 13 month in the Calendar. In other words a leap year.  Is it possible to have a leap year in these courses of the Priestly duties? Yes, it is. Was the year Yehshua born a leap year?  You cannot use the current Hebrew calendar for this calculation as it had not yet been instituted which only occurred in the 12th century C.E. We have no real way to be certain if a leap year had occurred or not. But let’s just look at the chart above. Yehshua was born at the end of the ninth month, not the beginning of it and not after 8 1/2 months on Sukkot. He was born after 9 complete months. When Adar Bet is added after the month of Adar then the birth of Yehshua comes at the end of the ninth month, on the first day of the 10th month of Mary’s pregnancy. This is the first of Tishri or Yom Teruah.

Childbirth usually occurs about 38 weeks after conception; in women who have a menstrual cycle length of four weeks, this is approximately 40 weeks from the start of the last normal menstrual period (LNMP)

If you count the weeks from the very week Mary should have gotten pregnant you will see that by the end of the month of Tishri would only be 36 weeks. Yet she gives birth after 38 weeks. Now let us add one Adar Bet or a leap month. But there is one more thing everyone is missing. Elizabeth was in her 6th month. It was still the 6th month not the start of the 7th, as the chart is showing you and most people then begin to count from.
You have 4 weeks in that 6th month to work from. Mary is told this news during the 6th month. After this news she departs in haste to go and see Elizabeth and by the time she gets there Mary is pregnant. All of this happens during the 6th month. So was it the first week or the 2nd week or third week? You are about to prove it for yourself.
Now, let us count the weeks from the beginning of the 6th month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy.

Tevet the 10th month 4 weeks

Shivat the 11th month 8 weeks

Adar 1 the 12th month 12 weeks

Adar 2 the 13th Month 16 weeks

Nisan the 1st month 20 weeks

Iyar the 2nd month 24 weeks

Sivan the 3rd month 28 weeks

Tammuz the 4th month 32 weeks

Av the 5th month 36 weeks

Elul the 6th month 40 weeks

We can then assume that the 6th month was half over and that Mary conceived in the middle of the sixth month. 38 weeks later takes you to the end of the month of Elul and the birth of Yehshua on the 1st of Tishri, The Feast of Trumpets. Just as we quoted our source above said it would 38 weeks after conception.
Now we know for sure Yehshua was not born on December 25. And we also now know He was not born at Sukkot.

6 And they were both righteous before God, walking blameless in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord.7 And they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren. And both were advanced in their days. 8 And it happened in his serving in the order of his course, before God, 9 according to the custom of the priests, it was his lot to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. 10 And all the multitude of the people were praying outside at the time of incense. 11 And an angel of the Lord appeared to him as he was standing on the right of the altar of incense. 12 And seeing this, Zacharias was troubled, and fear fell on him. 13 But the angel said to him, Do not fear, Zacharias. For your prayer is heard, and your wife Elizabeth shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. 14 And you shall have joy and gladness, and many shall rejoice at his birth. 15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall neither drink wine nor strong drink. And he shall be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb.

Look at what Yehshua said about John:

Mat 11:7And as they departed, Jesus began to say to the crowds concerning John, What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken with the wind? ¬†8But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft¬†clothing? Behold, they who wear soft¬†clothing¬†are in kings‚Äô houses. ¬†9But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yea, I say to you, and¬†one¬†more excellent than a prophet. ¬†10For this is¬†the one¬†of whom it is written, ‚ÄúBehold, I send My messenger before Your face, who shall prepare Your way before You.‚ÄĚ ¬†11Truly I say to you, Among¬†those¬†who have been born of women there has not risen a greater one than John the Baptist. But the least in the kingdom of Heaven is greater than he. ¬†12And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of Heaven is taken by violence, and the violent take it by force. ¬†13For all the Prophets and the Law prophesied until John. ¬†14And if you will receive¬†it, this is Elijah who is to come.¬†15He who has ears to hear, let him hear.
Luke1:16 And he shall turn many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God. 17 And he shall go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord. 18 And Zacharias said to the angel, By what shall I know this? For I am old, and my wife is advanced in her days. 19 And answering, the angel said to him, I am Gabriel, who stands before God. And I am sent to speak to you and to show you these glad tidings. 20 And behold, you shall be silent and not able to speak until the day that these things shall be performed, because you did not believe my words which shall be fulfilled in their time.

Compare the doubt of Zacharias to the words of Mary when the angel greeted her. A stark contrast and a warning for us.

21 And the people waited for Zacharias and marveled that he stayed so long in the temple. 22 And when he came out, he could not speak to them. And they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple. And he was making signs to them, and remained speechless. 23 And as soon as the days of his service were accomplished, he departed to his own house. 24 And after those days his wife Elizabeth conceived and hid herself five months, saying, 25 So the Lord has dealt with me in the days in which He looked on me, to take away my reproach among men.

Notice that Zacharias did not know Elizabeth until ‚Äúafter‚ÄĚ he had completed his time at the temple. And then in the next verse it says ‚ÄúIN‚ÄĚ the sixth month.

26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God into a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,

This name Nazareth is

G3478 ????????, ???????? Nazareth  Nazaret
Of uncertain derivation;¬†Nazareth¬†or¬†Nazaret, a place in Palestine: ‚Äď Nazareth.

On our last tour of Israel with Avi ben Mordechai we stopped at the city of Gamala. I hope to have up the video teaching I recorded of this city. If so, you can see it here. But here is the evidence of Gamala. Yehshua was a netser or in other words, a BRANCH See the notes on Mathew 2:23 below. He was not from Nazareth.

Evidence Found at Gamala
‚ÄúAnd seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him:‚ÄĚ‚ÄĒMatthew 5:1
The numerous mentions of mountains and their proximity to the Sea of Galilee, in the gospels, should raise a red flag as Nazareth is more than twenty miles from the Sea and situated on a flat plateau and Capernaum is at sea level, but with no mountains. However, the Sea is actually visible from Gamala or Gamla, which is seven miles northeast of the east bank, and unlike Nazareth actually existed during the time of Christ and had its own Temple, This city, which was excavated during the 1970’s and 80s, was the home of Judas of Galilee, and would too closely tie the Jesus of Christianity with the Jewish rebels. It is also the main region inhabited by the original Nazorean sect.
‚ÄúHerod, upon his return to Syria, finding himself unable to reach the robbers themselves, invaded Trachon and slew many of their relations there, in retaliation for which they still more harassed and pillaged his territory (‚ÄúAntiquities‚ÄĚ xvi. 91). In the end, Herod threw 2000 Idumzeans into Trachonitis (i6. 2), and placed a Babylonian Jew named Zamaris, a leader of mercenaries, in command of the surrounding districts. Zamaris built fortresses, and a village called Bathyra, and protected the Jews coming up from Babylon to attend the feasts in Jerusalem against the Trachonite robbers. The consequence was that, till the end of Herod‚Äôs reign, the country around Trachonitis enjoyed tranquillity‚ÄĚ‚ÄďJosephus, ‚ÄúAntiquities‚ÄĚ xvii. 2 1-2.
Bathyra was the academy built on the deserted estate of John Hyrcanus. Herod promised five hundred Babylonians tax-free status forever if they built a military academy there to protect his border. On their own they established a religious academy with such teachers as Hillel (110 BCE-10CE) and his grandson Gamaliel I. From topographic descriptions of the camel humps used to identify both Bathyra and Gamala, one can conclude that they are synonymous.

The city of Gamala on the Golan derived its name from gamal (Hebrew for camel), since it was situated on a hill shaped like a camels hump. The Hasmonean ruler Alexander Yannaeus founded the city in the first century BCE and it continued to be inhabited by Jews, as attested to by Josephus Flavius (Antiquities of the Jews 13:394). Josephus, a Jew, was Commander of Galilee during the Jewish Revolt against Rome and in 66 CE fortified Gamala as his main stronghold on the Golan. He gives a very detailed topographical description of the city and describes the Roman siege under the command of Vespasian which led to its conquest in 67 CE. The Romans attempted to take the city by means of a siege ramp, but were turned back by the defenders; only on the second attempt did they succeed in penetrating the fortifications and conquering the city. Thousands of inhabitants were slaughtered, while others chose to jump to their deaths from the top of the cliff (Josephus, The Jewish War IV, 1-83). Gamala has not been rebuilt since.

The following is the history leading up to the birth of Yehshua. It was a very tough area to grow up in as Herod sought to kill off the line of people who descended from the Davidic line. I have edited the dates of this article to match those of the birth of Yehshua.

Gamla, the Home of the Jewish Resistance Movement
Where Prince Matthan ben Eliezar lived we have no direct evidence to date, but the genealogy and history suggests that his family may have lived in the hilltop fortress of Gamla.  Matthan’s first born son, Jacob, became the Patriarch of the Jerusalem Patriarchate.  He lived in Jerusalem as the first of the Abiudite Davidian Lineage Princes to achieve such predominance in Jewish governance since the days of the Persian Governor Nehemiah and his descendants, who also served as Persian Governors of Judea. They were all heirs of Governor Zerubabbel by his 1st Babylonian wife, Amytis.

Secular history does attest that the second oldest son of Matthan ben Eliezar, Hezekiah the Zealot lived in later years near the western shores of Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee) at the city of Sepphoris while his younger brother Judas of Gamala kept his identity with his native city of Gamla, on the eastern side of Galilean Sea.  The evidence suggests that Jacob, Hezekiah, and Judas grew up in the region of the city of Gamla.

The city of Gamla in the foothills of the Golan Ridge gets its name from the Hebrew word, gamal, which means camel. There on a ridge that looked like a camel’s rump, the Hasmonean king, Alexander Jannaeus founded the city, whose historical roots go all the way back to the Early Bronze Age and later conquered by Joshua and the Israelites.  Gamla was annexed into the Hasmonean State in 81 BCE.
As late as 66 CE, it was the Jewish Commander of Galilee, Flavius Josephus, who also fortified the city of Gamala in anticipation of the arrival of the Roman legions of General Vespasian (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews XIII, 394).  Located on a basaltic rocky ridge completely surrounded by deep ravines and gorges, a shallow saddle separated the city from the rest of the ridge.  This provided the city with great strategic and defensive positions. At the top of the hill the ridge become very narrow and pointed with a deep slope on the northern face and a more graduated slope where the city was built on the south. To the east was the entrance to the city and fronted by a massive square basalt stone fortification wall.   It had multiple square towers on the side while a circular citadel tower was built on the crest.
After a siege and two attempts with rampart siege engines, the Roman forces penetrated the fortress on the eastern fortification walls with a five meter wide breach depicted evidence of significant fighting with arrowheads and numerous ballistic balls. As the fighting progressed into the city, the soldiers and citizens retreated to the citadel on the top of the cliff.Over four thousand Jewish fighters were killed in battle while over five thousand were killed fleeing towards the cliffs and to their death.Only until the 70’s was the city of Gamala archeologically rediscovered and identified.

In the year of 23 BCE, the sister and twin brothers of Joseph were secretly removed to the home of their uncle, Hezekiah the Zealot up in Galilee so they could be outside the reach of King Herod’s grasp, when their father and Hezekiah’s brother, Patriarch of Jerusalem, Jacob ben Matthan was executed on charges of sedition against the royal throne of King Herod.  It also appears that the three daughters, Hannah, Elizabeth, and Joanne, born to the reigning High Priest of Israel, Yeshua III were also secreted to the same region in the same year.
It was during that year, that King Herod in a fit of amorous passion rearranged the political and religious Jewish hierarchy by executing the leading officer of the Jerusalem Patriarchate and deposing and probably executing the High Priest in order that he could appoint a new High Priest, Simon V Boethus, so that he could marry his daughter, Miriamne II.
The evidence is still not clear whether Hezekiah the Zealot, a name that he may have earned in later years, was living in the fortress city of Gamla in 23 BCE, for where we find Hezekiah the Zealot, now involved in the Jewish Resistance Movement around 6 BCE, involved in setting up the Theocratic State of Galilee at the city of Sepphoris on the western coast of Galilee.  It appears the younger son, Judas of Gamala, stayed closer to the home front and earned the name of its identity.

In the center of the city was an impressive rectangular shaped synagogue oriented in the directed of Jerusalem to the southwest.  The central pillared synagogue had several rows of stone-built benches along the walls. In the courtyard were wide steps that led down to the mikvah ritual baths of purification. The city, located on the sides of the mountain was terraced with stepped alleys, and in the western part of the city were residences with large rooms suggesting owners of distinction, wealth, and prominence.  The numerous oil presses suggested an agrarian economy that was supported by its olive oil industry.

Within the fire and conflagration¬†of the¬†collapsing walls, the¬†city for nineteen hundred years was preserved.¬†Within the ruins¬†were¬†found unique coins¬†that were¬†minted at Gamla¬†during the¬†Jewish Revolt.¬† On the¬†observe¬†was¬†written¬†the words,¬†ligeulat, meaning ‚Äúfor the redemption of‚Ä̬†and on¬†the reverse,¬†Yerushalayim Hakedosha¬†meaning¬†‚ÄúHoly Jerusalem‚ÄĚ.¬† This highlights¬†the¬†strong ties between¬†the¬†Citadel at Gamla¬†and the¬†city of Jerusalem¬†and the¬†firm belief¬†of the¬†citizens at Gamala¬†that¬†their defense¬†was also a¬†defense to save Jerusalem. The intense Zionistic fervor¬†was¬†preserved¬†to¬†its last days.

After the revolt and execution of Simon V of Perea, the last of the all-Jewish Tobaidite Davidian princes, the next Davidian prince to rise in opposition to Rome was the brother of Patriarch Jacob ben Matthan; Hezekiah the Zealot in 4 BCE.  Jacob, apparently the oldest, was the Patriarch of Jerusalem between the years of 32 to 23 BCE.  He was killed, according to David Hughes, on charges of sedition against the Herodian state the same year that Yeshua III (Jesus III) the high priest was removed from the office of the high priest with the same charges.

It was¬†in the¬†year of¬†23 BCE, the¬†children¬†of¬†Patriarch Jacob¬†were¬†secreted out of Jerusalem¬†and¬†taken to Gamala¬†to be¬†raised¬†in the¬†home of their uncle, the¬†brother of¬†Jacob,¬†Hezekiah the Zealot.¬† The¬†children¬†of¬†Jacob the Patriarch¬†were;¬†Princess Miriam (12 years old),¬†Prince Joseph (6 years old),¬†and the¬†‚Äútwins‚ÄĚ Ptolas and Clopas (3 years old).

Their mother, Cleopatra of Jerusalem, now a widow, was taken under the orders of King Herod and given to be the wife of the new High Priest, Simon IV Boethus.  This young Egyptian Princess, Cleopatra of Jerusalem, appeared to be a pawn of political expediency for King Herod.
There¬†in the¬†home¬†of¬†Hezekiah (Hizkiah or Ezekias),¬†the¬†four children¬†of¬†Patriarch Jacob: Miriam,¬†Joseph, Ptolas,¬†and¬†Clopas¬†were¬†raised¬†with¬†Hezekiah‚Äôs three sons: Judas, Menahem,¬†and¬†Jacob.¬†Truly lovers of Israel, the¬†foster family¬†of¬†Prince Joseph, were¬†classical Zionists,¬†ones who dearly loved¬†their¬†‚Äúpromised land‚Ä̬†and¬†firmly believed¬†in the¬†Providential Covenant¬†of the¬†Promise¬†that¬†‚ÄúThis Land is Our Land‚ÄĚ.¬†¬†Yet,¬†within the¬†heart¬†of¬†Uncle Hezekiah¬†was a¬†burning ache¬†that¬†it was not part¬†of¬†God‚Äôs covenant¬†that¬†they were destined¬†to be¬†slaves and pawns¬†under the¬†tyrannical rule of King Herod.

All the children¬†were¬†grown up, and¬†adults of their own, in the¬†year¬†that¬†King Herod died¬†in the¬†fall of 1 BCE.¬†¬†Prince Joseph, a¬†‚ÄúCarpenter‚Ä̬†or¬†‚ÄúMaster Guildsman‚Ä̬†by¬†trade, who was¬†capable of doing¬†any¬†form of construction,¬†was¬†financially struggling¬†under the¬†heavy hand¬†of¬†King Herod, as¬†he sought¬†to¬†eliminate¬†in¬†pogroms of terror¬†any¬†Davidian prince¬†that¬†lived within¬†his¬†kingdom.
By the year¬†of 1¬†BCE,¬†Prince Joseph‚Äôs¬†adopted Son,¬†Yehoshua (Jesus),¬†who was¬†conceived¬†by his¬†betrothed bride,¬†Princess Miriam¬†under¬†miraculous circumstances¬†was¬†two years old.¬†¬†¬†Suddenly¬†the¬†village¬†of¬†Bethlehem ‚ÄúEphrata‚Ä̬†was¬†under siege¬†in a¬†commando massacre raid¬†early in 1 BCE, after a¬†group of¬†Magi from the East¬†came¬†into the¬†city of Jerusalem, looking for the¬†royal child¬†who was¬†destined¬†to be the¬†‚Äúking of the Jews‚ÄĚ.¬† The¬†royal family¬†of¬†Prince Joseph¬†and¬†Princess Miriam¬†were¬†not to be found, for in an¬†act of divine providence,¬†Joseph¬†was¬†warned to escape¬†to the¬†land of Egypt.

By 1 BCE,¬†the¬†older sister¬†of¬†Prince Joseph,¬†Princess Miriam(also), now at the¬†age of thirty one, was¬†married¬†to¬†Prince Theudas, who was¬†famous¬†to be the¬†last of the anti-Princes¬†and the¬†oldest son¬†of the¬†anti-king Athronges.¬†He was¬†the¬†last dynastic Patriarch¬†of the¬†Pelatiahite¬†Lineage¬†that¬†once descended¬†from the¬†officially approved Jewish lineages¬†of the¬†oldest son¬†of¬†Governor Zerubabbel¬†and his¬†3rd¬†Jewish wife,¬†Esthra‚Äôs¬†second son,¬†Prince Pelatiah.¬† They¬†also¬†had¬†been outcasts¬†in¬†Jewish society¬†for¬†Pelatiah¬†had¬†married a ‚Äúforeign‚ÄĚ bride.

Prince Theudas¬†was¬†different. He was a¬†man of peace¬†and¬†later became¬†a¬†rabbi (teacher) and leader¬†in the¬†Jesus messianic movement¬†called the¬†Nazarenes. History¬†would¬†later reveal¬†that¬†Theudas¬†was a part of the¬†chosen ‚ÄúSeventy‚Ä̬†and¬†later¬†as a¬†‚Äúprophet‚ÄĚ of renown¬†that¬†Josephus¬†called a¬†‚Äúwizard‚Ä̬†or¬†‚Äúmiracle worker‚ÄĚ, a name¬†that was¬†also¬†called his¬†nephew,¬†Yehoshua HaMaschiach (Jesus the Messiah).

You can read the rest of this excellent account at the link above.

Luke 1:27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And the angel came in to her and said, Hail, one receiving grace, the Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women. 29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and considered what kind of greeting this might be. 30 And the angel said to her, Do not fear, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And behold! You shall conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call His name JESUS.
G2424  ????????   Ie?sous   ee-ay-sooce’
Of Hebrew origin [H3091];¬†Jesus¬†(that is,¬†Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites: ‚Äď Jesus.
H3091  ??????    ????????   yeho?shu?a?  yeho?shu?a?    yeh-ho-shoo’-ah, yeh-ho-shoo’-ah 
From¬†H3068¬†and¬†H3467;¬†Jehovah-saved;¬†Jehoshua¬†(that is, Joshua), the Jewish leader: ‚Äď Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Compare¬†H1954,¬†H3442.
H3068    ????     yeho?va?h     yeh-ho-vaw’ 
From¬†H1961; (the)¬†self¬†Existent¬†or eternal;¬†Jehovah, Jewish national name of God: ‚Äď Jehovah, the Lord. Compare¬†H3050,¬†H3069.
H3467    ????    ya?sha?     yaw-shah’
A primitive root; properly to¬†be¬†open,¬†wide¬†or¬†free, that is, (by implication) to¬†be¬†safe; causatively to¬†free¬†or¬†succor: ‚Äst¬†X at all, avenging, defend, deliver (-er), help, preserve, rescue, be safe, bring (having) salvation, save (-iour), get victory.
H1954     ?????     ho?she?a?     ho-shay’-ah
From¬†H3467;¬†deliverer;¬†Hoshea, the name of five Israelites: ‚Äď Hosea, Hoshea, Oshea.
H3442     ??????     ye?shu?a?     yah-shoo’-ah
For¬†H3091;¬†he¬†will¬†save;¬†Jeshua, the name of two Israelites, also of a place in Palestine: ‚Äď Jeshua.

His name was to be called Yeshua or Yehoshua. He was not called Jesus.

32 He shall be great and shall be called the Son of the Highest. And the Lord God shall give Him the throne of His father David. 33 And He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there shall be no end. 34 Then Mary said to the angel, How shall this be, since I do not know a man? 35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Spirit shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you. Therefore also that Holy One which will be born of you shall be called Son of God.

Let us now read Isaiah and Revelation which describe this event that is written in the stars. The constellation Virgo explains this same prophecy.

Isa 7:14 So, the Lord Himself shall give you a sign. Behold, the virgin will conceive and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call His name Immanuel.
Rev 12:1  And there appeared a great sign in the heavens, a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon was under her feet, and a crown of twelve stars on her head, 2  and having a babe in womb, she cries, being in travail, having been distressed to bear. 3  And another sign was seen in the heavens. And behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads! 4  And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and cast them onto the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman being about to bear, so that when she bears he might devour her child. 5  And she bore a son, a male, who is going to rule all nations with a rod of iron. And her child was caught up to God and to His throne.
H6005     ????????     ?imma?nu?’e?l    im-maw-noo-ale’
From¬†H5973¬†and¬†H410¬†with suffix pronoun inserted;¬†with¬†us¬†(is)¬†God;¬†Immanuel, a name of Isaiah‚Äôs son: ‚Äď Immanuel.

He shall be called Yah with us. God with us. Yehovah, Yah Saves.

36 And behold, your cousin Elizabeth also conceived a son in her old age. And this is the sixth month with her who was called barren. 37 For with God nothing shall be impossible. 38 And Mary said, Behold the servant of the Lord. Let it be to me according to your word. And the angel departed from her. 39 And Mary arose in those days and went into the hill country with haste, to a city of Judah. 40 And she entered into the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41 And it happened as Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit, 42 and cried out with a loud voice and said, Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. 43 And from where is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44 For lo, as the voice of your greeting sounded in my ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy. 45 And blessed is she who believes, for there shall be a perfecting of those things which were told her from the Lord. 46 And Mary said, My soul magnifies the Lord, 47 and my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior. 48 For He looked on the humiliation of His slave woman. For, behold, from now on all generations shall count me blessed. 49 For the Mighty One has done great things for me; and holy is His name. 50 And His mercy is on those who fear Him from generation to generation. 51 He has worked power with His arm, He has scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart. 52 He has put down rulers from their seats and exalted the lowly, 53 He has filled the hungry with good things, and He has sent away the rich empty. 54 He has helped His servant Israel, in remembrance of His mercy, 55 as He spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his seed forever. 56 And Mary stayed with her about three months, and returned to her own house. 57 And the time was fulfilled to Elizabeth for her to bear. And she bore a son. 58 And her neighbors and her kinsfolk heard how the Lord had magnified His mercy with her, and they rejoiced with her. 59 And it happened that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and were calling it Zacharias, after his father’s name. 60 And his mother answered and said, No, but he shall be called John. 61 And they said to her, There is none of your kindred that is called by this name. 62 And they made signs to his father as to how he would have him called. 63 And he asked for a writing tablet and wrote, saying, His name is John. And they all marveled. 64  And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosened. And he spoke and praised God. 65  And fear came on all who lived all around them. And all these things were talked about throughout all the hill country of Judea. 66  And all those who heard laid them up in their hearts, saying, What kind of child shall this be! And the hand of the Lord was with him. 67  And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying, 68  Blessed is the Lord, the God of Israel, for He has visited and redeemed His people 69  and has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of His servant David, 70  as He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets from eternity; 71  that we should be saved from our enemies and from the hand of all who hate us, 72  to perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember His holy covenant, 73  the oath which He swore to our father Abraham, 74  that He would grant to us, that we, being delivered out of the hand of our enemies, might serve Him without fear 75  in holiness and righteousness before Him all the days of our life. 76  And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Highest, for you shall go before the face of the Lord to prepare His ways, 77  to give knowledge of salvation to His people by the remission of their sins, 78  through the tender mercy of our God; by which the Dayspring from on high has visited us, 79  to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace. 80  And the child grew and became strong in spirit and was in the deserts until the day of his showing to Israel.

Luk 2:1¬†¬†And it happened in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.¬†2¬†¬†(This taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)¬†3¬†¬†And all went to be registered, each to¬†his¬†own city.¬†4¬†¬†And Joseph also went up from Galilee to be taxed (out of¬†the¬†city of Nazareth, into Judea, to¬†the¬†city of David which is called Bethlehem, because he was of¬†the¬†house and family line of David).¬†5¬†¬†And he took Mary his betrothed wife, being with child.¬†6¬†¬†And while they were there, the days¬†for¬†her deliverance were fulfilled.¬†7¬†¬†And she brought forth her son, the First-born, and wrapped Him, and laid Him in a manger‚Äď because there was no room for them in the inn.¬†8¬†¬†And in the same country there were shepherds living in the field, keeping watch over their flock¬†by¬†night.

After Sukkot the weather changes and is rainy and cold. No one is out in the fields at this time. But they are still out there up until Sukkot. The Feast of Trumpets takes place 15 days before Sukkot.

9  And lo, the angel of the Lord came on them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them. And they were grievously afraid. 10  And the angel said to them, Do not fear. For behold, I give to you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. 11  For to you is born today, in the city of David, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12  And this is a sign to you. You will find the babe wrapped, lying in a manger. 13  And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God and saying, 14  Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

The Feast of Shouting. Here it is and no one sees it. The announcement of the Arrival of the Messiah. The Feast of Shouting.

15  And it happened as the angels departed from them into Heaven, the shepherds said to one another, Indeed, let us go to Bethlehem and see this thing which has happened, which the Lord made known to us. 16  And hurrying they came and sought out both Mary and Joseph, and the babe lying in the manger. 17  And seeing, they publicly told about the word spoken to them concerning this Child. 18  And all those who heard marveled about the things spoken to them by the shepherds. 19  But Mary kept all these sayings, meditating in her heart. 20  And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as was spoken to them. 21  And when eight days were fulfilled to circumcise the child, His name was called JESUS, the name called by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.

All males are to be circumcised on the 8th day after they’re birth. But do people actually read what it says here? If they did then they would not be arguing that Jesus was born at Sukkot and circumcised on the 8th day of the Feast. Read what is said in Leviticus.

Lev 12:2  Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, If a woman has conceived seed and has borne a male, then she shall be unclean seven days; as on the days of her menstrual impurity she shall be unclean. 3  And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. 4  And she shall then continue in the blood of her purifying thirty-three days. She shall touch no holy thing, nor come into the sanctuary, until the days of her purifying are fulfilled.

This word sanctuary is the Temple, and Mary would not have been allowed up there in her impurity. So it was not until 40 days (7 + 33) after the birth of Yehshua that they brought him up to the Temple, as we read in verse 22. From the time of his birth until 40 days later they stayed in Bethlehem.
H4720    ??????    ??????     miqda?sh  miqqeda?sh      mik-dawsh’, mik-ked-awsh’
From H6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum: ‚Äď chapel, hallowed part, holy place, sanctuary.
22  And when the days of her purification according to the Law of Moses were fulfilled, they brought Him to Jerusalem, to present Him to the Lord 23  (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, Every male that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord) 24  and to offer a sacrifice according to that said in the Law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons. 25  And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. And this man was just and devout, waiting for the Consolation of Israel. And the Holy Spirit was on him. 26  And it happened to him, being instructed by the Holy Spirit, he was not to see death before he would see the Christ of the Lord. 27  And he came by the Spirit into the temple. And as the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do according to the custom of the Law concerning Him, 28  even he received Him in his arms and blessed God, and said, 29  Lord, now You will let Your servant depart in peace, according to Your word. 30  For my eyes have seen Your Salvation 31  which You have prepared before the face of all the peoples, 32  a light for revelation to the nations, and the glory of Your people Israel. 33  And Joseph and His mother marveled at those things which were spoken by him. 34  And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary His mother, Behold, this One is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel, and for a sign spoken against 35  (yea, a sword shall pierce through your own soul also), so that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed. 36  And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in many days, and had lived with a husband seven years from her virginity. 37  And she was a widow of eighty-four years, who did not depart from the temple, serving God with fastings and prayers night and day. 38  And she coming in at that instant gave thanks to the Lord and spoke of Him to all those in Jerusalem eagerly expecting redemption. 39  And when they had finished all things according to the Law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth. 40  And the Child grew and became strong in spirit, filled with wisdom. And the grace of God was on Him. 41  And His parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. 42  And when He was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according to the custom of the Feast. 43  And fulfilling the days, as they returned, the boy Jesus stayed in Jerusalem. And Joseph and His mother did not know. 44  But they, supposing Him to have been in the company, went a day’s journey. And they looked for Him among the kinsfolk and acquaintances. 45  And when they did not find Him, they turned back to Jerusalem, seeking Him. 46  And it happened that after three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both hearing them and questioning them. 47  And all who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and answers. 48  And seeing Him, they were amazed. And His mother said to Him, Child, why have you done so to us? Behold, your father and I have looked for you, greatly distressed. 49  And He said to them, Why did you look for Me? Do you not know that I must be about My Father’s business? 50  And they did not understand the word which He spoke to them. 51  And He went with them and came to Nazareth, and He was subject to them. But His mother kept all these sayings in her heart. 52  And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man.

What ever happened to Yeshua after the age of 12?

Jesus in Glastonbury
It is more than coincidence that the raid on Sepphoris occurred at around the time that coincides with the start of the missing years of Jesus in the gospels. Jesus is supposed to have landed in England according to the Jesus in Cornwall tradition. The House of God in the great Monastery of Glastonbury, called the Secret of the Lord, is recorded in the Doomsday Book (1088 C.E.). Traditionally, the twelve Hides of Land of the Church of Glastonbury, descend from an original grant given Joseph of Arimathaea, by King Arviragus (10 C.E.-74 C.E.), in the XXXI year after the Passion of Christ.

In a letter to Pope Gregory, St. Augustine states that there was a church¬†‚Äúconstructed by no human art, but divinely contructed (or by the hands of Christ Himself), for the salvation of His people.‚Ä̬†The historian, Gildas, says Jesus‚Äô¬†‚ÄúLight and precepts‚ÄĚ were ‚Äúafforded‚Ķto this island during the ‚Ķlast year of the reign of Tiberius. Tiberius retired to Caprae in A.D. 27. William of Malmesbury includes in his writings the contents of a letter given by King Ina to Glastonbury, 700 AD.‚Ä̬†(Tiberius officially reigned till 37 CE)¬†‚ÄúTo the ancient church, situate in the place called Glastonbury (which Church the Great High Priest and Chiefest Minister formerly through His own ministry, and that of angels‚Ķ..‚ÄĚThis confirms Gildas‚Äô statement that Jesus had a ministry at Glastonbury. The historical records called the Doomsday Surveys, also bear witness to Jesus‚Äô presence in Glastonbury. These surveys state that Glastonbury contained 12 hides (160 acre parcels) of land that¬†‚Äúhave never paid tax.‚Ä̬†This was because the King Arviragus gave these parcels to Joseph of Arimathea when he arrived in England in 37 AD. Do the math 37-31=6 CE not 30 CE. The little we know about Judas of Galilee comes from the Pharisaic Jewish historian Josephus who worked for the Roman Emperor and was totally opposed to Judas and the Zealots. However, it seems likely that the crucifixion of Christ mentioned in the Cornwall tradition is that of Judas and not of Jesus. Jesus was known as Melchizedek among the Essene or the Archangel Michael incarnate as Michael Zadok, Zadok referring to the Zadok family of the Zadokite priesthood. So, Sadduc must have been Jesus. Since Cunobeline rose to power in Britain c 9 CE, then Jesus must have migrated to Britain after 6 and prior to 9 CE.

In all likelihood the warrior king was now dead and the flesh atonement (the Jewish Christ) had sought refuge in Britain, never to be seen again in the land of Moses. Once again the Essene community must have sunk into a deep depression. However, by now the Zealot movement, which dreamed of a thousand year Jewish Empire, had moved front and center.

You can read more about the missing years of Yehshua at this link, and this one on Joseph of Arimathea. Here are some more details about exactly who Yehshua was descended from.


Ancient tradition says that Ann, the mother of the Virgin Mary was of Cornish origin, [i.e. She was British]. It is not generally known but there is a family tree of Jesus from the time of Adam, in the Herald‚Äôs Office at the English College of Arms. From that document we glean the information that Ann, mother of the Virgin Mary, was married three times. Her first husband was Joachim by whom she had the Virgin Mary, her second husband was Cleophas and her third Salome. ‚Äď [See JOHN 19:25]. It would seem Ann liked the name ‚ÄúMary‚ÄĚ for in addition to the Virgin Mary she named the daughters by her two other husbands ‚ÄúMary‚Äô also.


Mary Salome, mother of disciples James and John [Zebedee] was also a second cousin to the Virgin Mary. Andrew and John were friends of the family through John the Baptist. The father of John the Baptist was Zacharias who was assassinated between the temple and the altar for proclaiming the virgin birth. Ann had a sister by the name of Bianca who was the mother of St. Joseph. Thus St Joseph, the Virgin Mary’s husband, was also her first cousin. That is an important fact in the development of this inquiry because it would indicate that Joseph of Arimathea was a uncle of both Mary and Joseph.


This view is confirmed in the HarL MSS. which is held in the British Museum. It will come as a surprise to many to realise that far from being confined to Palestine, the Holy Family seem, through the Virgin Mary’s uncle, Joseph of Arimathea, to have intermarried into British royalty and to have left Palestine to live in Britain. Some have assumed that the Virgin Mary’s exile in Britain was brought about by a forced exodus from the Holy Land but there is evidence that both Jesus and Joseph of Arimathea had planned for a life in Britain for the family from the time Jesus was quite young. It would seem that the forced exodus after the resurrection of Jesus was a preempting of an already carefully laid plan.

Confirmation that Penardin, grand-daughter of Joseph of Arimathea, married King Lear of Britain is to be found in a manuscript which is held at Jesus College, in England. From the chart below we can see the contemporary nature of events.


And Paul says in ROMANS 16:3, ‚ÄúSatute Rufus,chosen in the Lord‚ÄĚ and his mother and mine‚ÄĚ. If this is the same Rufus, then Paul and Rufus were half-brothers. Remember that Paul was a Roman citizen also, but not by race; Paul was of the tribe of Benjamin, even if he was a Roman by citizenship. The Roman connection of Paul is ignored by the traditional Churches, but we can see the importance. Going into this further, we find that the Apostle Paul was a half-brother of the Roman Rufus Pudens, and a brother-in-law of the British Princess Claudia. When the Apostle Paul presented the Gospel in Britain, he had friends in high places. There are many historical records that present Britain as being the first kingdom to receive the Gospel. Paul had other relatives in the ministry; some were apostles.
ROMANS 16:7¬†‚ÄúSalute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.‚ÄĚ
ROMANS 16:21¬†‚ÄúTimotheus my work fellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you.‚ÄĚ
It is interesting to note that King Arthur and ALL the knights of the Round Table claimed descent from Joseph of Arimathea. The above genealogies are important because they give an altogether different perspective of the interrelationship of the nations at the time of Jesus. Then, as now, it would seem that the rich, influential and famous knew each other and had far more in common than we would at first think. Note the following British connections.
A grand-daughter of Joseph of Arimathea, cousin of the Virgin Mary, married a member of the BRITISH Royal Family.
A member of the BRITISH Royal Family married a Roman commander.
An Apostle of Jesus is entertained by a BRITISH Princess in Rome.
A member of the BRITISH Royal Family is the first Bishop of Rome ‚Äď [Not the first Pope].
This places the British in the centre of things. Israel in Britain starts with some of the tribe of Dan travelling there soon after the Exodus. We find the Prophet Jeremiah took the royal daughters of Zedekiah, the last Israelite king in Palestine, to Egypt and thence to Ireland [See JEREMIAH 41:10]. The Royal House of Judah thus continued in Britain. History throws a different perspective on the world at that time; a different perspective than we have been led to believe. History is HIS story.

Many people read John and his account of who Yehshua was and it goes right over their heads. The word was Yehovah and in verse 14 that Word, Yehovah became flesh. Yehshua said if you have seen me you have seen the Father. This is because they are one and the same person.

Joh 1:1  In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2  He was in the beginning with God. 3  All things came into being through Him, and without Him not even one thing came into being that has come into being. 4  In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5  And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overtake it. 6  There was a man sent from God; his name was John. 7  This one came as a witness, to bear witness concerning the Light, so that all might believe through him. 8  He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. 9  He was the true Light; He enlightens every man coming into the world. 10  He was in the world, and the world came into being through Him, and the world did not know Him. 11  He came to His own, and His own received Him not. 12  But as many as received Him, He gave to them authority to become the children of God, to those who believe on His name, 13  who were born, not of bloods, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but were born of God. 14  And the Word became flesh, and tabernacled among us. And we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and of truth. 15  John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying, This was He of whom I spoke: He who comes after me has been before me, for He was preceding me. 16  And out of His fullness we all have received, and grace for grace. 17  For the Law came through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

When we say the Shema what are we doing? Saying there is one God, not two and not three. Just one. You can read our article on this subject at this link.

Deu 6:4  Hear, O, Israel. Jehovah our God is one Jehovah.
Isa 43:11  I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no savior.

These are strong words and tough to get over after a lifetime of being told something else. Yehovah is the one we hung on the tree and killed and who rose from the dead three days and three nights later. Yehovah! It is where we get the name Yeh-Shua from. Yehovah Saves!!
Now let us read this birthday of Yehshua-Yehovah on the Feast of Trumpets from Matthew.

Mat 1:18¬†¬†Now the birth of Jesus Christ was this way (for His mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph) before they came together, she was found to be with child by¬†the¬†Holy Spirit.¬†19¬†¬†But Joseph, her husband¬†to be, being just, and not willing to make her a public example, he purposed to put her away secretly.¬†20¬†¬†And as he thought upon these things, behold, the angel of¬†the¬†Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take to you Mary¬†as¬†your wife. For that in her is fathered of¬†the¬†Holy Spirit.¬†21¬†¬†And she shall bear a son, and you shall call His name JESUS: for He shall save His people from their sins.¬†22¬†¬†Now all this happened so that might be fulfilled that¬†which was¬†spoken of the LORD by the prophet, saying,¬†23¬†¬†‚ÄúBehold, the virgin shall conceive in¬†her¬†womb, and will bear a son. And they will call His name Emmanuel,‚ÄĚ which being interpreted is, God with us.¬†24¬†¬†And Joseph, being roused from sleep, did as the angel of¬†the¬†Lord commanded him and took his wife, ¬†25¬†¬†and did not know her until she bore her son, the First-born. And he called His name JESUS.
Mat 2:1  Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men came from the east to Jerusalem,

Who were these wise men that came from the east? They were from the mighty Parthian Empire. This Parthian Empire were the descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. They were Israelites. Not Jews, but Israelites, and they kept track of who the proper pedigrees were that could inherit the throne of David. This is why I showed you the family tree of Yehshua. It tied into the Royal Families of England.

You already have a great deal of reading to do on this subject of Messiah’s birth. But there is so much more to understand. When these Parthian Magi came over it almost caused a major war between them and Rome. I have written about it in this article. It starts about half way down the page. What the hey, I am going to re-post it here for you anyway.

This week I want to share with you a part of the book Parthia by Steven Collins. He is also a reader of this News Letter and I am so grateful he has allowed me to copy his article here for you to read about the birth of Yahshua. As Harvey Kirk used to say ‚ÄėNow You know the rest of the Story.‚Äô
The four book set that Steven Collins has written about the Lost tribes of Israel is an invaluable collection to have. If you do not know who Israel is in the end times then you will not and cannot know who the prophecies of the bible are talking about. It is impossible!

Each and every person must have these books which can be purchased at I do not make any money off these sales. I tell you to buy these books for your understanding of where Israel went and where they now are. When you know this then you will understand why the Roman Empire was attacking certain nations throughout history. It was the Beast Power attacking Israel. Just by knowing this you will then know who is going to attack whom in the very near future.
Also, Mr. Collins has some things in this article which I state differently in the article Conjunction or Sighted, which? which talks about the star at the birth of Yahshua and the year of his birth. Study both opinions and you decide. You can learn more from his site at

EXCERPT from the book, PARTHIA, by Steven M. Collins, Chapter 3, Pages 123-151


Much has been written about the life of Jesus Christ, the historical person whose name is attached to the many different denominations of Christianity that exist today. In fact, so much has been written that one might wonder whether anything truly new could be written about this one life. As the reader will see, new facts about the life of Jesus Christ can be ascertained by combining the accounts of the Bible with secular historical accounts and traditions about the time in which He lived. This chapter is not intended to be a complete history of the life of Jesus Christ. It will cover those aspects of His life and times which have not been generally known.

The prior chapter dealing with the Parthian Empire discussed historical events shaping the world into which Jesus Christ was born. When some surprising information about His life is added to the history contained in the previous chapter, it can be seen that Jesus Christ actually played a role in the great power politics which occurred between the empires of Parthia and Rome. The Bible hints that He could have played a much larger role in the political affairs of that era if He had chosen to do so.

Did Jesus Really Live?

There is no doubt that the person, Jesus Christ, actually lived in Palestine at the beginning of the first century A. D. While some skeptics doubt this fact, this chapter will begin by offering firm evidence that Jesus Christ was a real, historical person.

Josephus, a Jewish historian of the first century A. D., regarded the life of Jesus Christ as an established fact. In Antiquities of the Jews, Josephus wrote: ‚Äúthere was about this time, Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for He was a doer of wonderful works, ‚ÄĒ a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles. He was Christ; and when Pilate [Pontius Pilate, Roman Procurator of Judea], at the suggestion of the principle men among us, had condemned him to the cross‚ĶHe appeared to them alive again the third day, as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him; and the tribe of Christians, so named from him, are not extinct at this day.‚ÄĚ1

In this account, written shortly after Christ died, Josephus not only gave us a powerful witness that Jesus Christ truly lived, but also provided an independent corroboration of many of the biblically-discussed events of His life. Josephus refers to him as ‚Äúa wise man,‚ÄĚ and wonders whether He was more than a mere man because of the ‚Äúwonderful works‚ÄĚ He did. That a non-Christian, Jewish historian of the apostolic era writes of the miracles of Jesus as actual facts offers contemporary support to the Bible‚Äôs accounts about them. Josephus agrees with the testamental writings that Jesus was sentenced to be crucified by Pontius Pilate at the behest of the Jewish Sanhedrin, ‚Äúthe principle men among us.‚ÄĚ Josephus also acknowledged that Jesus Christ fulfilled many prophecies of the Hebrew prophets about the Messiah, and even refers to His resurrection as an historical fact!

Josephus‚Äô reference to Jesus as ‚Äúthe Christ‚ÄĚ acknowledges that Jesus was the Messiah, ‚Äúthe anointed.‚ÄĚ Since a non-Christian source so close to the actual time of Christ has confirmed these facts of His life, the musings of modern skeptics questioning Christ‚Äôs existence are without merit. Josephus could speak with eyewitnesses of Jesus‚Äô life; modern skeptics are almost two millennia removed from the events, and their writings are merely speculative. Jesus Christ did live, and the writings of Josephus substantiate the Bible‚Äôs claims of His performance of supernatural deeds as well as His being raised from the dead.

Roman secular sources agree with Josephus. Celsus, an anti-Christian writer of the Roman Empire in the second century A.D., wrote: ‚ÄúIt was by magic that He [Jesus] was able to do the miracles which He appeared to have done.‚ÄĚ2 Here a Roman opponent of Christianity grudgingly acknowledges the reality of Christ‚Äôs ‚Äúmiracles,‚ÄĚ which he labels as ‚Äúmagic.‚ÄĚ However, Quadratus, writing in approximately 117-134 A.D., ‚Äúurged people to believe in Jesus because the effect of His miracles continued up to the present ‚ÄĒ people had been cured and raised from the dead, and ‚Äėsome of them‚Ķhave survived even to our own day.‚Äô‚ÄĚ3 Tacitus, the famous Roman historian, writing about the Christians just decades after the death of Christ, stated:

‚ÄúNero fabricated scapegoats ‚ÄĒ and punished‚Ķthe notoriously depraved Christians (as they were popularly called). Their originator, Christ, had been executed in Tiberius‚Äô reign by the governor of Judea, Pontius Pilate.‚ÄĚ4

Tacitus‚Äô comment about Christ appears as a mere aside in an overall account of events in the reign of Nero. It is particularly compelling evidence that Jesus Christ really did live! Tacitus was no fan of Christ or Christianity, and he had no ‚Äúaxe to grind.‚ÄĚ His account that ‚ÄúChrist‚ÄĚ was a real person crucified by Pontius Pilate is highly credible as Tacitus refers to it as an official act of Pontius Pilate within His overall accounting of Rome‚Äôs activities.

Clearly, Roman accounts confirm that Jesus Christ lived, and that He was executed in Judea during the administration of Pontius Pilate. Even His detractors acknowledged that He performed supernatural deeds. Whatever your views about Jesus Christ, we begin with the fact that He, indeed, lived and died when the Bible states that He lived and died, that He performed marvelous deeds, and that He made a major impression on the civilization of His day.

Let us now review the historical setting into which Jesus Christ was born. The Roman and Parthian Empires were both powerful, well-established ‚Äúsuperpower‚ÄĚ rivals at the time Jesus was born. Rome ruled the Mediterranean region, and Parthia ruled Asian lands from modern Syria to the Indus River. Palestine was located within the Roman Empire, but was close to the Euphrates River constituting the Parthian border.
Five decades before the birth of Jesus, Rome and Parthia fought several battles with one being fought near Antioch of Syria (very close to Palestine).5 In about 40 B.C., the Parthians launched a major assault which drove the Romans out of Asia! For three years, 40-37 B.C., Palestine was within the Parthian Empire and was ruled by a Jewish vassal king of the Parthians named Antigonus. At that time King Herod, the Roman king of Judea, fled from the Parthians in fear of his life. While the Parthian-sponsored rule of Antigonus was brief, it was apparently popular with the Jews. When the Parthians withdrew across the Euphrates, Antigonus, with Jewish support, attempted to maintain himself as king of the Jews, but was defeated by Herod. Mark Antony, the Roman leader famous for his dalliance with Cleopatra, ordered Antigonus beheaded, and Josephus records that this was done to compel the Jews to accept the hated Herod as their king.6 Mark Antony afterward led a massive invasion of Parthia in 37-36 B.C., but his army was utterly defeated by the Parthians.7

To help modern readers gain a frame of reference for these ancient events, these Roman-Parthian wars were more recent events for the people at the time Jesus was born than World War II and the Korean War are to modern readers. Parthian rule over Palestine was, therefore, vividly remembered by many in Jewish society as being preferable to Roman rule.

Parthia’s victory over Mark Antony led to a long period of peace between Rome and Parthia, with the Euphrates River serving as the border between their two vast empires. This prolonged period of peaceful relations lasted from 36 B.C. until 58 A.D.,8 including not only all of Jesus Christ’s life, but also the early period of the Apostolic Church as well. Rawlinson records that it was an established Roman policy not to provoke a Parthian war during that period of time so long as both empires agreed to coexist on separate banks of the Euphrates River. Rawlinson comments on this peaceful interlude as follows:

‚ÄúIt is a well-known fact that Augustus left it as a principle of policy to his successors that the Roman Empire had reached its proper limits, and could not with advantage be extended further. This principle, followed with the utmost strictness by Tiberius, was accepted as a rule by all the earlier Caesars‚Ķ‚ÄĚ9

As long as the Caesars wanted peace with Parthia, Roman officials along Parthia’s border, such as King Herod and Pontius Pilate, knew they risked their positions and lives if they entangled Rome in an unwanted war with Parthia.

Without this period of Parthian-Roman detente, it would have been impossible for some of the events of Jesus Christ‚Äôs life to have occurred, as we shall see. The first such event was the coming of the Magi, or ‚ÄúWise Men‚ÄĚ to pay homage to Jesus. We read of this event in Matthew 2:1-12, which becomes more important when considered in the overall context of Roman-Parthian relations.

Parthia’s Magi Visit Jesus (and Frighten Jerusalem)

As discussed in the previous chapter, the Magi were powerful members of the Parthian bicameral body that elected Parthian monarchs and wielded great influence within the empire. One assembly was composed of members of the royal family (the Arsacids), and the other consisted of the priests (the ‚ÄúMagi‚ÄĚ) and influential Parthians of non-royal blood (the ‚ÄúWise Men‚ÄĚ). The Magi and Wise Men were jointly known as the Megistanes.10

Matthew 2:1 states that ‚Äúwise men from the east‚ÄĚ came to worship Jesus. The term ‚ÄúWise Men,‚ÄĚ which appears in Matthew 2:1, is not a generic description of these visitors, but was the proper title of Parthian Megistanes. The Greek word translated ‚Äúwise men‚ÄĚ is ‚Äúmagian,‚ÄĚ literally meaning ‚ÄúPersian astronomer or priest,‚ÄĚ11 from which we derive the word ‚ÄúMagi.‚ÄĚ Parthia governed Persia at the time of Christ, so the ‚ÄúWise Men‚ÄĚ cited in the Bible were Parthian nobles and/or priests. While traditional Christian accounts of this episode celebrate the coming of ‚Äúthe three wise men,‚ÄĚ the Bible does not limit the number of visiting Magi-Wise Men to three men. Indeed, biblical events and the realities of that time argue for a much larger contingent of Parthian Magi.

Since we saw in previous chapters that the Parthians were descended from the ten tribes of Israel and that their priests were likely descended from the tribe of Levi, it is likely that this delegation of Magi consisted of leading members of the ten tribes of Israel. Because there were numerous Jews of the tribe of Judah in Parthia’s empire, they may have been represented as well. Consequently, the delegation of Magi could easily have consisted of at least ten or twelve men representing the various tribes of Israel.

Also, the Bible confirms that the Magi did not visit the young Jesus in the manger at Bethlehem, as most nativity scenes depict, but rather visited Jesus in a house somewhat after His birth. Matthew 2:11 states that this visit of the Magi took place in a house (not at the manger) when Jesus was old enough to be called ‚Äúa young child.‚ÄĚ Luke‚Äôs version of Christ‚Äôs birth (Luke 2:8-40) mentions the shepherds‚Äô arrival at the manger, but makes no mention of any Magi visiting Christ while He was ‚Äúin the manger.‚ÄĚ

Matthew 2:8 adds that Herod sent the Magi ‚Äúto Bethlehem‚ÄĚ after conferring with the Jewish hierarchy about the prophesied location of the Messiah‚Äôs birth. They cited Micah 5:2 that the Messiah would originate in Bethlehem, and they were likely familiar with Daniel 9:25-26 which predicted that the arrival of the Messiah was due at that time. Herod privately met with the Parthian delegation, and enquired when ‚Äúthe star‚ÄĚ which they followed had first appeared. He apparently learned that this period of time was almost two years because he killed all male children in Bethlehem under two years of age in an attempt to kill the Messiah, whom he regarded as a competitor for his position as king of the Jews.
Although the Bible tells us that ‚Äúthe star‚ÄĚ appeared to the Wise Men almost two years prior to His birth, this offers inexact information in determining how old Jesus was when the Wise Men came to him. The Wise Men were prominent people in Parthia when ‚Äúthe star‚ÄĚ appeared, and they had to make a very time-consuming journey to reach Judea. It took time to prepare the costly gifts to present to the Messiah, set their affairs in order for a long absence, organize and equip a caravan, obtain an armed escort for protection and make the slow, lengthy journey to Judea in a caravan of pack animals. Since the ‚Äústar‚Äôs‚ÄĚ appearance was not necessarily timed to coincide exactly with the time Jesus was born, He may have been a few months (or up to two years) old at the time of the Magi‚Äôs arrival.
Consider also that Matthew 2:1-3 states:

‚ÄúNow when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem. Saying, where is He that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen His star in the east, and are come to worship him. When Herod the king heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.‚ÄĚ (KJV)

The arrival of the Magi‚Äôs caravan in Jerusalem was a very public affair because ‚Äúall Jerusalem‚ÄĚ was ‚Äútroubled‚ÄĚ by their arrival. What was it about the Magi‚Äôs caravan that scared the Roman leaders and the whole city of Jerusalem? The Magi, a delegation of high Parthian officials, came to Jerusalem in a caravan loaded with costly treasures and escorted by a strong force of armed Parthian soldiers! Since the Magi were high officials of the Parthian government, they would routinely travel with a substantial escort of Parthian soldiers to guarantee their protection. Since they were traveling with many costly treasures to present to the newborn Messiah, their escort may have been unusually large.
The Magi’s caravan would have included large numbers of servants, animal-handlers, cooks, etc. for such a long journey. These people alone would have constituted many hundreds of people! Given the fact that many high Parthian officials and very expensive treasures were in the caravan, there may have been many thousands of Parthian soldiers escorting the caravan! This is not an overstatement.
Josephus records that treasure caravans bringing expensive offerings to Jerusalem from Jews living in Parthian territory did so with ‚Äúmany ten thousand men‚ÄĚ as escorts.12¬† In ancient times, traveling with expensive items was dangerous. There was danger not only from brigands, but also from local satraps who might use their armies to conquer a treasure train passing through their territories. If Jewish commoners from Parthia were allowed to travel to Jerusalem with the equivalent of several infantry divisions as escorts, would an important delegation of Parthia‚Äôs ruling class and a treasure train of gifts have been accompanied by any fewer armed escorts? If the Parthian column had included ‚Äúmany ten thousands‚ÄĚ of soldiers, it would have justified the widespread fear in Jerusalem caused by their arrival. In the previous chapter, we learned that ancient Chinese historical accounts recorded that the Parthians sent 20,000 cavalry just to escort a Chinese ambassador into Parthian territory.
Plutarch records that Surenas ‚ÄĒ a Parthian military commander and, no doubt, a member of the Megistanes ‚ÄĒ traveled on routine business in a caravan of cavalry, servants, and attendants the size of ‚Äúa baggage train of 1,000 camels‚Ķat least ten thousand men.‚ÄĚ13 If one Parthian leader traveled with so large a caravan on routine business within Parthia, how large was the caravan of the Magi ‚ÄĒ a whole delegation of Parthian nobles carrying great treasures to worship a ‚Äúnew-born king?‚ÄĚ It was large enough to frighten the whole city of Jerusalem!
The Wise Men coming to Jesus were not bringing just a few samples of gold and other precious things that they carried in their personal saddlebags. They were coming to worship a royal-born child, so they likely had a whole train of pack animals loaded with ‚Äúgold, frankincense and myrrh!‚ÄĚ

Their caravan was so huge that it was a ‚Äúcause celebre‚ÄĚ in Jerusalem. The whole city was in an uproar over their arrival, and that argues for a very visible and impressive Parthian caravan arriving in Jerusalem. The sheer size of the caravan, its treasures and its escorts awed King Herod and the whole city to the point they were all ‚Äútroubled.‚ÄĚ This indicates that the Parthian caravan had so many armed escorts that many feared it was an invasion force coming to besiege Jerusalem and start a new Roman-Parthian war. However, their reason ‚ÄĒ coming to visit a royal-born Messiah ‚ÄĒ could have electrified a city of Jews who intensely wanted the Messiah to come and free them from Roman rule! The Jewish hierarchy understood the Parthians were looking for the Messiah as they quickly looked for Messianic prophecies to locate the city of His birth.

After their consultations with Herod and high Jewish officials, the Parthian delegation traveled to Bethlehem to worship Jesus and present their gifts to him. By this time, Matthew 2:11 states Jesus and Mary were living in ‚Äúa house,‚ÄĚ so they were no longer staying at the manger. The Magi‚Äôs journey to Bethlehem would have been closely followed by Herod‚Äôs spies.

Joseph was then warned by an angel to flee quickly into Egypt (Matthew 2:13) to avoid Herod’s impending slaughter of Bethlehem’s young male children. Since Herod’s edict applied only to Bethlehem, there would have been no need for Joseph, Mary and Jesus to flee unless they were still in Bethlehem. Since Joseph and Mary actually lived in Galilee (Luke 2:4), the fact that they were in a house in Bethlehem indicates that this must have been weeks after Jesus’ birth while Mary was regaining the strength to make an overland trip back to Nazareth. Their flight to Egypt took them completely out of Herod’s area of jurisdiction.

Herod made the mistake of assuming the Messiah would be born to a family native to the Bethlehem area. Since Luke 2:39 states that Joseph, Mary and Jesus returned to Galilee not long after Jesus was born, it seems apparent that the stay of Joseph, Mary and Jesus in Egypt was very brief. Historical sources disagree on the year of King Herod’s death, but there is persuasive evidence that Herod died soon after giving his cruel order to murder the boy babies of Bethlehem. Matthew 2:14-19 states that Jesus and His parents returned from Egypt as soon as Herod was dead, and the account implies their stay in Egypt was brief.

This author acknowledges that there are differing scholarly and historical viewpoints concerning the year of Jesus Christ‚Äôs birth. While many people assume that Jesus Christ was born in a theoretical ‚Äúyear zero,‚ÄĚ scholarly options for the year of Jesus‚Äô birth focus on the time frame of 5 B.C. to 2 B.C.

It is significant that Jesus’ parents were faithful to God’s law requiring circumcision on the eight day (Leviticus 12:2-3), and to Jewish custom by making an offering to God at the Temple in Jerusalem to consecrate their firstborn male child. (Luke 2:21-24) This is an important observation as it shows Jesus was raised by a Jewish family that devoutly obeyed God’s laws.

When the Parthian column arrived at Jerusalem, the Parthian Magi came directly to King Herod, quite open about their reasons for being in Roman-occupied Palestine. They informed Herod that they had come to worship ‚ÄúHe that is born king of the Jews.‚ÄĚ
It is a tribute to the power of Caesar‚Äôs policy that the Roman-Parthian peace be maintained that war did not result from this statement, for Herod could easily have taken it as an insult. He could have flown into a rage, and yelled ‚ÄúHow dare you ask to see another ‚Äėking of the Jews‚Äô besides me; I am king of the Jews!‚ÄĚ That Herod swallowed his gargantuan pride, and meekly answered the Parthians is quite noteworthy. This is a tribute not only to Caesar‚Äôs policy to maintain the peace, but also to recognition that a sizeable Parthian army had come to Jerusalem as escorts of the Magi. Herod‚Äôs meek response to the highly provocative question of the Parthian officials does imply that he was intimidated by the many Parthian soldiers who accompanied the Magi.

Because the whole city was ‚Äútroubled‚ÄĚ by the Parthians‚Äô arrival, the presence of so many Parthian soldiers surely sparked rumors in Jerusalem that a new Parthian-Roman war was imminent. Herod may even have suspected that the Parthians‚Äô question was designed to provoke an incident, which would lead to an outbreak of hostilities and his removal from the throne. Herod and all Jerusalem was surprised, but relieved to learn that the Parthian Magi and soldiers had arrived with peaceful intent. Herod may have been expecting to hear an ultimatum for the surrender of Jerusalem to Parthia when the Magi were ushered into his presence.

Some observations must be made about the ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ which led the Magi to Jesus. Some have proposed that this star was a comet or a celestial phenomenon although the biblical accounts indicate that this was not the case. The biblically-described ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ moved, leading the Magi over a long east-to-west route from Parthia to Judea, and Matthew 2:9 states that it finally ‚Äústood over where the young child was.‚ÄĚ Simple logic confirms that no comet or celestial phenomenon in the sky could possibly pinpoint a single city, much less ‚Äústand over‚ÄĚ an individual child on the earth‚Äôs surface! Nevertheless, that is what the biblical ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ did.

The Bible periodically uses the word ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ to represent angels (Job 38:7, Revelation 1:20), and there is good reason to believe that the ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ which led the Parthian nobles to a specific child in a specific house in Judea was an angel of God. Nothing else makes sense. Only an angel, a spirit being, could literally ‚Äústand over‚ÄĚ the baby Jesus to designate one specific child to the Parthian nobles.

Also, nothing in the biblical account indicates that this ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ was visible to anyone other than the Magi-Wise Men! Matthew 2:2 states that the Magi saw ‚Äúthe star,‚ÄĚ but the context argues no one else ever saw it. Verse 7 relates that Herod asked the Magi when ‚Äúthe star‚ÄĚ appeared to them, indicating no one in Judea was aware of any such ‚Äústar.‚ÄĚ If a striking celestial object had appeared in the sky, Herod and his astrologers would already have known the exact date and hour on which it had appeared.

After leading the Parthians to Judea, the ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ disappeared, forcing the Parthians to ask Herod for directions. After the Magi left Herod, the ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ again appeared to them, led them directly to Bethlehem (Luke 2:9), and finally ‚Äústood over‚ÄĚ one specific child, Jesus. Verse 10 states the Magi rejoiced that the ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ had again appeared to show them where to go! Obviously, a ‚Äústar‚ÄĚ which appeared, disappeared and reappeared for the Magi (but which was apparently not seen by any other humans) had to be an angel. Supporting this fact is that Luke 2:8-15 records that the birth of Jesus was announced to shepherds by angels speaking to them out of a heavenly light which accompanied their appearance. God also used an angel to warn Joseph to flee to Egypt. Since God used angels to direct the movements of persons in the events surrounding Christ‚Äôs birth, it would have been completely consistent for God to also send an angel to guide the Magi‚Äôs movements.

Having found Jesus, the Magi worshipped him, offering costly gifts of gold, myrrh and frankincense. They were then warned by God in a dream (Matthew 2:12) not to return to Herod, resulting in the prompt exit of the Magi and their many escorts from Judea. When Herod realized that he had been fooled, he wrathfully killed all the young male children of Bethlehem in a vain effort to kill the Messiah. However, there is no indication that Herod made any attempt to overtake or punish the Magi. As high Parthian nobles, they had ‚Äúdiplomatic immunity,‚ÄĚ and Herod dared not anger Caesar by provoking the Parthians. Also, Herod‚Äôs garrison troops could have been vastly outnumbered by the size of the Magi‚Äôs military escorts.

There is another important aspect of this remarkable episode. While it is not surprising that Jewish leaders during Herod‚Äôs reign were sufficiently familiar with the prophetic writings to pinpoint for Herod exactly where the Messiah would be born, it is surprising that God was working so closely with members of the Parthian ruling class! This makes no biblical sense unless: (A) the Parthians were descended from the ten tribes of Israel and (B) the Magi (Parthian priests) included some Levites. During His ministry Jesus Christ asserted that He had not been sent to the gentiles, but only to the ‚Äúlost sheep of the house of Israel.‚ÄĚ Matthew 15:24-28 shows the reluctance of Jesus to assist a gentile.

Throughout the Old Testament God worked almost exclusively with the House of Israel and the House of Judah. It was not until after the death of Christ that gentiles were given equal access to the God of Israel. The fact that God was working intimately with the Parthian nobility ‚ÄĒ sending them angelic messages, giving them divine messages in dreams ‚ÄĒ confirms that the Parthians had to be descended from the ten tribes of Israel which had migrated into Asia.

The fact that some of the Parthian ruling classes were apparently worshippers of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is most revealing. God obviously considered these Parthians to be ‚Äúrighteous‚ÄĚ men under the terms of His laws or He would not have been dealing with them so personally. That educated Parthians were ready to visit and worship the Messiah at the time of Christ‚Äôs birth indicates they were also familiar with the prophecies of the Old Testament. Who but transplanted Israelites would have been looking for the Messiah at that time?

Although we are jumping ahead in the narrative, consider the events of Acts 2:9 which states Parthians were among those who made pilgrimages to Jerusalem for the Feast of Weeks, known to Christians as Pentecost Sunday. Verse 9 also mentions ‚ÄúMedes, Elamites, and dwellers in Mesopotamia‚ÄĚ as being present at this feast, and all these regions were provinces of the Parthian Empire. We know that portions of the ten tribes had been relocated to ‚Äúthe cities of the Medes,‚ÄĚ so the presence of devout visitors from Media most likely designates people from the ten tribes of Israel who still lived in Media. Interestingly, verse 9 also mentions ‚Äúdwellers‚Ķin Asia‚ÄĚ were present. The word ‚ÄúAsia‚ÄĚ has clouded origins, but the Encyclopedia Britannica states, ‚ÄúIt is probable that it [‚ÄúAsia‚ÄĚ] has an Assyrian or Hebrew root, and was used first‚Ķwith a specific or restricted local application, a more extended signification having eventually been given it‚Ķ‚ÄĚ14

As briefly mentioned in chapter two, one of the Scythian tribes was called the ‚ÄúAsii‚ÄĚ (or ‚ÄúAsiani‚ÄĚ).15 Since the ‚ÄúAsiani‚ÄĚ were one of the Scythian tribes bearing the name of Isaac, the Sacae or Saka, the Bible‚Äôs reference to ‚ÄúAsians‚ÄĚ attending the Feast of Weeks could indicate that Scythians were also present in Jerusalem at that time. This further indicates that the Parthians and Scythians were the displaced members of the ‚Äúlost ten tribes of Israel.‚ÄĚ The non-Israelite populations of Asia had no cultural interest in the worship of the God of Israel; only the ten tribes of Israel would retain such a custom.

It was not unusual for large pilgrimages originating in Parthia to travel to Jerusalem to worship the God of Israel. Josephus‚Äô statement that caravans from Parthia arrived in Jerusalem under the protection of ‚Äúmany ten thousand men‚ÄĚ16 was noted earlier. These must have been magnificent treasure trains to have warranted the protection of a sizeable army. Such huge protection of a sizeable army. Such huge ‚Äúofferings‚ÄĚ going to Jerusalem from Parthia indicates that significant numbers of people within the Parthian Empire worshipped the God of Israel. This meant that, at the time of Jesus and Herod, there was a great deal of travel and trade between the Parthian Empire and the Roman province of Judea. It also shows that there was a strong sense of community between Judea and many regions of the Parthian Empire. If a caravan of Parthian commoners could be escorted by ‚Äúmany ten thousand men,‚ÄĚ how many escorts would accompany a caravan of Parthia‚Äôs nobility?
The Parthian nobility did not ‚Äútravel light.‚ÄĚ Plutarch records that Surenas, a high Parthian noble, had an entourage of ten thousand men when he traveled ‚Äúon his own affairs‚ÄĚ on routine business. Just one Parthian noble was accompanied by such a huge and imposing caravan when he traveled on routine business! Think how much larger would have been the caravan of a group of perhaps ten or twelve Parthian nobles, the Magi, travelling, not on routine business within Parthia, but through dangerous terrain with rich treasures and into Roman territory! Parthians believed in large numbers of armed escorts for VIPs. When an ambassador came to Parthia from China, an escort of 20,000 armed Parthian cavalrymen greeted him!18

Now you can understand why the whole city of Jerusalem was frightened when the Parthian Magi arrived to look for the young child of royal birth. They were accompanied by a gigantic caravan from Parthia moving toward Jerusalem. This column was escorted by many thousands of Parthia’s military cavalry. Many in Jerusalem feared the Parthians had come to start a war and besiege the city.

The Royal Lineages of Jesus Christ

In an earlier chapter it was shown that the Magi were loyal to one dynasty, the Arsacids, whose members continuously ruled Parthia. It was shown that many rulers of Parthian and Saka kingdoms had names incorporating the word ‚ÄúPhares‚ÄĚ (PH-R-S). This indicates that the Arsacids were descended from the seed of David, who was the first king of the Phares family. (Matthew 1:2-6) The kings of Judah of the Phares dynasty are listed in I Chronicles 3:9-17, but verses 18-24 reveals that the royal lineage continued to flourish after Judah‚Äôs captivity. Indeed, David‚Äôs dynasty was given high status in the Babylonian Empire. (II Kings 25:27-30) This post-exilic elevation of the Davidic dynasty in Asia likely led to their serving as vassal kings over captive Israelites under Babylonian and Persian masters. Their later elevation to the throne of Parthia fulfilled the prophecy of Jeremiah 33:17 that David‚Äôs descendants would always rule over the descendants of the ten tribes of Israel. This may explain the unshakable loyalty of the Parthians to the Arsacids. With the Parthians being Israelites, and the Arsacids being descended from King David, the Arsacids were the only dynasty in Asia that was racially, historically and culturally related to the Parthian people.

Since Matthew 1:3-17 tells us that Jesus Christ was a descendant of Phares and King David, Jesus was a distant relative of the Parthian ruling dynasty, which also descended from Phares and David. The bloodline relationship of Jesus to the Parthian Arsacids serves as a further explanation for the homage paid to Jesus by the Parthian nobility. It was customary for the Parthian Magi and Wise Men to keep track of male Arsacids in foreign nations. In some cases they sent to foreign nations, Scythia and Rome, to summon male relatives of the Arsacids to come to Parthia to serve as king. As mentioned in the previous chapter, some Parthian rulers killed every male relative they could find in an effort to eliminate potential rivals to their throne. This compelled the Magi to look for distant individuals who had the same bloodline as the Arsacids, the lineage of Phares and King David. At the time of the birth of Jesus, the recent Parthian emperor, Phraates IV, who reigned 37-2 B.C., had killed many male relatives, including his own father and almost thirty brothers.19 Male Arsacids at the time of Jesus’ birth were in very short supply.
When the Magi were led by God to pay homage to the young Jesus, they doubtless learned that Joseph, Mary and Jesus were all related to the Parthian dynasty! Indeed, they may already have known that Jesus was an Arsacid, related to Parthia‚Äôs kings. When the Magi came to Herod, they said:¬† ‚ÄúWhere is He that is born king of the Jews?‚ÄĚ (Matthew 2:2, KJV)

This statement confirms that the Magi arriving in Jerusalem already knew that Jesus was ‚Äúroyal-born,‚ÄĚ and it implies that they knew He was related to Parthia‚Äôs kings. If they did not know that fact prior to their arrival, they learned it during their visit with Joseph, Mary and the young Jesus. Indeed, because Phraates IV, the emperor of Parthia, had killed so many of his male relatives, the Magi were surely to find surviving males of the Davidic bloodline.

Consider some important information. When the Babylonians conquered Judah, they brought King Jehoiachin of Judah and many of his royal family to Babylon. (II Kings 24:15) After languishing in prison for years, King Jehoiachin was exalted into the position of a favored vassal king in the Babylonian empire. I Chronicles 3:17 reveals that Jeconiah had many sons and grandsons, who very likely also became vassal kings in Asia after Jehoichin died. One of Jeconiah‚Äôs sons was ‚ÄúSalathiel‚ÄĚ (I Chronicles 3:17), who lived in Asia, not Judea. Salathiel, later spelled ‚ÄúShealtiel,‚ÄĚ20 was the father of Zerubbabel. (Ezra 3:2) Matthew 1:12 and Luke 3:27 confirm this as well.

Zerubbabel‚Äôs name includes the root word ‚Äúbabel,‚ÄĚ indicating he was born in Babylon. Zerubbabel was one of the leaders of the group of Jews who left Asia and returned to Jerusalem during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah under the auspices of Persian kings. Zerubbabel had a prominent role in the rebuilding of a Jewish presence in Jerusalem and Judea, and he is mentioned frequently in the books of Ezra and Haggai and once in the book of Nehemiah. Joseph, the human ‚Äúfather‚ÄĚ of Jesus Christ was a descendant of Zerubbabel. (Matthew 1:12-16) So Jesus Christ was born into a very prominent and famous family in Judea, one known to be descended from the Kings of Judah. Since His royal progenitors formerly lived in Asia and had included vassal kings of the Babylonians, the Parthian Magi may have been very well aware that they were coming to visit a family of Arsacids! Babylon was then ruled by Parthia, so its records were available to the Magi. Because Phraates IV had killed so many males of the royal Parthian dynasty at that time, the Magi were compelled to look outside Parthia‚Äôs borders for male Arsacids who were eligible for the throne of Parthia.

Now consider this: Because Jesus was eligible for the throne of Parthia, so was His human father ‚ÄúJoseph.‚ÄĚ Christian mythology tends to personify Joseph as an obscure, poor ‚Äúcarpenter‚ÄĚ struggling ‚Äúto make ends meet.‚ÄĚ But the possibility exists that he was, in fact, well-to-do. The account in Mark 6:3, for instance, indicates that Jesus himself was a ‚Äúcarpenter,‚ÄĚ but in that day someone in the building trades business was often more of a ‚Äúbuilding contractor,‚ÄĚ involving all aspects of construction. This could possibly have been a very responsible position.

The concept of Joseph and Mary being ‚Äúpoor‚ÄĚ partly comes from the ‚Äúmanger scene‚ÄĚ of them staying in a lowly manger when Jesus was born. However, they did not stay there for lack of financial resources. When they arrived in Jerusalem, they tried to stay in a lodging house, but everything was ‚Äúbooked solid‚ÄĚ in the city. (Luke 2:7) As soon as the crowds thinned out, they promptly relocated to a rented ‚Äúhouse‚ÄĚ in Jerusalem. (Matthew 2:11) Also, it takes financial resources to travel. When God warned Joseph to flee to Egypt quickly, he obviously had the financial resources on hand to afford a hastily arranged, indefinite stay in a foreign nation. (Matthew 2:13-15) Either Joseph was not a ‚Äúpoor carpenter,‚ÄĚ or these funds came from the gifts of the Magi at Jesus‚Äô birth.

Jesus was descended from the kings of Judah through both His father and mother! While Matthew 1 gives Joseph’s descent from Judah’s dynastic line, Luke 3:23-33 gives Mary’s descent from king David. Both Joseph and Mary were direct descendants of King David, the kings of Judah, related to the Davidic kings in Asia and had Salathiel and Zerubbabel as common ancestors. However, Joseph and Mary’s immediate ancestors were descended from two different sons of Zerubbabel. (Matthew 1:13-16, Luke 3:23-27) Some confusion exists on this point, as it is easy to not grasp that Luke 3’s account gives Mary’s lineage. Henry Halley explains this point as follows:

‚ÄúThe commonly accepted view is that Matthew gives Joseph‚Äôs line, showing Jesus to be the Legal Heir to the Promises given Abraham and David; and that Luke gives Mary‚Äôs line, showing Jesus‚Äô blood descent, ‚ÄėSon of David according to the flesh‚Äô (Romans 1:3). Mary‚Äôs genealogy, in accord with Jewish usage, was in her husband‚Äôs name. Joseph was the ‚Äėson of Heli‚Äô (Luke 3:23), that is, ‚Äėson-in-law‚Äô of Heli. Jacob was Joseph‚Äôs father (Matthew 1:16).‚ÄĚ21

Jesus was a ‚Äúblue-blooded‚ÄĚ son of parents descended from royalty. This remarkable relationship meant both Joseph and Jesus were distant relatives of Parthia‚Äôs kings. Because Parthia could offer the kingship to any relative of the Parthian king line, not just the oldest son or closest relative of the previous king, both Joseph and Jesus Christ were potential claimants to the throne of the Parthian Empire! While the Bible does record Jesus‚Äô royal lineage of the seed of David, it does not specifically mention His relationship to Parthia‚Äôs dynasty. However, as we shall see later in this chapter, the Bible implies that this relationship existed.

Since the Magi who worshipped Jesus were members of the body which selected the kings of Parthia and kept track of male Arsacids, they must been ecstatic to find living descendants of King David. The Magi no doubt discussed the possibility that this child Jesus, born under such unusual circumstances, might one day take the throne of Parthia. While the Bible is silent on their future contacts, this delegation of Parthian Magi likely would have stayed in contact with Jesus in future years and monitored the events of His life. If the Parthians had a Messianic understanding, Jesus would have been seen as an acceptable ruler because He was a son of David.

Did the Magi Almost Cause a Roman-Parthian War?

Let us consider that the visit of the Magi to Jesus may have been a factor in a political crisis that almost led to a new Roman-Parthian war. Recall that from 40-37 B.C., Parthia had ruled Palestine and Syria before the Romans drove them back across the Euphrates River. That war ushered in a long period of Parthian-Roman d√©tente which included the entire lifetime of Jesus Christ. However, a great Parthian-Roman war was barely averted in 1 A.D. when a ‚Äúsummit conference‚ÄĚ was held between the Parthian emperor, Phraataces, and Caius Caesar, the grandson of Augustus Caesar on an island in the Euphrates River (i.e. neutral territory). Roman sources recorded that:

‚ÄúThe armies of the two chiefs were drawn up on the opposite banks of the river [the Euphrates], facing one another; and the chiefs themselves, accompanied by an equal number of attendants, proceeded to deliberate in the sight of both hosts.‚ÄĚ

This ‚Äúsummit conference‚ÄĚ averted war, but how could the Magi‚Äôs visit have had a role in this crisis?

The Bible’s account of the Magi visiting Jesus ceases when the Magi left Judea and returned to Parthia, leaving the impression that the issue was concluded. However, if we consider the geopolitical realities of that time, there is no way that the Magi’s exit from Judea ended the matter.
Matthew 2:3 records that Herod and ‚Äúall Jerusalem‚ÄĚ were troubled by the arrival of the Magi. Jerusalem was a commercial city at the nexus of major trade routes, and it commonly received caravans of thousands of people. Three tired Magi arriving from the east would not have made a ripple in the city‚Äôs calm. For that matter, caravans from Parthian territory could arrive in Jerusalem with many thousands of armed escorts, and such events did not trouble the city. However, the arrival of Parthian Magi ‚ÄĒ Parthia‚Äôs nobles and priests ‚ÄĒ in Jerusalem escorted by a large army of Parthian soldiers was unprecedented and unrepeated in the history of the city of Jerusalem. This occurred at a time when Parthia and Rome had a peace treaty, and no major Roman or Parthian military forces had crossed the Euphrates River in over three decades. The arrival of a large Parthian military force in Jerusalem escorting high Parthian officials was militarily provocative and could justifiably be seen by King Herod and the Romans as a treaty violation.

When Parthia had occupied Palestine, it had crowned its own vassal king, Antigonus, as ruler of Judea. When the Magi, Parthia‚Äôs official king-makers, came to Jerusalem looking for ‚Äúa new king of the Jews,‚ÄĚ it must have sounded to Herod and the Romans that the Parthians were trying to reassert their claim to Judea and dethrone Herod. Their speaking directly to Herod, who was Rome‚Äôs ‚Äúking of the Jews,‚ÄĚ about wanting to find a ‚Äúnew king of the Jews‚ÄĚ could be seen by the Romans as very close to a declaration of war, given the region‚Äôs history. The fact that King Herod ‚Äúbit his tongue‚ÄĚ and made no rash statement to the Magi and treated them with deference argues that the Parthians must have had an intimidating number of troops at Jerusalem to compel Herod to be so uncharacteristically meek. Since a major Roman-Parthian treaty had been in effect for over three decades, Rome felt unthreatened in the region, and would, consequently, have had only a small garrison in Jerusalem.

Caesar‚Äôs decree that no Parthian war be provoked also put Herod in an awkward position. While the Magi and Parthians were in Judea with no harmful intent, there is no way the Romans could be sure this ‚Äúvisit‚ÄĚ was benign in nature. After the Parthians left, Herod ‚Äúblew his stack‚ÄĚ (Matthew 2:16) and vented his pent-up rage by murdering all male children in Bethlehem under age two. Official reports surely had to be filed with Augustus Caesar in Rome about this highly unusual event.

Herod was justifiably fearful of Parthian intentions in the area. Hadn‚Äôt they come to anoint a replacement for him as ‚Äúking of the Jews?‚ÄĚ Hadn‚Äôt they also deceived him by leaving the area without his knowledge? Herod‚Äôs murderous act in Bethlehem would also have inflamed Jewish residents, and rumors of revolt against the hated Romans would have intensified. Faced with a possible Parthian invasion and/or a Jewish revolt, Herod needed more Roman soldiers in the region. In his reports to Caesar, Herod surely cast himself in a favorable light, warning Caesar that the Parthians had crossed the Euphrates, made a military reconnaissance to Jerusalem to spy out the city‚Äôs weakness and were openly talking about crowning a ‚Äúnew king of the Jews.‚ÄĚ Because the Parthians‚Äô arrival in Jerusalem had scared the whole city, news of this extraordinary event would have spread quickly along the trade routes. Roman honor had been slighted, and Rome usually responded to such an insult.

However, the Romans could not respond immediately. Rome had been sapped by the costly civil wars between Brutus and Octavian and also Octavian against Mark Antony and Cleopatra. These wars were fought in the eastern half of the Roman Empire, so Rome‚Äôs military forces in the east had been depleted and disorganized. Augustus Caesar could not be entirely sure whom to trust with an army, lest another civil war break out in the east. Herod the Great was a firm ally of Augustus, but Herod was soon to die, leaving Augustus with no close ally in the East to whom he could entrust an army. Also, Rome and Parthia were facing a possible conflict in Armenia over succession to the throne of Armenia. In both Armenia and Judea, the issue was whether Rome or Parthia would choose the kings of those nations. Also, Rome had to finance, train and equip an army to fight the Parthians. Rome‚Äôs armies under Crassus and Mark Antony had been ‚Äúclobbered‚ÄĚ by the Parthians, so Rome would need extra time to assemble an army to challenge Parthia. Rome‚Äôs leadership crisis is described by George Rawlinson as follows:

‚ÄúAugustus [formerly ‚ÄúOctavian‚ÄĚ], from the time that he heard of the Armenian troubles, and of the support given them by Parthia, seems never to have wavered in his determination to vindicate the claims of Rome‚Ķ[but] hesitated as to the person whose services he should employ‚ĶHe would have been glad to employ Tiberius; but that morose prince had deserted him and‚Ķwas living in self-chosen retirement. Caius, the eldest of his grandsons, was, in B.C. 2, only 18 years of age‚Ķthe extreme youth of the prince caused him to hesitate‚Ķand the consequence was that Caius did not start for the East until late in B.C. 1.‚ÄĚ23

In other words, Rome‚Äôs political situation compelled a delay in responding to Parthia‚Äôs real provocation in Judea and apparent provocation in Armenia. The situation was further muddled by the death of Phraates IV, Parthia‚Äôs emperor when the Magi visited Jerusalem.24 Since Phraates IV and Herod the Great had died by the time Rome‚Äôs army was ready, all the major principals had a fresh viewpoint by the time Rome and Parthia had their ‚Äúsummit conference‚ÄĚ at the Euphrates River in 1 A.D.

Although historical accounts mention only the Armenian dispute, it is significant that the Parthian and Roman armies did not confront each other in Armenia. Their confrontation was along the Euphrates River, which had been crossed by the Parthian armed column led by the Magi. Everyone in the region breathed a huge sigh of relief when war was averted. As we shall soon see, if a war had been fought ending the Parthian-Roman detente, much of Jesus Christ’s ministry in Judea could not have occurred.

If the armed Parthian column led by the Magi provoked the Roman-Parthian confrontation in 1 A.D. during which war was averted, a date of 2 B.C. for Christ’s birth is more logical. If He had been born in 4 B.C., there would be too great a gap between that year and the Roman response in 1 A.D. However, a gap from 2 B.C. to 1 A.D. would be understandable given the political realities of that time.

The Bible says little else concerning the early years of Jesus Christ. Luke 2:40 states that Jesus ‚Äúwaxed strong,‚ÄĚ and was filled with wisdom and favored by God. Luke 2:41-50 tells us that Jesus, at age twelve, amazed the teachers in the Temple with His wisdom. This passage confirms that Jesus was being raised by His parents according to the Laws of God, as His family annually attended the Passover in Jerusalem, the location of the Temple. Jesus would have been seen by others as a devout, brilliant son of a prominent Jewish family.


1. Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, XVIII, III, 3
2.Wilken, The Christians as the Romans Saw Them, p. 98
3.Ibid, pp. 99-100 (citing Eusebius, The History of the Church, 4.3.2)
4.Tacitus, The Annals of Imperial Rome, Part II, ‚ÄúThe Burning of Rome,‚ÄĚ circa XV.42-47
5.Rawlinson, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy, pp. 178-181
6.Josephus, Antiquities, XV, I, 2
7.Rawlinson, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy, pp. 199-205
8. Ibid, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy, p. 216
9. Ibid, p. 210
10.Ibid, p. 85
11.Young‚Äôs Analytical Concordance to the Bible, see word ‚ÄúWise,‚ÄĚ subhead 8, p. 1060
12.Josephus, Antiquities, XVIII, IX, 1
13.Plutarch, Crassus, 21
14.Encyclopaedia Britannica, Heading entitled ‚ÄúAsia,‚ÄĚ Vol. 2, p. 512
15.Rawlinson, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy, p. 118
16.Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, XVIII, IX, 1
17.Plutarch, Crassus, 21¬†Error! Hyperlink reference not valid.¬†see links: ‚ÄúGeography,‚ÄĚ ‚ÄúParthian Stations,‚ÄĚ and ‚ÄúParallel Passages from the Chinese Annals‚ÄĚ (citing Friedrich Hirth‚Äôs China and the Roman Orient)
19.Rawlinson, George, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy, pp. 195-198, 215
20.Young‚Äôs Analytical Concordance to the Bible, see ‚ÄúSalathiel, Shealtiel,‚ÄĚ p. 831
21.Halley, Henry, Halley‚Äôs Bible Handbook, see ‚ÄúMatthew,‚ÄĚ p. 415
22.Rawlinson, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy, pp. 218-219
23.Rawlinson, The Sixth Great Oriental Monarchy, pp. 213-214

Mat 2:2¬†¬†saying, Where is He¬†who is¬†born king of the Jews? For we have seen His star in the east and have come to worship Him.¬†3¬†¬†But when Herod the king heard these¬†things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.¬†4¬†¬†And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.¬†5¬†¬†And they said to him, In Bethlehem of Judea. For so it is written by the prophet,¬†6¬†¬†‚ÄúAnd you, Bethlehem,¬†in¬†the land of Judah, are not the least among the governors of Judah. For out of you shall come a Governor who shall rule My people Israel.‚Ä̬†7¬†¬†Then Herod, when he had secretly called the wise men, inquired of them exactly what time the star appeared.¬†8¬†¬†And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child. And when you have found¬†him, bring me word again so that I may come and worship him also.¬†9¬†¬†When they had heard the king, they departed. And lo, the star which they saw in the east went before them until it came and stood over where the child was.¬†10¬†¬†And seeing the star, they rejoiced¬†with¬†exceedingly great joy.¬†11¬†¬†And coming into the house, they saw the child with Mary His mother. And they fell down and worshiped Him. And opening their treasures, they presented gifts to Him, gold and frankincense and myrrh.¬†12¬†¬†And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way.¬†13¬†¬†And when they had departed, behold, the angel of¬†the¬†Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise and take the young child and His mother and flee into Egypt. And be there until I bring you word, for Herod is about to seek the child to destroy Him.¬†14¬†¬†And he arose and took the young child and his mother by night and departed into Egypt.¬†15¬†¬†And he was there until the death of Herod; so that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the LORD through the prophet, ‚ÄúOut of Egypt I have called My Son.‚ÄĚ

Herod dies in 1 B.C., as we have shown you in the article above Conjunction or Sighted Which? Note this attack on the children was done two years after the birth of Yehshua. The wise men did not come at his birth but two years afterwards.

16  Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked by the wise men, was greatly enraged. And he sent and killed all the boys in Bethlehem, and in all its districts, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had carefully inquired of the wise men.
Mat 2:17¬†¬†Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying,¬†18¬†¬†‚ÄúA voice was heard in Ramah, wailing and weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping¬†for¬†her children, and would not be comforted, because they are¬†not.‚Ä̬†19¬†¬†But Herod having expired, behold, an angel of¬†the¬†Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,¬†20¬†¬†saying, Arise, and take the child and His mother. And go into¬†the¬†land of Israel. For the ones who sought the child‚Äôs life are dead.¬†21¬†¬†And he arose and took the child and His mother and came into¬†the¬†land of Israel.¬†22¬†¬†But when he heard that Archelaus reigned in Judea in his father Herod‚Äôs place, he was afraid to go there. And being warned by God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee.¬†23¬†¬†And he came and lived in a city called Nazareth, so that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, ‚ÄúHe shall be called a Nazarene.‚ÄĚ
Matthew 2:23,¬†‚ÄúAnd he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, ‚ÄúHe shall be called a Nazarene.‚ÄĚ

First we need to look at the verse¬†and notice that Matthew does not say ‚Äúthat it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet Isaiah or Jeremiah, etc.‚ÄĚ This tells us it is not a direct quote, but he tells us it comes from the prophets, plural. Therefore we know that this is a theme or common knowledge that they recorded. Lets look at what this means. Matthew in chapter 1:23 is quoting from Isaiah 7:14. In Chapter 4:15-16 he is quoting from Isaiah 9:1-2. Isaiah 7, 8 , 9, 10 and 11 are messianic prophecies. In 2:23 he is quoting from Isaiah 11:1,¬†‚ÄúThere shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots.‚ÄĚ

What is the Hebrew word for branch in Isaiah 11:1? It is netzer. This is clearly a messianic prophecy that tells us Messiah will be a branch that bears fruit and will come from the stem ‚Äď or stump of Jesse. Matthew tells us that the Messiah will be called a netzer and he will have lowly origins coming from the stem/stump of Jesse. He tells us Yeshua dwelt in Natzeret (Nazareth) and was called a Natzerene (Nazarene). It is a prophetic play on words from a concept found in the other prophets where this figure was called a branch. Jeremiah 23:5, 33:15, Ezekiel 19:14 and Zechariah 6:12. Different words were used but they all meant ‚Äėbranch‚Äô.

This was important for three reasons; First, the play on words, netzer/natzereth. Second, the prophets‚Äô use of the term branch for a redeemer figure. Third, the emphasizing of the lowly origins of the stem/stump. Nazareth was not a spectacular place to be from. John 1:46,¬†‚ÄúAnd Nathanael said to him, `Can anything good come out of Nazareth?‚Ķ‚Ä̬†Matthew was not ignorant, he was not creating Scripture that was not there. He was pointing out the fulfillment of Scripture that many were familiar with. He was explaining that Yeshua was the branch/netzer they were waiting for.
We also know that the Jews of Yeshua’s time interpreted Isaiah 11 as Messianic. Targum on verse 1 and 6 in the Talmud (Jer. Berach. 5 a and Sanh. 93 b); and in a number of passages in the Midrashim. Verse 1 in Bereshith R. 85 on Gen. 38:18, where also Psa 110:2 is quoted, and in Ber. R. 99, ed. Warsh., p, 178 b. In Yalkut (vol. i. p. 247 d, near the top), it is described how God had shown Moses all the spirits of the rulers and prophets in Israel, from that time forward to the Resurrection. It is said that all these had one knowledge and one spirit, but that the Messiah had one spirit which was equal to all the others put together, according to Isaiah 11:1.

Let us now finish this birthday of Yehshua which we should be celebrating and shouting about. When He comes back from being in England and around the world we read of the start of HIs ministry.

Luk 3:1¬†¬†And in¬†the¬†fifteenth year of the government of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and¬†the¬†Trachonitus country, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene‚Äst2¬†¬†Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests‚Äď the Word of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.¬†3¬†¬†And he came into all the country around Jordan, proclaiming the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins,¬†4¬†¬†as it is written in¬†the¬†book of the Words of Isaiah the prophet, saying, ‚ÄúThe¬†voice of one crying in the wilderness, prepare the way of¬†the¬†Lord, make His paths straight.¬†5¬†¬†Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low, and the crooked shall be straight, and the rough ways¬†shall be¬†made smooth.¬†6¬†¬†And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.¬†7¬†¬†Then he said to the crowd that came forth to be baptized by him, O generation of vipers! Who has warned you to flee from the wrath to come?¬†8¬†¬†Therefore bring forth fruits worthy of repentance, and do not begin to say within yourselves, We have Abraham for¬†our¬†father. For I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones.¬†9¬†¬†And now also the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Therefore every tree which does not bring forth good fruit is cut down and cast into the fire.¬†10¬†¬†And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?¬†11¬†¬†He answered and said to them, He who has two coats, let him give to him who has none. And he who has food, let him do likewise.¬†12¬†¬†And tax-collectors also came to be baptized and said to him, Teacher, what shall we do?¬†13¬†¬†And he said to them, Continue to do no more than that commanded to you.¬†14¬†¬†And the soldiers also asked of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said to them, Do not forcibly extort anyone, nor accuse¬†any¬†falsely. And be content with your wages.¬†15¬†¬†And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts concerning John, lest perhaps he was the Christ,¬†16¬†¬†John answered all, saying, I indeed baptize you with water, but He who is mightier than I comes, the thong of whose sandals I am not worthy to loose. He shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire,¬†17¬†¬†whose fan¬†is¬†in His hand, and He will thoroughly purge His floor and will gather the wheat into His storehouse. But He will burn the chaff with unquenchable fire.¬†18¬†¬†And then indeed exhorting many things, he proclaimed the gospel to the people.¬†19¬†¬†But Herod the tetrarch (being reproved by him on account of Herodias, his brother Philip‚Äôs wife, and for all¬†the¬†evils which Herod had done)¬†20¬†¬†added still this above all, that he even shut John up in prison.¬†21¬†¬†And it happened in the baptizing of all the people, Jesus also being baptized, and praying, and the heaven was opened.¬†22¬†¬†And the Holy Spirit came down in a bodily shape, like a dove on Him. And a voice came from Heaven, which said, You are My Son, the Beloved; I am delighted in You.¬†23¬†¬†And Jesus Himself was beginning to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) son of Joseph,¬†son of¬†of Heli,

Here are ten prophecies from the Old Testament, fulfilled in the coming of Jesus:
1. Jesus will come from the line of Abraham. Prophecy: Genesis 12:3. Fulfilled: Matthew 1:1.
2. Jesus‚Äô mother will be a virgin.¬†Prophecy:¬†Isaiah 7:14. Fulfilled:Matthew 1:18‚Äď23.
3. Jesus will be a descendent of Isaac and Jacob. Prophecy: Genesis 17:19 and Numbers 24:17. Fulfilled: Matthew 1:2.
4. Jesus will be born in the town Bethlehem.¬†Prophecy:¬†Micah 5:2. Fulfilled:¬†Luke 2:1‚Äď7.
5. Jesus will be called out of Egypt.¬†Prophecy:¬†Hosea 11:1. Fulfilled:Matthew 2:13‚Äď15.
6. Jesus will be a member of the tribe of Judah. Prophecy: Genesis 49:10. Fulfilled: Luke 3:33. 
7. Jesus will enter the temple. This is important because the temple was destroyed in A.D. 70 and was never rebuilt.¬†Prophecy:¬†Malachi 3:1. Fulfilled:¬†Luke 2:25‚Äď27.
8. Jesus will be from the lineage of King David. Prophecy: Jeremiah 23:5. Fulfilled: Matthew 1:6.
9. Jesus’ birth will be accompanied with great suffering and sorrow.Prophecy: Jeremiah 31:15. Fulfilled: Matthew 2:16.
10. Jesus will live a perfect life, die by crucifixion, resurrect from death, ascend into heaven, and sit at the right hand of God.Prophecies:¬†Psalm 22:16;¬†Psalm 16:10;¬†Isaiah 53:10‚Äď11;¬†Psalm 68:18;¬†Psalm 110:1. Fulfilled:¬†1 Peter 2:21‚Äď22;¬†Luke 23:33;¬†Acts 2:25‚Äď32;¬†Acts 1:9;¬†Hebrews 1:3.

So to answer the question we began this with: Should we celebrate birthdays? Yes, we do this every year on the Feast of Trumpets in honor of the Messiah.



  1. Wilson

    Shalom brother Joseph,
    One aspect I would disagree with Collins on about Mary and Joseph, they were clearly poor. How do we KNOW? They gave the the sacrifice for poor people when they brought baby Yeshua to the temple, the birds. If they were able they would have had to bring a greater sacrifice, Torah is specific on this.

    Now for something less pleasant. We are told in Torah to rebuke our brother frankly. In this vein, I must ask you to please explain a position you have taken that seems contradictory and inconsistent.

    Many times, quite regularly in fact, you rebuke brothers for using extra biblical text in a discussion. But you do not keep to that same rule. In this very newsletter and many others you use sources that may be accurate, and may not be. Was Yeshua in the British Isles as a teenager, maybe, and an interesting discussion for sure. Can we “prove” it? I couldn’t say I know it to be fact. I personally don’t have a problem with that, and like you, use extra biblical sources. I advise anyone to keep them in proper context and don’t accept information that would conflict with the Torah or the rest of the Tanakh.
    Shalom, Wilson

    • Joseph F Dumond

      Shabbat Shalom Wilson, Lets look at this again if you would.
      You said they were poor. And hence the reason for the two turtle doves being offered as the purification ceremony.

      Lev 12:6 And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, for a son or for a daughter, she shall bring a lamb of the first year for a burnt offering, and a young pigeon or a turtle-dove, for a sin offering to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to the priest.
      Lev 12:7 And he shall offer it before Jehovah, and make an atonement for her. And she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood. This is the law for her that has borne a male or a female.
      Lev 12:8 And if her hand cannot reach to a lamb, then she shall bring two turtle-doves or two young pigeons. The one shall be for a burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering. And the priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be cleansed.

      There is nothing here about a lesser sacrifice for the poor versus the rich. But if they cannot attain a lamb then they could offer two turtle doves. Again nothing about being poor.

      They had the Lamb of God in their son. They would be offering Him up soon enough.

      The wise men from the east as the article goes on to explain shows that Yehshua was born into a line of Nobility. The article also shows that many of his relatives would be associated with the British Royal line. When the wise men came two years after He was born they brought gifts with them

      Mat 2:11 And coming into the house, they saw the child with Mary His mother. And they fell down and worshiped Him. And opening their treasures, they presented gifts to Him, gold and frankincense and myrrh.

      Although you may be right that they were not well off for those first two years. I would contend that they were not exactly poor then and most certainly not after the wise men came. Joseph of Arimathea was very well off and Yehshua it seems spent much of the missing 12 years with him.

      It is my view that Jesus being poor is another Christian false teaching we have just accepted not know all the facts.

      • Wilson

        Shalom Joseph,
        Many translations equate “if her hand cannot reach to a lamb” as not being able to afford it, or being poor. I’ve never heard that a lamb was a difficult thing to aquire during that time period while the temple was in operation. In fact, lambs would have had to be readily available for the required daily sacrifice. The shepherds in the fields at Yeshua’s birth would also indicate that lambs were in fact available to Mary.
        I hope you will address the rest of my question to you. Shalom, Wilson

  2. Maria - SA

    My head is spinning from all this info. {LOL}
    Nehemiah’s article brought forth the pagan origin for the names of the months of the year.
    We criticise Christians for their pagan ways and traditions but, are we not just as guilty for using Babylonian names in reference to the months?
    We are commanded to teach truth and the ways of Yehovah!
    Thank you for a very informative and enlightening newsletter.
    Infinite blessings.

  3. Johan Marais

    If pagan names appear in Scripture, then we cannot exclude them, e.g. the name Baalzephon in Exo 14:2 or the names of the months.
    But we have no authority to substitute the Name of the Almighty or His Son with pagan names, none whatsoever.